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意识其实是潜意识的叙述 – 译学馆
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意识其实是潜意识的叙述

Consciousness Is a Narrative Created by Your Unconscious Mind | Dean Buonomano

光 相机 意识
Lights, Camera, Consciousness
意识是我们曾试图了解的
So consciousness is one of the deepest mysteries
最深奥的秘密之一
that we have ever attempted to resolve.
研究意识的部分问题是
And part of the problem with studying consciousness is that
它很难衡量
it’s very difficult to measure.
但我们确实有一些见解
But we do have some insights,
举例来说 大脑是如何记录时间的
and for one, in the context of how the brain tells time,
有证据表明意识不仅仅是它看起来那个样子
there’s evidence that consciousness is not really what it seems to be.
我的意思是
So what I mean by that is
我们感觉我们的主观经验在我们周围的世界中
we feel our subjective experiences unfolding in the world around
是线性发展的
us in sort of this linear narrative,
A后面是B B后面是C 而D紧跟着C
in which B follows A, in which C follows B and D follows C,
事情以线性的方式发生
in which things are happening in a linear progression.
但事实上 似乎我们的主观经验
But in reality it seems that our subjective experiences,
我们有意识的叙述可能不是线性的
our conscious narrative might not be that linear.
有许多经验或实验表明
So there’s a number of experiences or experiments that
大脑处理信息的方式
suggest that the brain processes information
可说是不连续的 离散的
in sort of a discontinuous and discrete manner.
所以我们意识到的事情并不都是线性发生的
So it’s not that I’m conscious of everything happening in a nice linear progression.
在有些情况下
It seems to be in some cases that
后面发生的事干扰和调整了
what happens after interferes or modulates
我们对之前发生的事的意识体验
what our conscious experience of those things that came before.
有一种叫做“皮肤兔”的错觉
So there’s something called the cutaneous rabbit illusion
在手臂上敲击几下
in which if you feel a couple of taps on your arm
也许一、二、三、四下
maybe one, two, three, four
人们会觉得这是一个连续的过程
people will feel that as sort of a continuous progression.
但事实上 这并不是一个连续的过程
But in reality that can’t be a continuous progression
因为后面的敲击决定了
because it’s the taps that came later that determined
你感受到之前的敲击发生的位置
where you felt that the previous taps were occurring.
如果你想想像演讲之类的东西
And if you think of something like speech,
你可能不会
you’re probably not aware of my speech in
以一个音节一个音节 一个字一个字的方式来理解我的演讲
a syllable by syllable, word by word manner.
似乎我们对我们周围的事情
It seems to be that we become conscious of
以组块形式产生意识
events around us sort of in chunks in which
你的潜意识
your unconscious mind reaches a point of analysis
会通过对周围发生的每一件事取样和分析 得到一个分析结果
by taking and sampling everything that’s happening around it
这发生在你的主观经验传递到你的显意识之前
before a subjective experience is delivered into your conscious mind.
我认为有这样一些暗示:
So I think there’s some suggestions that
潜意识不断地通过感觉器官
the unconscious brain is continuously taking in
对事件取样
sampling events through its sensory organs
等待一个合适时机在叙事中传递一些东西——
waiting to appropriate points in the narrative to deliver something,
传递一些对我们周围世界的叙述到我们显意识中
a nice narrative of the world around us into our conscious mind.
例如 在演讲中
So in the case of speech, for example,
我们没有一个音节一个音节
we don’t have an experience of
一个单词一个单词演讲的经验
every syllable by syllable, every word by word.
但有时我们有这个组块
But sometimes we have this chunking that happens.
例如 如果我说
So, for example, if I say
鼠标垫在计算机旁边
the mouse pad was beside the computer,
在这种情况下 “mouse”可能有另一个意思
in that case the mouse could have another meaning.
“mouse”可能是指啮齿动物(老鼠)
The mouse could mean a rodent
也可能是电脑的鼠标垫
or it could be the mouse pad of a computer.
但你只有看到“mouse”后面跟着的单词
But you only knew the meaning of the word mouse
也就是“mouse pad”(鼠标垫)
with the word in this case that came after the word mouse,
才能知道单词“mouse”的意思
so the mouse pad.
我本来也可以说老鼠饿了
I could have said the mouse was hungry.
因此 单词“mouse”的意思
So the meaning of the word mouse can only be understood
只能根据后面的内容来理解
based on what comes after that.
因此 当人们明白这点
So it seems that when people understand that
他们可能要等到适当的时候
they might have to wait
才能对我们所听到的东西
until the appropriate time to create a conscious perception
产生一种认知 或者有意识地解读
or a conscious interpretation of what we’re listening to.
所以我认为有越来越多的证据表明
So I think there’s mounting evidence that
意识不是我们周围发生的事情的线性记录
consciousness is not a linear flow of what’s happening around us
而是一种创造 一种叙述 一种关于我们周围发生的事情方便的叙述
but sort of a creation, a narrative, a convenient narrative of
一种通过潜意识创造观赏乐趣的方便叙述
what’s happening around us created for our viewing pleasure by the unconscious brain.

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视频概述

人们需要通过一段时间才能对我们周围发生的事情进行准确的认知,意识并不是线性的,有可能是潜意识的叙述

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