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猎豹:全世界跑的最快的动物 – 译学馆
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猎豹:全世界跑的最快的动物

Cheetahs: The Fastest Runners in the World

吱吱和我喜欢赛跑
Squeaks and I love to race each other.
我们都跑得很快 有时候我赢有时候吱吱赢
We can both move pretty quickly, so sometimes I win, and sometimes Squeaks wins.
[吱吱叫着应和]
[Squeaks squeaks]
说得对 吱吱
You’re right, Squeaks!
上次比赛的确是你赢了 吱吱
You did win the last race, Squeaks!
你真的很快
You were really fast.
但是有一种动物比咱们俩都快:猎豹
But there’s another animal that’s faster than both of us: the cheetah.
猎豹是一种生活在非洲和亚洲的大型猫科动物
Cheetahs are big cats that live in Africa and Asia.
尽管它们看起来像大猫
But even though they might look like huge kitties,
这些大猫可一点儿也不像家猫
these cats aren’t like house cats at all.
它们是野生动物 有着惊人的技能:它们是不可思议的奔跑者
They’re wild animals, and they have an amazing super skill: they’re incredible runners!
猎豹奔跑时速可达100公里或60英里
Cheetahs can run about 100 kilometers an hour, or 60 miles an hour.
和高速公路上的汽车一样快
That’s about as fast as a car driving on the highway!
它们跑得很快 是世界上跑得最快的动物
They’re so fast that they’re the fastest runners on Earth-
远远超过世界上跑得最快的人
way faster than the fastest people can run.
它们能跑这么快是有理由的
And there’s another good reason they can run so fast!
猎豹是食肉动物 意味着要捕猎其他动物为食
Cheetahs are predators, meaning that they hunt other animals for food.
超高的奔跑速度有助于它们捕获下一餐猎物
Their quick feet help them catch their next meal.
你能想象以最快的速度捕获你的猎物吗
Can you imagine having to run at top speed to catch your dinner?
你可能很快就累了
You’d probably get tired pretty quickly.
猎豹也是
The same thing happens to cheetahs.
它们以最快速度跑一分钟左右 就会累了
It’s exhausting for them to run at full speed for more than a minute or so, so they’ll
所以它们只能以瞬间爆发的速度来捕获猎物
only chase other animals in short bursts of speed.
这意味着 为获得捕猎的最佳的机会 在发动进攻前
Which means that to have the best chance of getting their food, cheetahs use other skills
猎豹会用其他技能尽可能地靠近猎物
to get as close as they can to the animals they’re hunting before they start chasing them
比如 猎豹身上布满了斑点
One thing that helps is that cheetahs are covered in spots, which help them to camouflage,
这有助于它们伪装或者隐藏在周围的草丛中
or blend in, with the grass around them.
这样的伪装术使它们能在发动进攻前十分靠近猎物
That camouflage can get cheetahs really close to an animal before they leap out to get it.
猎豹还有其他的技能 当它们在跑的时候
And cheetahs have another special talent: while they’re running, they’re really
它们善于快速改变方向 尽可能地靠近猎物
good at changing directions quickly to stay close to the animals they’re chasing.
它们还有条特别的尾巴 能控制转动方向
They even have a special tail that helps them to steer as they run, turning in different
防止跑的过程中滑倒跌落
directions to keep them from slipping and falling.
还有什么技能可以让猎豹捕获到猎物呢 特别是
And you know what else helps cheetahs sometimes, especially when they want to take down a really
当它们想要拿下大猎物时 如角牛
big animal, like a wildebeest?
协同作战
Teamwork!
一个猎豹追赶角牛 趁角牛不注意的时候
One cheetah will start chasing the wildebeest, and then another will come in from the other
另一个突然从一旁跳出来
side while the wildebeest isn’t looking.
两头猎豹协同作战就可以捕获一顿大餐
With two cheetahs working together, they can get a huge meal!
真是了不起的协同作战 是吧 吱吱
That’s some impressive teamwork, isn’t it, Squeaks?
[吱吱叫着应和着]
[Squeaks squeaks]
所以跑得快对猎豹来说有很大的帮助
So, running really fast can be a big help for cheetahs.
但这意味着它们和其他食肉动物有一些不同的需要
But it does mean that they have some different needs than other predators.
每个猎豹有它们自己的捕猎领域
Cheetahs each have their own hunting grounds where they find their food, so they aren’t
所以并不会所有猎豹都追逐同一个猎物
all trying to chase the same animals.
因为猎豹追逐猎物时跑得非常快
Since cheetahs run so far, so fast when they’re chasing their prey, they each need a huge
所以它们需要很大的捕猎领域 以防拥挤阻碍其他的猎豹
hunting ground to avoid crowding the other cheetahs while they’re hunting.
如果它们只有一小片领域 那么当一个猎豹追逐猎物时就可能
If they had only a small space, a cheetah chasing a gazelle might run straight through
直接就闯入了其他猎豹的领域
the homes of a bunch of other cheetahs.
说到跑得快 吱吱 你做好了我们下次赛跑的准备了吗
Speaking of running fast, Squeaks, are you ready for our next race?
[吱吱叫着应和]
[Squeaks squeaks]
好的 那我们出去吧
OK, let’s head outside!
可能这堂猎豹课可以让我们跑得快点
Maybe the lessons from those cheetahs will help us go faster.
你有没有任何关于猎豹或其他动物的问题
Do you have any questions about cheetahs, or any other animal?
你能跑多快
How quickly can you run?
让大人帮你在下面留言或者发邮件到kids@scishow.com
Ask a grown-up to help you leave a comment below, or send us an email to kids@scishow.com.
在大本营里我们下次再见
We’ll see you next time, here at the fort.

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猎豹是陆地上跑的最快的动物,让我们一起来了解一下

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视频来源

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