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创造力和抑郁症:究竟之间存在什么联系呢? – 译学馆
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创造力和抑郁症:究竟之间存在什么联系呢?

Creativity and Depression: What Causes the Link?

世界健康组织粗略估计全世界约有超过1.21亿的人
The World Health Organization estimates that over 121 million
患有着不同形式的抑郁
people worldwide suffer from some form of depression.
它是世界上最普遍的精神障碍之一
It is one of the world’s most common mental disorders
其中有30%的患者都试图自杀
and with 30 percent of suffers attempting suicide.
我说患有抑郁的人试图自杀并非是在说谎
I’m not lying when I say the depression kills.
经证实 富有创造力的人受这个疾病影响最深
Creative types have been proving to be the group most affected by this disorder
如欧内斯特·海明威 弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫及麦克·安吉洛都如此
with people such as Ernest Hemingway, Virginia Woolf and Michael Angelo all been affected.
这仅仅是因为他们独特的思维过程
Is this due to nothing but their unique thought processes
还是有其他原因?
or could it be something else?
已经被证实 作为一个物种
It has been proven that as a species
人类往往会被这样的人所吸引 这些可以和自己交流思想
human beings are drawn to those with whom we share ideas
拥有相似观念的人
and have similar thoughts with.
研究已经多次证明了这点 例如1956年的Newcomes
Studies have shown this time and time again such as a newcomes 1956
实验发现 人们更喜欢他们的室友
experiment where he found that man like their housemates more
如果他们拥有相同的性观念 相似的家庭观及政治观
if they had similar attitudes about sex, family and politics.
这是因为当发现有人拥有和自己相同的品味
This is because people enjoy feeling validated or impressed
并且和那些有同样兴趣的人更容易交谈时
when others have the same taste as them
人们可以享受被称赞或给别人留下深刻印象的感觉
and find it’s easier to talk to those with the same interests.
有理由相信 如果一个人不能找到
So It is reasonable to assume that if person is unable to find
和自己拥有相似思维过程的人
someone with the similar thought process to them.
他们会变得孤僻并且可能最终患上抑郁
They will be come lonely and may end up suffering from depression.
充满创意的人往往拥有极不寻常的思维方式
Creative people have the most unique of minds
由此我们可以得出结论
and therefore we can draw the conclusion that
老生常谈的一句话 他们发出的声音没有人能理解
as cliched as its sounds no one understands them.
然而 Newcomes研究在许多方面存在问题
However, Newcomes study was flawed in many ways.
该项研究存在性别偏向且样本仅为17人
It’s gender bias and small sample size of 17,
这意味着它不能概括所有人的情况
means that it can’t be generalize to the entire population,
和不能探索更深层次的思想
and It fails to explore deeper levels of thought.
这就意味着尽管人们拥有相同观念时或许更开心
This means whiles people may be more agreeable when they have the same views.
这并不意味着那些持不同观点的人会被社会所排斥
It doesn’t mean those with the different views are shunned from society.
那么是什么导致了有创造力的人比普通人
So what does cause such levels of depression
更容易患上抑郁呢?
in the more creative have of the population.
安柯诺娜及门德斯在2008年研究
Akinola and Mendes in 2008 conducted the study that
当人们表现出创造力时 否定所起的作用
look up the role of rejection when they comes to creativity.
在参与者演讲完后 分别被给予积极或消极的反馈
Participants were given either positive, negative or no feedback
或者没有反馈 之后再被要求制作一副拼贴画
on a speaking task and then asked to produce a collage.
结果显示 拥有消极反馈或被否定的人创造
The participants expose to negative feedback or rejection produced
的拼贴画更有创意 超过同组中其他获得积极反馈的人
more creative collages than participant in the control group in the positive feedback group.
这表明这种抑郁症特有的社会排斥症状
This suggests that societal rejection, a particular symptom of depression,
可能有利于增强创造力
may be responsible for increased creativity.
换句话说 是抑郁导致创造力而非创造力造成抑郁
In other words, depression causes creativity instead of creativity causing depression.
艺术的批判性思维是
It is crucial to think critically when It comes to the art
达到最佳能力的关键
in order to reach the optimum capability.
但问题是过度的思虑之后伴随的往往是自我怀疑
But the problem with overthinking set self-doubt often follows
并且信心越低就越容易陷入抑郁
and with that lower confidence making it easier to slip into depression.
或许 拥有创造力的人们患上这样精神问题的原因是
Perhaps the cause of such mental issues with creative people is that
他们习惯于评价自己的工作 慢慢地开始评价自己
they get to used to judging their own work and slowly begin judging themselves.
我知道做这件事自己很愧疚
I know that I am guilty of doing this
很难区分两者
as becomes hard to distinguish between the two.
尤其当你在工作中投入了如此多的心血时
Especially, when you put so much heart into you’re working on.
它几乎已经成为了你的一部分
It almost becomes a part of you.
艺术家的角色是始终在危险边缘舞蹈
Role of the artist is to always dance on the dangerous line
对于许多人来说 舞蹈是很难跟上的
and for many the dance is too hard to keep up.
你是否遭受过相同的困境 你又支持那个理论呢?
Do you suffer from the same struggles? Which theory do you support?
抑郁造成创造性还是创造性带来抑郁
Depression causing creativity or creativity causing depression.

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视频概述

是患有抑郁症会带来创造力吗?还是富有创造性思维的人易陷入抑郁呢?

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CtOKjHgNsQw

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