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计算机科学正在改变一切 – 译学馆
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计算机科学正在改变一切

Computer Science is Changing Everything

计算机科学正在改变着一切
Computer Science is Changing Everything
我认为十九世纪是关于工业革命的
I think the 19th century was about the Industrial
关于电 关于破坏农业社会 使其更先进
Revolution, about electricity, about disrupting the agricultural society and making it more advanced.
二十世纪是关于物理和工程 让日常生活里很多事情变得容易
The 20th century was about physics and engineering to do more things easier in
从冰箱到洗碗机
our everyday life from refrigerators to washing machines.
而二十一世纪绝对是数字时代 关于互联网
And the 21st century is definitely the digital age. It’s the Internet.
即使你想去成为一名赛车手 或打棒球
Even if you want to become a race car driver or play
或者盖房子以及其他事情 都可以通过软件实现
baseball or build a house, all of these things have been turned upside down by software.
农业
AGRICULTURE
lettucebot是一个可以感知自身环境的机器人
The lettucebot is a robot that can sense its environment.
lettucebot每小时可以看见150万植物
Every single hour this lettucebot is seeing 1.5 million plants, and it’s taking individual action
并对这些植物采取独特的行动
on those plants.
我们来帮助莴苣种植者在他们的地里提高产量
We enable lettuce growers to have higher yields in their field by helping
降低成本 用可持续的方法生产食物
make it cheaper, by helping produce food in a more sustainable way, and that wasn’t previously
如果没有计算机科学与技术 这些在以前不可能实现
possible without computer science and technology.
时尚
FASHION
我的工作是编写Polyvore 很有趣
I have a really fun job where we build Polyvore,
它结合了所有我喜欢的事情 包括编程
which kind of combines all my favorite things, so programming, as well
时尚 艺术 设计 和购物!
as fashion, art, design, and shopping!
你今天用到的商品 有一半是你手机上的软件商品
Half the products you use these days are software
所以如果你想干些有趣的事情
products that you play with on your phone and so if you want to build something cool
你必须了解编程
you need to know programming.
有太多事情你可以用计算机科学来完成
There’s so many things you can do with computer science so
如果你逆向推理那些有趣的事情 你想搞清楚它们是什么
if you just work backwards from the cool thing you want to build and you figure out what
很多时候计算机编程就是它的一部分
that is, a lot of times computer programming is part of that.
所以你应该学习这门技术
So you should learn this skill.
医学
MEDICINE
激动人心的是 我们正在开发的技术
It’s really exciting right now, the technology that we’re developing
在十年后会被你的医生用到
right now is going to be used by your doctor in the next decade.
当你生病去医院时
When you come into the
医生会让你在杯子里吐点口水
office and you’re sick, the doctor is going to ask you to spit in this cup.
我会把它
I will put
放进一个神奇的机器 它是个定序器 一个小时以后我会告诉你你的情况
it into this magic machine which is a sequencer and in an hour I can tell you what you have
或者说你哪里不太好
or what’s wrong with you.
如果我们正在寻找一种新病毒 比如 我们会下载
So if we’re looking for a new virus, for example, we’ll download
一个数据库里所有已知病毒
a database of all the viruses that are known.
我们可以寻找感兴趣的序列
We’ll search for our sequence of interest
而不是整个数据库里的所有病毒
against a whole database of all viruses.
所以你仍然需要一些人来分析数据
So you still need somebody to analyze the data;
计算机还不够聪明
the computer is not smart enough yet.
能量
ENERGY
我们的软件可以帮助人们节约能量
Our software helps people save energy
从而减少碳排放
and thereby reduce their carbon emissions.
目前为止 我们已经节省了超过8太瓦小时
To date, we’ve saved over 8 terawatt hours,
也就是相当于110万辆汽车在路上跑
which is the equivalent of about 1.1 million cars on the road.
当你进行预测时
When you’re forecasting
风有太多不同的参数
the wind there are so many different parameters that go into it, it would be impossible for
一个人是没有办法完成计算的
a human to sit down and do all those calculations.
所以我们需要一个计算机模型来预测
We need a computer model in order to forecast it.
公共安全
PUBLIC SAFETY
我写扫描图片的软件 来侦测出不好的图片 那些我们已知的违法的图片
I write software which scans images–looking for bad images, images that we know are illegal.
我与国家失踪和被剥削儿童中心等组织密切合作
I work very closely with organizations like the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.
我知道我们的工作已经改变了一些人的人生
I know that the work that we’ve done has impacted the life of people, and I feel very strongly
我对此感受很深因为有很多社会问题
about it because there are a lot of social problems right now that could really leverage
都迫切需要借助科技来解决
the use of technology.
给予那些有爱心的人工具
It’s a lot about empowering the people who are there helping the world by giving them
让他们能做到更好
the tools to be able to do better.
这是我们现在可以做到的 现有的工具有很多
That’s something that we can do right now and the tools available are huge.
艺术和娱乐
ART AND ENTERTAINMENT
艺术与科技的结合
The merging of art and technology
变得越来越有意义
is getting more and more significant now.
因为计算机和软件
Because computers and software are such an
是我们日常生活的一部分 人们意识到
integral part of our lives day to day, people are realizing that it can be quite creative
计算机做为媒介可以创造惊人的艺术
to take this medium of computers and create incredible works of art.
在Finding Nemo中
In Finding Nemo,
当Crush和Squirt和它们的朋友们飞跃澳大利亚东部时
when Crush and Squirt and all their friends are flying through the East Australian Current,
当你看到水流的图像 当看到的乌龟背面的颜色
you’re seeing images of water flowing by, you’re seeing the colors on the back of the
当你看到鱼的侧面 这些东西
turtle, you’re seeing the sides of the fish, all of those things are generated through
全都是有我们编写的数学和电脑程序生成的 然后我们把它给艺术家
math and computer programs that we write that we then give to the artist and they take that
去创造最终的图像 调整它 让它看起来漂亮 看起来有趣
to create that final image and to tweak it and make it look beautiful and look fun.
最难之处是拥有发明的才能
The crux of it is really about invention.
它是关于看待世上事物时保持不满
It’s about looking at the world and being dissatisfied
对一切事情抱有疑问
with things and questioning everything.
我一直都认为如果不会编程
I always felt like if I didn’t learn how to
就像不会阅读一样
program it would be like not learning how to read.
未来世界将会对我关闭
The future would just be closed to me.
如果你是编程专业 你会有太多的选择
If you’re in the coding profession, there’s so many things that you can do and you can
你可以从里面选一个你喜欢的学习方向
pretty much pick and choose the course you want to be in.
试想一下你可以在你的大学宿舍里
Think that you can start something
和一些以前没创立过大公司的人一起
in your college dorm room and you can have a set of people who haven’t built a big company
创造一些让上百万人每天使用的东西
before come together and build something that a billion people use as part of their daily
想想就很疯狂
lives is just crazy to think about.
这真的令人感到尊敬和惊奇
It’s really humbling and amazing.
其实就是关于
Really it’s about the
彻底改造一些事情 看它诞生在世界上直到人们使用它
chance to reinvent things and see it out there in the world and see people using it
你的生活会变得更好更有趣 因为之前没有过的东西
and having fun or having a better life because of something that wasn’t there before that
因你而出现在了这个世界上
you put in the world.
学习计算机科学 它正在改变一切
Learn computer science. It’s changing everything.

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