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感冒和流感有什么差别?

Cold vs. Flu: What's The Difference?

由Harry’s为您带来这一集的DNews
This episode of DNews is brought to you by HARRY’S.
到了感冒和流感的季节
So, it’s cold and flu season.
太糟糕了
That sucks.
当我感觉难受的时候 我不能分辨自己是普通感冒还是得了流感 这真的重要吗?
But whenever I feel crappy, I can’t tell if I’ve got the cold, or the flu — does it matter?
普通感冒和流感有什么区别呢
What’s the difference?!
当我咳嗽或者头疼了几天的时候 我经常假设这些症状会自己消失
When I get a cough, or a headache or whatever for a few days, I always assume it will go
或者觉得自己仅仅是得了普通感冒…但是 有时…其实是得了流感
away, or that I just have a cold… but sometimes… it’s the FLU!
即使药物对普通感冒和流感都有效 这两者其实是完全不同的
Even though the medicine says its for both the cold and the flu, they’re entirely different
病毒
viruses.
普通感冒可以由二百多种不同病毒引起
The common cold is caused by over 200 different viruses!
冠状病毒 鼻病毒 偏肺病毒 肠病毒和副流感病毒
Coronaviruses, rhinoviruses, metapneumoviruses, enteroviruses and parainfluenza viruses all
所有这些病毒都可以列出一个列表出来 但是他们真的是完全不同
make the short list; but they really are all different.
这就是我们为什么不能”治愈”普通感冒
This is why we can’t “cure” the common cold.
流感则是由流行性感冒病毒引起的
The flu, on the other hand, is caused by influenza viruses.
这些呼吸系统病毒入侵人体并且不断繁殖引起相似的症状
These respiratory viruses invade the body and set up shop and cause very similar symptoms,
因为人的身体只有有限的手段来对抗这些病毒
because the human body only has so many ways to fight.
当你的身体被其中一种病毒入侵 每次都会产生相似的症状
When your body is invaded by a virus, chances are you’ll get the same symptoms every time,
干燥或者喉咙痛 咳嗽并且打喷嚏 轻度发烧 鼻子不通畅 或许还会头痛
dry or sore throat, coughing and sneezing, mild fever, congestion and maybe a headache.
非常标准的感冒症状
Pretty standard stuff.
如果症状较重 你会感到身体疼痛并且四肢乏力
If it’s REALLY bad, you’ll get aches and pains and exhaustion too.
发生这些症状表明你的身体正在与病毒感染进行抗争
This happens because your body is spending resources fighting off the viral infection.
通常来说 流感要坏于普通感冒 发烧更厉害 四肢乏力更加明显
In general, flu is worse than the common cold, the fever is higher, the aches and level of
咳嗽也咳的更厉害
exhaustion are more pronounced, and the cough can be more intense.
然而 几乎没有能够分辨两种感染的方法
While there’s almost no way to tell the difference between the two infections… colds tend to
普通感冒发烧一般不会超过38度 会引起喉咙发炎和流鼻涕
produce a fever less than 101 (38C), affects the throat and cause a runny nose.
流感会感染肺部和关节 所以你可能会感到更加痛苦
The flu, affects the lungs and the joints — so you’re likely to feel more achy than
而不只是流鼻涕
leaky.
区别不同之处是一个方面 一旦被病毒感染
Telling the difference is one thing, but once you’re infected you only have a couple days
你只有几天的时间来获得治疗
to get treatment.
四十八小时后 病毒将停止繁殖 开始肆虐发作
After the first 48 hours, the infection has usually stopped multiplying and is wreaking
蹂躏你的身体
havoc on the body instead.
无论怎样 感冒症状一旦开始 就没有简单的治愈办法
Regardless, once symptoms start for viral infections, there’s no simple cure.
抗生素将没有帮助 它只对细菌感染有效 对病毒感染无效
Antibiotics WILL NOT HELP, because they fight BACTERIA not VIRUSES.
病毒感染期间服用抗菌药物是没有效果的
Taking an antibacterial drug during a viral infection is pointless.
事实上 许多针对感冒和流感的治疗方法并没有科学依据
In fact, a lot of the remedies for colds and the flu aren’t really based on… well science.
许多人服用维生素C 但是来自阿尔伯特大学的研究结果表明
Many people take vitamin C like it’s going out of style, but a study from the University
没有证据显示其有效果
of Alberta looked at results and found there’s really no evidence that it helps.
研究结果显示 对马拉松运动员之类的体力消耗过大使免疫系统作出让步的可能会有帮助
Results suggest it MIGHT help with marathon runners who have compromised immune systems
但是 即使这样帮助也是微乎其微的
due to exhaustion, but even then it’s a minor help.
当我感觉病了的时候 我喜欢补锌 这是有科学依据的
I like to take zinc when I’m starting to feel ill, and science DOES support that.
锌被人体免疫细胞作为催化剂 所以当你补充锌的时候
Zinc is used by human immune cells as a catalyst, so when you boost the amount of zinc your
免疫细胞可以更好的保护身体 但是太多的话也会造成损害
所以补锌不能过量
immune cells can protect the body a bit better, but too much can damage it — so don’t overmedicate.
总之 普通感冒将会持续十天左右 而流感将会持续三周
In the end, a cold will persist for 10 days, while some flu symptoms will persist for three
流感病毒被消灭后症状还是会持续一段时间
weeks; long after the influenza virus has been eradicated.
如果你想避免生病 可以接种流感疫苗
If you REALLY want to avoid getting sick, get a flu vaccination.
每年只有30%的成人接种疫苗
Only 30 percent of surveyed adults get vaccinated year over year.
每年研究人员会根据大量数据预测哪种流感病毒将会爆发 从而研制相应的流感疫苗
Flu vaccines are made every year by specialists who use massive datasets to predict which
流感病毒有不止一种的突变
influenza viruses will dominate this season — see, there’s more than one mutation, and
它们争相变得更厉害去感染人体
they vie for power and bodies to infect.
2014年的流感疫苗可以预防A型H1N1和H3N2流感病毒感染 也可以预防一些
The 2014 flu vaccine will protect against Influenza A H1N1 and H3N2, as well as a couple
B型流感病毒
influenza B viruses.
你也许对H1N1病毒有所了解 自从2009年意外的爆发后时至今日依然可以看到这种病毒感染
You might recognize H1N1, we’re still seeing that left over from 2009’s unexpected flu
流行传染
epidemic!
够疯狂吧?
Crazy right?
的确如此 普通感冒和流感病毒是要有区别的 但是你如果感染了二百多种感冒病毒中的一种引起身体难受
So yes, there IS a difference between colds and flu, but if you catch one of the over
最好的应对方法就是多喝水
200 viruses that cause these crappy feelings the best way to handle it is to drink fluids
保持自己身体不缺水 同时多休息
and help keep yourself hydrated and rest.
如果你多喝热鸡汤 就可以减轻免疫系统对营养需求的压力
If you minimize nutritional strain on your immune system by enjoying warm chicken soup
让免疫系统自己工作 你将很快好起来
and let your immune system do it’s work, you’ll be fine.
同情心也是可以帮助自己好起来的 研究表明 有家人关心的或者是医生比较有同情心的病人
Empathy can also help, studies have shown people who have families or even an empathetic
恢复的要比没有朋友关心的人更快
doctor recover faster than those who don’t so help out a friend if they’re sick, but
但是不要自我怜悯
don’t catch it yourself.
如果你坚持想要服药缓解流感和普通感冒的症状
If you insist on medication, decongestants and antihistamines will treat the symptoms
再次重申 抗菌药是无效的
of both cold and flu, but again — don’t take antibacterial meds unless you know it’s a
除非你知道确实是细菌感染 如果是的话 医生会告诉你的
bacterial infection — that’s something a doctor can tell you.
说一些收纳盒里其他的事情 如果你想买一个好的剃刀
And speaking of stuff you keep in the medicine cabinet, if you’re looking for a good razor
来修面试试Harry’s的剃刀吧
to shave with try Harry’s!
Harry’s是由几个喜欢修面的小伙最先成立的 他们买了一个剃刀工厂
Harry’s was started by a couple guys who liked shaving so much that bought a razor factory
来生产他们自己的剃刀
to make their own.
他们的剃刀价格便宜 送货上门 物美价廉 功能良好
They’re cheap, they show up at your door, and they’re sharp both in look and… well,
刀片锋利
sharpness.
快上Harrys.com首次购买使用优惠码DNews可以节省五美元
Just go to Harrys.com and use the promo code DNews to save $5 off your first order AND
同时也是对节目的支持
you’ll be supporting the show.

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