What if we connect the brain to a computer?
The future has come, my friends.
All these things seemed simply unthinkable just a short time ago.
Now we talk about controlling computers by the power of thought.
Renewing conscienceness, bionic extremities
and video games that are tailored specifically to each individual.
Previously, if you happened to casually mention one of these strange things during a conversation,
at best, you would’ve been considered a fool.
And at worse, you would’ve been ended up in a psychiatric hospital.
The world has changed. The 21st century has come.
Perhaps the greatest visionary of our time, Elon Musk,
has declared his plans to merge the human brain with a computer.
In other words, to make all of the above in reality,
Elon Musk presented to the public
his new project Neuralink in March of this year,
and give the world hope for a future
which at present is seen only in Holywood films.
What is this fantastic idea and what will be the consequences?
How will the world change
after Elon realized his grandiose new plans?
Mr. Musk, known for his ambitious projects,
has announced his latest attempt to change the world.
This time he is not going into the depth of space,
but into the depth of the human brain.
By using Neuralinks, neural-computer interface,
we can become cyborgs.
A great of electrodes introduced into the brain, also known as a Neural Lace
will open up a new era in the history of mankind also the experts’ promise.
We can talk another time about both the pros and cons of this latest endeavor,
but for now, let’s try to present just the amazing possibilities.
Musk expects that such devices will help mankind avoid
submission and surrender to artificial intelligents.
If we consider the human body as a device
capable of inputting, processing and outputting information,
it turns out that the weakest link is speed.
As Mr. Musk said, our input of information is much better
because we have a high-speed visual interface connected to the brain.
Our eyes take in a large amount of data.
But in our case, input and output differ by several orders of magnitude.
Output is slow and cumbersome.
As Musk relates, effective intergration of the brain and digital intelligence
into a symbiotic system
will eliminate many of the limitations associated with input-output
by creating a kind of interface
for direct access to these cerebral cortex.
The neural interface must simultaneously work with all of the brain’s neurons.
Some less invasive techniques
for accomplishing this are being considered.
As Musk says, as they are actively supplied with blood,
veins and arteries provide direct access to all of the brain’s neurons.
Still, we should expect them to do an expensive, complex and dangerous operation
for every Joe Blow who walks to the door, wanting to acquire a neural lace.
Applications are targeted and specific.
One of the more promising ideas
and which the companies are working is that of
miniature chips which are injected into the artery and the neck,
and entered the brain with a flow of blood.
This less invasive interface offers less speed.
Last year’s record was sent by US-China group of researchers.
And that was from 4.4 to 5.5 bits per second.
In this case, text was typed by thought,
and the speed of text being displayed on screen was about 1 symbol per second.
Miniature chips that will help people
who suffered a stroke or trauma or who have congenital diseases
should begin a period in about 4 years.
These implants and interfaces will make it easier to cope with disabilities,
如帕金森病 脑部疾病与疼痛 以及视力障碍
such as Parkinson’s disease, mental illness, pain and vision problems.
These devices will help to restore motor functions and memory.
And in the future will help us to exchange thoughts with their help.
Development will become relatively cheap and accessible in 8 to 10 years
if, of course, the ethical and legal problems associated with these innovations are resolved.
After all, the use of such device to improve mental abilities,
let alone gift us with a kind of electronic telepathy
will raise numerous questions
about which due consideration has not been given
and even much less considered in a practical way.
The head of the company claims that
the whole direction of their effort was chosen instead of genetics
for the sake of speed of research.
As he says, genetics works too slowly. That’s the whole problem.
It takes 20 years for a person to become an adult.
We just don’t have that much time.
Where Elon Musk and his associates are hurried into?
It is not completely clear yet.
Although of course, everyone is fairly pleased to see
what is to achieve during his life so far.
Interestingly, it is also likely that new developments will be useful to future Martians.
Let’s not forget that this same Elon Musk
dreams of relocating about a million people to the red planet in the forseeable future.
However, let’s return to our brains.
A new casing, a neuronal lace, added to the limbic system and cortex
will allow a person and a car to communicate directly.
Why would this be necessary?
Philip Alvelda, manager of neural engineering system design,
explains the best modern systems of Neural Computer Interfaces, NCIs,
are like two super-computers trying to communicate with each other using an old modem.
Imagine what will happen when we improve our tools.
So, giving mental commands without using our voices,
conducting any operations on your computer remotely,
all of this will become a reality.
Korean scientists tried using an NCI to control bugs
and the experiments were quite successful.
As Venkat Ryan, the director of Global Health Perspectives at Frost&Sullivan said,
the brain is just a scheme.
And If you interact with it with micro-electronics,
you will be able to solve numerous problems and significantly improve the quality of life.
This technology being developed
will be able to initiate and control the activity of the brain.
It will be possible to transfer information to any device, to the Cloud,
or directly to the brain of another interface user.
Scientists have long tried to improve intelligence with the help of a computer,
but so far they have not achieved much success.
But if the brain and computer speak one language,
everything will be different.
The training system itself will change.
It will be possible to load new knowledge and skills directly into the brain.
At present, experts are using these techniques to help paralyzed people to communicate with the world,
but the possible scope of this technology is much, much wider.
Super Legs and other limbs.
马斯克不仅给我们带来了希望 突破 同时还有先进的外科修复学
Musks offers promise, breakthroughs and prosthetics.
Robotic limbs could one day easily integrated into the nervi system
because they could transmit messages using this two-way communication.
Who knows? Maybe artificial hands will become so perfect in the future
that even a healthy person might consider using such artificial manipulators.
Emotions out in the open.
A single language for the brain and computer means that
emotions will be read as data.
A computer program will adjust to a person’s mood
and this person will perceive the computer not only with the help of logic,
awareness will be replaced by understanding.
It will be possible to fully share one’s feelings and emotions with another person
and this will open up vast new frontiers in the fields of communications and the arts.
Play with your own brain.
Modern computer and video games can be played several times
before exhausting all the various plot twists.
But soon enough they become boring and predictable.
This situation could change radically.
The appearance of NCIs will force games to interact with the brain,
responding to the emotions of a particular person and to foresee that user’s actions.
这样就很容易做到使玩家们在游戏中感觉恐惧 惊喜 或是愉悦
It’s much easier to frighten, surprise and delight
if the expectations and feelings of the player are an open book.
Maybe all these possibilities won’t be fulfilled by Elon Musk,
but they will be developed.
They promise too many new and incredible opportunities.
And sooner or later, someone will realize all these miracles.
The world will change and I think that it will change very soon.