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库斯科

Cusco & Machu Picchu Vacation Travel Guide | Expedia

秘鲁 库斯科 马丘比丘
Cusco & Machu Picchu, Peru
在秘鲁东南部
In the southeast of Peru,
海拔超过11000英尺的地方
at more than eleven thousand feet above sea level,
坐落着库斯科城
lies the city of Cusco.
太阳之都的前首都
The former capital of the Empire of the Sun
是通往神圣谷和有着失落城市之名的马丘比丘
is the gateway to the Sacred Valley and the long-lost city of Machu Picchu.
让我们跟随着
Follow in the footsteps
印加人的脚步 一起进入神秘的安第斯山脉吧
of the Incas and venture deep into the mystical Andes
来领略这全球最壮观的美景之一
to see one of the most glorious places on earth:
马丘比丘——云海之都
Machu Picchu, the city in the clouds.
印加帝国的崛起 直到现在依旧是个谜
The rise of the Inca empire is shrouded in myth.
根据当地传说 印地之子 也就是太阳神之子
According to local legend, the children of Inti the sun god,
出身于的的喀喀湖
arose from Lake Titicaca.
太阳神其中一个儿子 第一位印加首领
One of these sons, the first Inca ruler,
建立了神圣的库斯科城
founded the sacred city of Cusco.
来参观历史上最伟大文明之一的发源地
Visit the cradle of one of the greatest civilizations in history
探索令人赞叹不绝的印加遗产
and explore the awe-inspiring legacy of the Incas.
这里雄伟的遗迹隐匿在16世纪西班牙的殖民建筑里
Their magnificent ruins lie hidden among the city ’ s 16th-century Spanish colonial buildings.
库斯科刚开始是按美洲狮的样子布局建造的
Cusco was originally laid out in the shape of a puma,
狮头为萨克塞华曼要塞
with the Sacsayhuaman fortress for its head.
这片考古遗址景色迷人 是个游玩的好去处
This archeological site offers beautiful vistas and makes a great playground.
现在的阿马斯广场是这只美洲狮跳动的心脏 曾被叫做武器广场
The present-day Plaza de Armas was the puma’s beating heart, Huacaypata.
西班牙人摧毁了印加Wiracocha宫殿
The Spanish destroyed the Inca palace of Wiracocha
取而代之建造了一座大教堂
and replaced it with a cathedral.
在教堂对面 他们在另一个印家皇殿的遗址上
Opposite it, on the foundations of yet another Inca palace,
建造了La Compañia教堂
they built La Compañia church.
这头美洲狮的尾巴由Qorikancha代表
The tail of the puma was represented by Qorikancha,
它是传说中太阳神殿的天井
the Temple of the Sun’s fabled courtyard.
是印加庙宇中最重要的一座神殿
It was the most important Inca temple of all,
但西班牙人害怕它异教的象征 因此将其摧毁
but the Spanish feared its pagan symbolism and demolished it
并建立了秘鲁的第一座多明尼加修道院
to make room for Peru’s first Dominican convent.
沿着铺满鹅卵石的蜿蜒街道向上走去
Discover Cusco’s captivating layers of history
你能层层掀开库斯科城令人神魂颠倒的历史故事
as you climb the winding cobblestone streets.
放慢脚步 去适应稀薄的空气
Slow your pace to adjust to the thin
去感受秘鲁当地的生活方式
air and to the Peruvian way of life.
踏入Hatunrumiyoc街开始探索吧
Venture into Hatunrumiyoc Street,
这条街展现了印加当地杰出的石造工程技术
which illustrates the astonishing masonry techniques of the Incas.
这些前哥伦比亚的建筑使用层层相扣的建造方式
These pre-Columbian masons used interlocking patterns instead of mortar,
并非以水泥建造 而是用极重的石块精确堆叠而成
and stacked the heavy stones with a precision
连现今的建筑师也倍感惊讶
that still baffles engineers today.
虽然历经7个多世纪 之后又遭遇过数次地震
More than seven centuries, and several earthquakes later,
每块石头的间隙依然严密地连指甲也塞不进
you still can’t get a fingernail in between the cracks.
搭辆公交到乌鲁班巴山谷吧
Take a bus trip to the Urubamba Valley,
也就是常说的神圣谷
better know as the Sacred Valley,
去看看印加后裔是如何在秘鲁生存的
to see how the descendants of the Incas maintain a living presence in Peru.
在乌鲁班巴七彩缤纷的市场
At Urubamba’s colorful market,
买卖着家畜以及谷类 调皮的小狗也会衔走商品
livestock and crops change hands while mischievous dogs run off with the merchandise.
参观钦切罗时 看看秘鲁肥沃的平原
Look out over Peru ’ s fertile plains and snowcapped mountains
还有被雪覆盖的山丘吧
during a visit to Chinchero,
这里是彩虹之神神圣的诞生地
the mythical birthplace of the rainbow god.
从这个沉睡的安第斯村庄
From this sleepy Andean village it’ s
到神秘的马里梯田 距离并不遥远
not far to the mysterious Moray Terraces.
这些构造能产生良好的回音 具有自然灌溉以及降温功能
These structures have great acoustics and natural irrigation and cooling,
但建造这些梯田的目的仍无人知晓
but their purpose remains unknown.
在这附近的马拉斯盐田
Nearby, the Salt Mines of Maras predate the Inca dynasty
约早于印加王朝1000年
by about a thousand years.
上百座梯形池塘是
The hundreds of terraced ponds are part
一套复杂蒸发系统的一部分
of an intricate evaporation system
它建立于秘鲁最早文明之一的
constructed during the time of the Chanapata,
Chanapata时期
one of Peru’ s earliest civilizations.
最初的一些牧民开发了当地最初的农场
The former nomads established the first farms of the region.
奥烟达坦坡位于神圣谷遥远的角落
In the far corners of the Sacred Valley lies Ollantaytambo.
这座充满生机的城市 自13世纪起就有人居住
This living Inca city has been inhabited since the 13th century.
爬上高耸的阶梯 前往山上的一座礼仪寺庙
Climb its towering staircases to a ceremonial temple set in the mountain face.
这些遗迹是通过印加小径
These ruins mark the start
前往马丘比丘四日游的起点
of the 4-day Inca Trail to Machu Picchu,
这是世界上最值得尝试的徒步旅行之一
one of the world’s most rewarding treks.
前往遥远的印加城市
A quicker way to reach the
有个更快的方法 就是搭乘火车
remote Inca city is catching the train
到达河岸城市 热水镇
to the riverside town of Aguas Calientes
然后转搭公交
and then jumping on a bus,
来到被云雾覆盖的山林
into the misty mountains.
等到覆盖在神圣谷上方的云散开后
Once the clouds evaporate from the mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley,
马丘比丘真正的美丽也随之揭晓
the true splendor of Machu Picchu is finally revealed.
站在近8000英尺的高山上俯瞰脚下的印加城
It ‘s a humbling experience to stand
会让人感觉到自己的卑微
at an altitude of nearly 8,000 feet and gaze down at the Inca city below you.
俯瞰这些雄伟的遗迹
Overlooking the glorious ruins,
不难想象到
it ’ s easy to imagine the hive
这座城市在600年前是多么得繁荣
of activity this peak must have been almost 600 years ago.
曾在马丘比丘生活的印加人之后发生了什么
It’s one of the worlds’ greatest mysteries
也成为世界上一大未解之谜
what became of the Incas who inhabited Machu Picchu.
它曾是世界上最强大帝国的首要堡垒
What was once a major bastion in the largest empire on Earth,
却被丛林渐渐淹没 直到一个世纪前才被人们重新发掘
was slowly swallowed by the jungle, only to be uncovered a century ago.
印加帝国出现又消失
The Inca dynasty has come and gone,
但印加后裔仍在高地继续生存着
but Incan descendants still survive in the highlands.
这些现代的太阳之子还说着盖丘亚语
These modern-day Children of the Sun still speak Quechua
并继续在这块土地上生活
and continue to live off the land,
虽然也有许多人会跑去库斯科贩卖一些谷物以及羊毛布料
although many come to Cusco to sell their crops and alpaca-woolen textiles.
过了黄昏 当印加的故事
After dusk, when the story
渐渐化为夜中的轻哨
of the Incas becomes a whisper in the night,
库斯科也被一块星毯所覆盖
Cusco is covered under a starry blanket.
这片夜幕如此美丽 人们理应让它永久地延续下去
A backdrop so gorgeous that it deserves to be preserved for eternity.

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视频概述

库斯科是一座位于秘鲁安第斯山脉中的城市,原是古印加帝国的心脏,也是古印加帝国的摇篮。马丘比丘,天空之城,这里被称为印加帝国的“失落之城”。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BY3_7pRHfs0

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