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将人类变成半机械人的疯狂计划 – 译学馆
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将人类变成半机械人的疯狂计划

Crazy Elon Musk's Plan

如果将人脑与电脑相连……
What if we connect the brain to a computer?
朋友们 “未来”已经到来了
The future has come, my friends.
不久之前这些似乎还无法想象
All these things seemed simply unthinkable just a short time ago.
但如今我们谈论的已经是思维控制电脑的话题了
Now we talk about controlling computers by the power of thought.
更新大脑认知 穿戴仿生四肢
Renewing conscienceness, bionic extremities
畅玩为你量身定制的电子游戏
and video games that are tailored specifically to each individual.
此前 如果你在聊天时碰巧提出以上任意一个想法
Previously, if you happened to casually mention one of these strange things during a conversation,
最好的情况是被人看作是傻瓜
at best, you would’ve been considered a fool.
运气不好的话还会被抓进精神病院
And at worse, you would’ve been ended up in a psychiatric hospital.
世界变了 21世纪已经来临
The world has changed. The 21st century has come.
作为这个时代最有远见卓识的人类 埃隆·马斯克
Perhaps the greatest visionary of our time, Elon Musk,
宣布了一项将人脑与电脑合并的计划
has declared his plans to merge the human brain with a computer.
也就是说 以上几个想法都可能变成现实了
In other words, to make all of the above in reality,
今年三月 埃隆·马斯克宣布成立
Elon Musk presented to the public
一个名为“神经连接”的项目
his new project Neuralink in March of this year,
意味着我们有希望在今后看到
and give the world hope for a future
目前只在好莱坞大片中出现的场景
which at present is seen only in Holywood films.
这个异想天开的创意是什么?结局又会走向何方?
What is this fantastic idea and what will be the consequences?
如果埃隆这一伟大计划能够实现
How will the world change
世界又会变成什么样子?
after Elon realized his grandiose new plans?
因数个雄心勃勃的项目而为人所知的埃隆·马斯克
Mr. Musk, known for his ambitious projects,
日前又宣布了一项可以改变世界的最新计划
has announced his latest attempt to change the world.
这一次他不再“上天” 探索太空
This time he is not going into the depth of space,
而是要“入脑”挖掘潜能
but into the depth of the human brain.
通过名为“神经连接”的脑机接口
By using Neuralinks, neural-computer interface,
人类可以成为半机械人
we can become cyborgs.
“神经织网”将电极植入人类大脑的技术
A great of electrodes introduced into the brain, also known as a Neural Lace
将会开启一个人类新纪元 也为专家们带去新的希望
will open up a new era in the history of mankind also the experts’ promise.
关于这个项目的利弊我们暂且留待下回分解
We can talk another time about both the pros and cons of this latest endeavor,
今天先来介绍一下它可能会带来的神奇改变
but for now, let’s try to present just the amazing possibilities.
马斯克希望这个装置将来能够帮助人类
Musk expects that such devices will help mankind avoid
免受人工智能统治的威胁
submission and surrender to artificial intelligents.
如果将人类看作
If we consider the human body as a device
一项集数据输入、输出、处理为一体的设备
capable of inputting, processing and outputting information,
我们会发现 速度是这项设备的硬伤
it turns out that the weakest link is speed.
马斯克说 人类的信息输入速度的情况会好的多
As Mr. Musk said, our input of information is much better
因为我们通向大脑的视觉界面带宽很大
because we have a high-speed visual interface connected to the brain.
双眼可以吸收很多数据
Our eyes take in a large amount of data.
但数据输入与输出在数量级上差异巨大
But in our case, input and output differ by several orders of magnitude.
后者速度缓慢 效率低下
Output is slow and cumbersome.
马斯克认为 生物智能和数字智能的
As Musk relates, effective intergration of the brain and digital intelligence
有效融合与共生
into a symbiotic system
可以打破许多信息传输上的局限
will eliminate many of the limitations associated with input-output
通过开发出一种(高带宽)接口
by creating a kind of interface
数据可直接到达大脑皮层
for direct access to these cerebral cortex.
神经接口必须与大脑中所有的神经元同时运作
The neural interface must simultaneously work with all of the brain’s neurons.
为了解决这一点
Some less invasive techniques
科学家们正努力寻找一种侵入性更小的技术
for accomplishing this are being considered.
马斯克解释 由于静脉和动脉用于输送血液
As Musk says, as they are actively supplied with blood,
它们可以直接通向大脑中的神经元
veins and arteries provide direct access to all of the brain’s neurons.
目前 如果一个普通人想要在脑子里嵌入”神经织网”
Still, we should expect them to do an expensive, complex and dangerous operation
他仍需接受一项费用高昂 复杂且危险的外科手术
for every Joe Blow who walks to the door, wanting to acquire a neural lace.
但手术嵌入的方法目的明确 具有针对性
Applications are targeted and specific.
目前还有一个比较可行的
One of the more promising ideas
同时也是该公司正致力于研究的方法
and which the companies are working is that of
就是将微型芯片注射入动脉及颈部
miniature chips which are injected into the artery and the neck,
然后通过血液进入人脑
and entered the brain with a flow of blood.
这种方法创伤较小 但获得的连接速度也较慢
This less invasive interface offers less speed.
据去年一个中美联合研究小组的数据表明
Last year’s record was sent by US-China group of researchers.
这个速度为每秒4.4到5.5比特
And that was from 4.4 to 5.5 bits per second.
在这种情况下 人们可以通过意念输入文字
In this case, text was typed by thought,
而将文本输出到屏幕上的速度约为每秒一个数据符
and the speed of text being displayed on screen was about 1 symbol per second.
微型芯片能够帮助治疗
Miniature chips that will help people
包括中风 精神创伤和先天性疾病在内的病症
who suffered a stroke or trauma or who have congenital diseases
预计在4年内投入市场
should begin a period in about 4 years.
芯片植入和脑机接口还可以帮助人们更好地应对残疾
These implants and interfaces will make it easier to cope with disabilities,
如帕金森病 脑部疾病与疼痛 以及视力障碍
such as Parkinson’s disease, mental illness, pain and vision problems.
也有助于修复运动机能 重拾记忆
These devices will help to restore motor functions and memory.
在未来还可以用于帮助思想交流
And in the future will help us to exchange thoughts with their help.
这项科技距离普通人都消费得起的目标大约还有8到10年
Development will become relatively cheap and accessible in 8 to 10 years
当然 前提是能够解决伦理和合法性的问题
if, of course, the ethical and legal problems associated with these innovations are resolved.
毕竟 这样一个既能提高人类智力
After all, the use of such device to improve mental abilities,
又能赋予我们“电子心灵感应”超能力的设备
let alone gift us with a kind of electronic telepathy
会引起许多质疑
will raise numerous questions
人们认为这个项目在某些方面还欠缺考虑
about which due consideration has not been given
在实际应用方面也研究得不够
and even much less considered in a practical way.
“神经连接”公司负责人声称
The head of the company claims that
他们选择脑机接口而不是基因方面作为研究方向
the whole direction of their effort was chosen instead of genetics
是出于速度方面的考量
for the sake of speed of research.
他解释道 基因研究耗时过长是问题所在
As he says, genetics works too slowly. That’s the whole problem.
一个人长大成人需要花费20年时间
It takes 20 years for a person to become an adult.
他们没那么多时间去等待
We just don’t have that much time.
埃隆·马斯克和他的合伙人正在积极追赶的目标是什么
Where Elon Musk and his associates are hurried into?
我们暂且不得而知
It is not completely clear yet.
但无疑每个人都很期待知道
Although of course, everyone is fairly pleased to see
这项研究在他们有生之年能取得什么成果
what is to achieve during his life so far.
有趣的是 这个新项目同样有利于“火星殖民计划”
Interestingly, it is also likely that new developments will be useful to future Martians.
大家别忘了 同样也是埃隆·马斯克
Let’s not forget that this same Elon Musk
计划要在可预见的未来将100万人口移民到这颗红色星球上
dreams of relocating about a million people to the red planet in the forseeable future.
好了 说回这个“脑机”项目
However, let’s return to our brains.
在大脑边缘系统和皮层上添加一层神经织网
A new casing, a neuronal lace, added to the limbic system and cortex
可使人类与汽车直接对话
will allow a person and a car to communicate directly.
但它的必要性在哪里呢?
Why would this be necessary?
神经工程系统设计项目经理菲利浦·阿尔瓦德打了一个比方
Philip Alvelda, manager of neural engineering system design,
目前最好的脑机接口系统
explains the best modern systems of Neural Computer Interfaces, NCIs,
就像两个超级计算机试图用一个老旧的调制解调器来相互沟通
are like two super-computers trying to communicate with each other using an old modem.
那么想象一下 我们升级工具后之会发生什么可能
Imagine what will happen when we improve our tools.
无需语音即可发布脑部指令
So, giving mental commands without using our voices,
远程电脑实施操作
conducting any operations on your computer remotely,
这些都将变成现实
all of this will become a reality.
韩国的研究人员曾经使用脑机接口控制虫子
Korean scientists tried using an NCI to control bugs
实验结果非常成功
and the experiments were quite successful.
全球卫生研究的组织负责人温卡特·瑞安在弗若斯特沙利文公司曾说到
As Venkat Ryan, the director of Global Health Perspectives at Frost&Sullivan said,
大脑就像一个体系
the brain is just a scheme.
如果能通过微电子与其互动
And If you interact with it with micro-electronics,
我们可以解决诸多问题 大大提高生活的便宜性
you will be able to solve numerous problems and significantly improve the quality of life.
这项科技在发展起来之后
This technology being developed
能够启动并控制大脑活动
will be able to initiate and control the activity of the brain.
你可以将信息传输到任何设备 也可以传送到云端
It will be possible to transfer information to any device, to the Cloud,
甚至直接传输到有类似接口的其他大脑中
or directly to the brain of another interface user.
长久以来 科学家们都在试图通过电脑提高人类智力
Scientists have long tried to improve intelligence with the help of a computer,
但目前还未取得显著成功
but so far they have not achieved much success.
但如果大脑和电脑说的是同一种语言
But if the brain and computer speak one language,
那么一切将会不同
everything will be different.
(一)学习系统翻天巨变
The training system itself will change.
我们可以直接将新的知识和技能装载到大脑上
It will be possible to load new knowledge and skills directly into the brain.
目前这项技术正被用来让瘫痪者与人进行交流
At present, experts are using these techniques to help paralyzed people to communicate with the world,
但今后它的用途可能远远不止于此
but the possible scope of this technology is much, much wider.
(二)仿生肢体遍地开花
Super Legs and other limbs.
马斯克不仅给我们带来了希望 突破 同时还有先进的外科修复学
Musks offers promise, breakthroughs and prosthetics.
机械四肢将被轻松接入神经系统
Robotic limbs could one day easily integrated into the nervi system
因为他们可以利用双向交流方式传递信息
because they could transmit messages using this two-way communication.
谁又能说的准呢 也许有一天
Who knows? Maybe artificial hands will become so perfect in the future
就连健全的人类也会想要换上一双完美的仿生手臂呢
that even a healthy person might consider using such artificial manipulators.
(三)人类情感一览无遗
Emotions out in the open.
如果电脑和大脑本质上讲的是同一种语言
A single language for the brain and computer means that
那么情感就可以像数据一样被解读了
emotions will be read as data.
电脑程序将能够适应你的情绪状态
A computer program will adjust to a person’s mood
人类也不再仅仅是通过逻辑来认识电脑
and this person will perceive the computer not only with the help of logic,
表面认知将会上升到情感理解的层面
awareness will be replaced by understanding.
人类之间将能够充分共享情感与情绪
It will be possible to fully share one’s feelings and emotions with another person
开辟交流与艺术领域的新天地
and this will open up vast new frontiers in the fields of communications and the arts.
(四)电子游戏重焕生机
Play with your own brain.
由于现代电子游戏里的生命周期是重复的
Modern computer and video games can be played several times
游戏的故事架构也很有限
before exhausting all the various plot twists.
很快玩家们就会觉得情节无聊老套
But soon enough they become boring and predictable.
这个问题将会得到根本解决
This situation could change radically.
脑机接口的出现会促使电子游戏与人脑互动
The appearance of NCIs will force games to interact with the brain,
对人脑中的情感做出反应 并预见玩家的下一步动作
responding to the emotions of a particular person and to foresee that user’s actions.
这样就很容易做到使玩家们在游戏中感觉恐惧 惊喜 或是愉悦
It’s much easier to frighten, surprise and delight
因为电脑可以清楚地识别他们对游戏的预期和感觉
if the expectations and feelings of the player are an open book.
以上这些畅想并不一定都会在埃隆·马斯克手里实现
Maybe all these possibilities won’t be fulfilled by Elon Musk,
但一定能发展出新的可能
but they will be developed.
他们为我们带来了太多不可思议的新机会
They promise too many new and incredible opportunities.
总有一天 人类能见证这些奇迹的发生
And sooner or later, someone will realize all these miracles.
这个世界要变了 我相信那一天很快会到来
The world will change and I think that it will change very soon.

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视频概述

“科技狂人”埃隆马斯克再放大招,这次他要完成人脑与电脑互连,打造高智商半机械人,以应对未来AI可能统治人类的威胁。

听录译者

kelsey

翻译译者

尤机灵

审核员

译学馆审核员N

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qesd6h02wW0

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