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大厨回答人们最关心的问题 – 译学馆
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大厨回答人们最关心的问题

Chefs Answer Commonly Googled Questions About Cooking

– How do chefs stay thin?
大厨是如何保持瘦身的呢?
Some chefs do coke.
有些厨师会吸可卡因
[laughing]
[笑]
[chill music]
[舒缓音乐]
– Hey guys, my name’s Joe Sasto.
大家好 我是Joe Sasto
I’m a chef here in Los Angeles, California.
我是一名在加利福尼亚洛杉矶 工作的厨师
– Hi, I’m Jedalyn.
嗨 我是Jedalyn
And I am a pastry chef based in Highland Park, California.
我是一名在加利福尼亚高地公园 工作的糕点师
– And today we’re going to be answering
今天我们将会回答
some of the most commonly googled questions about cooking.
最常在谷歌上被搜索的一些烹饪问题
Why do you cook lobsters alive?
为什么你们直接烹饪活龙虾?
– We cook lobsters alive because if you cook them dead
我们烹饪活龙虾是因为 如果煮的时候是死龙虾
they do not taste good
尝起来味道会不好吃
and you want your seafood to be as fresh as possible.
你也想海鲜要尽可能的新鲜
– You can kill it humanely right before it goes into the water,
在龙虾进入锅前 你可以很人道地杀死它
but you don’t wanna buy ever dead lobster.
但不要买已经死了的龙虾
What is the best cooking oil?
哪一种食用油品质最好?
I think it depends what you’re going to be cooking.
我认为这取决于你要烹饪的是什么东西
– Avocado oil has a pretty high smoke point,
鳄梨油有相当高的发烟点
so generally that would be the type of oil
所以通常这种油
that you should be using at your house.
可以用于家庭烹饪
– Grape seed oil is a great neutral oil
葡萄籽油是一种很好的中性油
for high temperature cooking, searing, sauteing.
可以用于高温烹饪 烧烤 煎炒
– And olive oil is just all purpose and it’s good for you.
橄榄油通用性强 同时对健康有益
– Or, you know, if you’re trying to be a little more frugal,
或者 如果你想节俭一点的话
canola oil works just as well when cooking.
也可以用菜籽油做饭
How do chefs stay thin?
大厨是如何保持瘦身的?
– [laughing]Not every chef is thin, first of all.
首先 并不是每个大厨都是瘦的
– I think that the chefs that are the thinnest are probably the
我觉得身材最瘦的大厨们可能
ones that try to balance their kitchen life with their personal life,
尽力平衡着自己的厨房工作和个人生活
so they actually work out and run a lot.
所以他们确实常常健身跑步
I know a lot of chefs that are runners,
我认识很多喜欢跑步的大厨
early, early in the morning.
很早就起来锻炼
– There’s a lot of time spent on your feet,
你大部分时间都是站着的
a lot of time running around,
经常到处走动
a lot of time eating out of a deli container,
总是吃盒饭
and skipping meals not even realizing it.
甚至忙到忘记吃饭
You’re working long hours and, you know,
你要工作很长时间
often you won’t eat during those long hours.
而且 在工作期间里 你不能吃东西
– And some chefs do coke.
有些大厨会吸可卡因
[laughing]
[笑]
– What is the healthiest way to cook an egg?
怎样烹饪鸡蛋是最有益健康的?
I think any cooking method that would use no additional fat.
我认为就是任何不用额外脂肪的烹饪方法
So you can hard boil it, you can poach it,
所以你可以用沸水煮透 水煮
you can soft boil it.
也可以小火慢煮
– A 68 degree egg,
在68摄氏度的温度条件下烹饪鸡蛋
your egg yolk should not be cooked all the way.
这样蛋黄无论如何都不会熟透
It should still be a little bit gooey,
吃起来会有点黏
and yummy, and a little bit soft.
而且很美味 还有点软糯
So like a soft boiled egg is pretty healthy I would say.
我认为这样温和煮熟的鸡蛋非常有益健康
– [Joe] How do chefs use math?
大厨怎样在做菜时运用数学计算?
– Oh, okay, that’s a good question.
好吧 这是个好问题
– That’s great, great question.
这真是个很好的问题
I hate math.
我讨厌数学
– I’m not really a math person,
我真的不擅长数学计算
but chefs definitely use math in the kitchen.
但大厨们确实要在厨房中运用数学计算
If you have to double or triple the recipe,
如果你要做两倍或三倍量的菜
or reduce it by half, math goes into that.
或者减半时 就要用到数学计算
And the next thing you know,
之后你会发现
you’re doing math very quickly in your head.
你头脑中会快速进行数学计算
– Chefs use math for percentages.
大厨们会用数学计算得到百分比
Oftentimes recipes will have a percent of hydration for doughs,
食谱一般都会标明 做面团所需水量的百分比
a percent of salt for cooking or brining.
烹饪或盐浸所需盐量的百分比
So the biggest way that chefs use math
所以大厨使用数学计算最大的用途
is to figure out the percentage of something.
就是弄清烹饪中所需物的百分比
How much salt percentage in a water brine?
盐浸处理要放多少比例的盐?
How much vinegar percentage in a pickle?
腌制时要放多少比例的醋?
Or how much pepper percentage in a sausage?
或者 烹饪香肠时要放多少比例的胡椒粉?
I would definitely say that
我承认
my math has gotten better being a pastry chef
成为一名糕点师确实使我的计算能力提高了
because doing pastry and desserts requires a lot more
因为糕点和甜品的制作会比其他烹饪类型
measurement and precision than other types of cooking.
在测量数据和精准度上有更高的要求
– [Joe] Should you cook for your dog?
你需要为你的狗狗做饭吗?
– Yes, if you have the time
会的 如果有时间的话
I highly recommend cooking for your dog.
我很推荐为狗狗做饭
Dogs are animals and they need protein and fat.
狗狗是需要补充蛋白质和脂肪的动物
And if you can cook for them that’ll be much better
如果你能为它们做饭的话 那就更棒了
because then you are making sure,
因为这样你就能确保狗狗的食物里不会有
just like with human food,
任何化学添加剂和防腐剂
that there are no chemicals and preservatives.
就像给人吃的食物一样
– You can cook for your dog.
你可以给狗狗做饭
You don’t need to cook for your dog.
但其实没有必要这样做
If you’re cooking for your dog, make sure it’s cooked well done.
然而如果你要为狗狗做饭 就要确保能做好
That you don’t add any salt,
不要加盐
that you don’t add any oil,
不要加油
that you don’t add anything.
不要加任何狗狗不能吃的东西
I hear dogs really like eggs and plain rice.
我听说狗狗很喜欢吃鸡蛋和白米饭
I think that’s probably the most commonly cooked meal
我想这可能是我见过的
that I’ve seen for dogs.
对狗狗来说最普遍的烹饪餐
– So what I hope people will appreciate from my work
我希望你们能认可我的工作
is that I actually put a lot of love and work into making sure that
因为我确实倾注了很多心血和汗水
everything’s fully cooked, it tastes great, and looks great.
确保做好每一道菜 使它拥有很好的口感和外观
It means a lot to me to be able to give it to you
如果我给你品尝我的料理
and you just really enjoy it,
而你能真的喜欢它
and know that it was made with love.
并且知道里面充满爱意 这对我说有很重大的意义
– I use Google, the internet everyday,
我每天上网
as a source of inspiration.
把谷歌作为灵感的来源
So all in all the internet is not all bad.
所以总的来说 网上并非全是不好的东西
Use Google, take it with a grain of salt,
使用谷歌时要持保留态度
but don’t believe everything that you see on the internet.
但不要相信你在网上看到的任何事情
[jazzy music]
[爵士音乐]

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视频概述

大厨回答人们最关心的问题,比如大厨是如何变瘦的?烹饪时最好用什么油?烹饪鸡蛋最健康的方式是什么?如果你也想知道,快来看看吧!

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2J9lJ3jX5a8

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