THE ROYAL SOCIETY
If you ask why we should protect wildlife
you are asking a very fundamental question
about human beings’ relationship with the natural world
and responsibility for the natural world.
And I would have thought that almost anyone would think
wildlife plays an important part in our lives
and we have a responsibility to care for it.
the illegal wildlife trade is the 4th most lucrative transnational crime
worth up to ￡17 billion a year.
If that belief is not held by anybody,
I don’t know how I would start arguing about it,
because it seems to me fundamental.
You might suppose it deals with living animals,
but it deals more with animal products,
比如象牙 大象 犀牛角
with things like ivory and elephant and rhino horn
and pangolin scales and so on.
1 million pangolins have been taken from the wild since the year 2000
Around 20,000 elephants a year are killed for their ivory
But there are things we can do
Science and technology these days can help in
identifying where those products came from,
and can also identify them when they are perhaps being concealed.
We should be protecting animals
because they have a place in the world
and we have the responsibility of looking after them.
There are certain species of animal which are in danger of extinction.
The reason why it would be terrible if the elephants are lost
is both moral and philosophical and
they also play an important role in the ecosystems in which they are found.
And if you remove elephants you distort that ecosystem,
and it would be a disaster if the elephant disappeared.
There is no one solution because there is no one problem.
There are multitudes of solutions,
as many solutions as there are species.
Not enough is done clearly
because the illegal wildlife trade still flourishes.
And while it flourishes
then there is a problem.
想要了解更多 请访问royalsociety.org# 终止野生动物犯罪
To find out more please visit royalsociety.org#EndWildlifeCrime