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黄瓜是怎么种出来的? – 译学馆
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黄瓜是怎么种出来的?

CUCUMBER | How Does it Grow?

Cucumber – I know
这是黄瓜 我知道
it’s the stable, dependable friend in our healthy salad relationship.
它是健康沙拉 密不可分的搭档
Cucumbers are so ubiquitous,
黄瓜这么常见
we hardly notice them at all, but it’s the one vegetable
我们几乎都不会注意到黄瓜 但这种蔬菜
we’ve been taking for granted.
被我们接受是理所当然的
Because to grow that perfect refreshing cucumber,
因为从瓜苗长成一根新鲜的黄瓜
it takes way more work than you realize.
要挥洒的汗水比你想的要多
How much? Well,
能有多少?好吧
that’s what we’re about to find out: Cucumber,
这就是接下来我们要了解的 黄瓜
How Does it Grow?
它是怎样生长的?
Now I’ve grown cucumbers in my own garden,
现在我已经在我的庭院里种了黄瓜
and I’ll tell you what:
我想告诉你的是
It’s really easy to grow bitter cucumbers…
在庭院里很容易就会种出苦味的黄瓜
Bitterness is caused by the build-up of natural non-toxic chemicals called cucurbitacins,
苦味来源于一种天然无毒的化学物质叫葫芦素
which can repel predators.
葫芦素可以驱除捕食者
I guess including us!
我想也包括我们
These chemicals build up when the plant is stressed.
植物处于极端环境下会生成这些化学物质
Like if there’s a drought and it doesn’t get enough water;
像是天气干旱且植物缺乏充足的水
or if it gets too much of a good thing,
或者得到的养分过多
like too much fertilizer, and it’s pressure to grow too fast.
比如过量施肥 导致植物生长过快
If you do taste some bitterness,
如果你尝到了一点苦味
try peeling it and cutting off the ends.
试着削皮然后切掉黄瓜两端
That’s where the cucurbitacins concentrate.
因为这两处是葫芦素较集中的地方
Historically cucumbers began life as a bitter fruit. And yes,
历史上黄瓜是由一种更苦的水果得来的 没错
cucumbers are technically fruits.
黄瓜是育种技术突破后的产物
They originated in India, where bitter melon,
它产自于印度 印度也是苦瓜的产地
a cucumber cousin is still a staple today.
苦瓜是黄瓜的近亲 现在仍为主食
Cucumbers have been cultivated for at least 3,000 years,
人们种植黄瓜至少三千年了
and they’re one of the oldest crops to
它也是最早的在人为控制
be grown in a controlled environment.
的环境中生长的植物之一
There are lots of cucumber varieties,
黄瓜的种类有很多
but they’re generally divided into three categories:
但它们总体上可以分成三类
slicing cucumbers: generally thick-skinned smooth ones;
用于切片的黄瓜 通常表皮厚且光滑
pickling cucumbers: short, warty ones like gherkins and Kirbies;
用于腌渍的黄瓜 短小带刺的黄瓜 包括小黄瓜和Kirbies
and seedless cucumbers like English or hothouse cucumbers.
和无籽黄瓜 比如说英国黄瓜和温室黄瓜
You can also call these burpless –
你也可以将其称之为易消化的黄瓜
because there are no seeds there to give you indigestion.
因为这种黄瓜没有籽 不会使你消化不良
For this episode we’re following the story of the slicing cucumber. Cucumbers,
本集我们将讲述有关用于切片的黄瓜的故事
by the way, are technically harvested while they’re still immature.
顺便一提 严格来说 黄瓜不完全成熟时就可以采收了
If this was allowed to continue growing on the vine,
如果任由黄瓜继续在藤蔓上生长
it would get bigger,
它会变得更大
and seedier and eventually turn yellow –
然后果内的种子增多 最后表皮会变黄
not how we like to eat our cucumbers.
这样的黄瓜不是我们想吃的
In the U.S., Georgia is one of our top cucumber producers
在美国 乔治亚洲是黄瓜产量最高的产地之一
and we’re here at Southern Valley
今天 我们来到南部山谷农场
a family-owned farm that specializes in growing cucumbers
这里的一个家族农场专门种植黄瓜
in a very particular way.
他们有独特的种植方式
But first I have a question for you…
但首先我有一个问题要问你
Hey, are you enjoying this episode? Great!
嘿 你喜欢这一集吗? 很好
Can you help us make more of them?
你能支持我们去制作更多视频么?
Until we have your support to fully fund “How Does it Grow?”, we make these films whenever we can.
有了你们资金的支持 我们才能随时随地做视频
If you want to see monthly”How Does it Grow?”s –
如果你希望每月都能看到本视频
imagine weekly! Then click the link immediately below this video,
请立即点击视频下方的链接
and become a True Food TV patron.
成为《真实食物》的赞助者
Remember we make these food education films for everyone to watch for free.
请记住我们在无偿制作有关食物的科普视频
Your support helps keep them that way.
你的支持是我做视频的最大动力
Thank you and back to the show!
非常感谢 回到正题
Most American farms gross slicing cucumbers right on the ground
美国的大多数农场会把用于切片的黄瓜种在地上
but some farms like Southern Valley use a stake and netting system
但像南部山谷这样的农场会用棍子和网制作支架
which keeps the vines off the ground.
这种支架可以使藤条离开地面
And they do that here over 800 acres
他们在八百英亩的土地上架设支架
because it yields higher quality and quantity.
因为架设支架使黄瓜质量提升 产量增加
But it’s also the most labor-intensive way, because it’s done entirely by hand.
但是这是劳动密集型的生产方式 因为支架需要手动搭建
Okay, so here’s what I mean about labor-intensive.
好的 这里就是我想给大家介绍的劳动密集型生产方式
First, they hand transplant the baby plants grown in the greenhouse.
首先 他们徒手把温室的幼苗移栽到地里
Then, they place stakes in the ground one by one.
接着 他们一个个地把支撑桩插入地里
They attach the netting.
这是在拉网
And then, they thread each plant through the netting
然后 他们要把藤条牵引到网上
not once, but three times- as the plant grows higher and higher.
随着藤条变高 这个过程不止一次 而是需要三次
Guys, this is a ridiculous amount of work.
讲真 这种农作方式听起来很荒唐
For most vegetables, farmers aren’t working one-on-one with every plant.
对于大多数蔬菜 农民不会一一照顾到每颗植株
They’re monitoring the field.
农民们只会检查一整块田
These guys do all this for something as humdrum as a cucumber.
但这里的农民却要干这些单调如黄瓜的事
That’s almost crazy!
太疯狂了
But there’s another key player in this hard-working team: the bee!
在这勤劳的团队中还有个关键角色:蜜蜂
Cucumber farms rely on bees, typically one hive per acre.
黄瓜田需要蜜蜂 通常每亩地都有一个蜂箱
That means at least 25,000 bees per acre.
这意味着每英亩地至少有两万五千只蜜蜂
See, to get a beautiful straight perfect looking cucumber like this,
看 要种出像这样卖相好的优质黄瓜
Austin says a flower has to be pollinated at least seven times.
奥斯丁说至少要给花进行七次授粉
Now these vines keep on flowering throughout the season,
现在整个季度瓜藤会一直开花
so those bees are working and working and working for up to ten weeks.
所以蜜蜂会一直采蜜 授粉 持续到十周后
Austin:A bee likes a nice, cool, sunny day – clear, no clouds, no rain…
– 蜜蜂喜欢晴朗 凉爽的好天气 像是天朗气清 万里无云
-…not a lot of wind. – Prima Donnas!
– 还有微风吹过 – 搞得我想唱首歌
– What do we well have to be perfect? – Right.
-一切都得完美 – 对的
– But you don’t have perfect weather so that does affect…right?
– 但你无法确保天气的完美  这样确实会有影响 对吗?
– That’s right. It affects the bee pollination on a daily basis.
– 对的 坏天气会影响蜜蜂日常的基本授粉
Coz one week you might have straight cucumbers, the next week they may be all curvy…
这个星期你能收获直黄瓜  但下个星期黄瓜可能就都长弯了
– You probably don’t make as much on that kind of cucumber, right?
– 你在弯黄瓜上赚的钱应该是少于直黄瓜的 对吗?
– No, we sell those that at a less…less price normally.
– 是的 弯黄瓜的价格一般会压得比较低
– Even though they taste perfect…
– 即使味道也很好
-They taste identical.
-味道都一样
– See this? – Yeah?
– 看这根黄瓜 – 有问题么
– Ugly cucumber. – Yeah…
– 是根难看的黄瓜 – 好吧
– We’re gonna split it in half…let you have some. – Cheers! Okay!
– 把它掰断 给你 – 干杯
Taste a so cute cucumber.
尝到了这么可爱的黄瓜
At Southern Valley, there’s not just one harvest time for cucumbers.
在南部山谷农场 收获黄瓜的机会不止一次
These vines will keep bearing fruit until the first frost hits.
瓜藤会继续结果 直到第一次寒潮来临
That means the harvest team goes out at least 20 times before season’s end.
意味着瓜农在冬季到来前可以收获至少二十次
– So it’s a twist and a pull. The vines are a little bit spiky. – Yes.
– 采摘时一扭一拉 瓜藤上会有小刺 – 有一点点
– So…so long sleeves is probably… – Yes, when working I have long sleeves.
– 所以这么长的袖子就可以… – 防小刺 我采摘时会穿上长袖
So they’re usually picking with both hands,
他们常常是双手同时采摘
and just like dragging the bucket along.
然后拖着小桶走
With one person per row it takes about five minutes
一排一人 五分钟内就能摘完
to clear an acre.
一英亩黄瓜
Each man gets paid by the bucket,
工人的报酬按采摘的桶数计算
and the buckets are really heavy when they’re full, though
这个桶装满黄瓜后会很重
you wouldn’t know it by the speed with which these guys move.
即使很重 你也想不到背着桶的工人跑的有多快
From the field, the cucumbers are taken to be washed, waxed,
离开农田后 黄瓜会经过清洗 打蜡
sized, packed, and cooled.
测量大小 包装 冷藏一系列工序
A cucumber is 90% water.
一根黄瓜含有九成水分
Once it’s refrigerated.
一旦经过冷冻
The inside can be 20 degrees cooler than the outside.
黄瓜里面的温度比外面要低上二十摄氏度
And so we say:”cool as a cucumber”.
所以才有“冷如黄瓜”的说法

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视频概述

详细讲解了种植黄瓜的过程

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收集自网络

翻译译者

Jakki

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审核员SF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ua1TbZAyqjc

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