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去看看大堡礁吧!

Check Out the Great Barrier Reef!


[前奏]
Wow, that’s is so beautiful, isn’t it, Squeaks?
哇 它美极了 对吗 Squeaks
We’re looking at pictures of a coral reef,
我们正在看的是珊瑚礁的图片
a rocky piece of ground in the ocean
它是海洋中的一块岩石
that’s made of and home to animals called coral.
由珊瑚组成 同时也为珊瑚这种动物提供家园
I wonder if this is the Great Barrier Reef.
我想知道这里是不是大堡礁
That’s the biggest coral reef in the entire world!
那是全世界最大的珊瑚礁
It’s in the ocean near the country of Australia.
它位于澳大利亚的邻近海域
See these parts of the picture.
看看图片里的这些部分
Those are the coral!
这些是珊瑚
-Squeaks squeaks -You’re right, Squeaks, coral look a lot like plants.
-Squeaks squeaks -你是对的Squeaks 珊瑚看起来很像植物
But they’re not!
但它们不是
Coral are small animals that make and live in a hard rocky material.
珊瑚是一种生活在坚硬岩石上的小动物
Instead of moving around like most animals,
它们不像大多数动物那样到处移动
they attach to the rocks and stay there for the rest of their lives.
而是附在岩石上度过一生
That’s why they might seem like plants at first,
这也是为何它们乍看起来像植物
because plants don’t move around either.
因为植物也不移动
One small part of a coral reef can have thousands of coral all living together!
珊瑚礁的一小部分就可以容纳成千上万的珊瑚一起生活
Millions of coral over thousands of years
横跨几千年的数百万的珊瑚
have made the Great Barrier Reef.
就形成了大堡礁
This huge reef is about 2300 kilometers long!
这个巨大的礁石大约有2300公里长
That’s so long that if you could drive along it in a car,
这段距离太长了 如果你开车沿着它走
it would take you almost an entire day and night!
几乎会花掉一天一夜的时间
Like all coral reefs,
和所有的珊瑚礁相似的是
the Great Barrier Reef is home to
除了大大小小的珊瑚以外
lots of different kinds of animals besides for the coral—big and small!
大堡礁还是许多不同种类动物的家园
Take for example, the dugong.
例如儒艮
These big animals eat plants—lots of plants!
这个巨大的动物食用植物——大量的植物
Dugongs spend their whole day
儒艮会用的一整天时间
looking for and grazing on the seagrasses that grow on coral reefs like the Great Barrier Reef.
在像大堡礁这样的珊瑚礁上觅食海草
If the reef didn’t exist, these gentle giants wouldn’t have enough to eat.
没了这些礁石 这些温和的大家伙就没有足够的食物
Other animals need the rocky coral reef
其他动物则需要珊瑚礁
so that they have a safe place to live — like moray eels.
来确保有一个安全的地方生活 比如海鳗
They might look fierce and dangerous,
它们可能看起来很凶猛并且危险
but they’re really very shy!
但它们其实真的很害羞
So they spend most of their time hiding in caves and spaces in the reef.
所以它们大部分时间都把自己藏在洞穴或者礁石中
[Squeaks squeaks]
Squeaks squeaks
Yes, Squeaks, just like how you’re hiding behind this desk!
是的 Squeaks 就像你藏在桌子后面一样
Still other animals use the coral reef
还有一些动物通过不同方式
to hide in a different way, like the cuttlefish.
利用珊瑚礁隐藏自己 比如墨鱼
Cuttlefish can change the color of their skin
墨鱼可以改变它们皮肤的颜色
so they look a lot like the coral reef.
所以它们看起来很像珊瑚礁
That helps the cuttlefish hide from other animals that want to eat them!
这会帮助墨鱼躲避其他想要吃掉它们的动物
The Great Barrier Reef is an important place for all of these animals,
大堡礁对于所有这些动物来说都是个重要的地方
and it’s important for people, too.
且对人类也一样
The reef helps protect Australia
礁石保护澳大利亚
from the strong waves that storms churn up from the water.
免受由风暴激起的巨大海浪
We can also make some types of medicine
我们也可以利用居住在那里的动物和植物
using the plants and animals that live there.
制造一些药品
But the ocean is changing
但海洋在变化
and that means changes for the Great Barrier Reef, too.
那就意味着大堡礁也在变化
Some things people do, like use too much electricity,
一些人类行为 如过多使用电力
make the world get a little warmer, including the oceans.
导致了包括海洋在内的全球变暖
As the ocean gets warmer,
随着海洋的变暖
coral can have a hard time getting enough food,
珊瑚很难获得足够的食物
and with fewer coral,
且随着珊瑚的数量减少
the animals that live around them
生活在它们周围的动物
have a harder time finding enough food, too.
也会很难找到足够的食物
Another problem is pollution in the ocean
另一个问题就是海洋污染
chemicals, litter, and other kinds of waste
化学物品 垃圾以及其他各种废物
that can eventually make their way into the water
最终都会进入到水中
and hurt the animals that live there.
伤害生活在其中的动物
But people are working on ways
但人们正在想方设法
to help the animals that live on and around the reef to stay healthy,
帮助生活在珊瑚礁和其周围的动物保持健康
like learning how to keep pollution from getting into the ocean.
如学习如何让污染远离海洋
And there are things that we can do to help, too
还有一些事情是无论我们在哪里
no matter where we live!
都可以帮忙做的事情
For example, things that go down drains in our sinks or bathtubs
例如 水槽或浴缸里的沉积物
can sometimes end up in the ocean.
有时可能会进入海洋
We can help keep the ocean clean by only putting things
因此 不往下水道乱倒东西
we’re supposed to down the drain.
就是在为海洋清洁出力
We can also make sure trash ends up in the garbage can or recycling bin where it belongs,
同样的 我们也可以通过确保垃圾正确分类
which helps keep it from getting into rivers or the ocean.
来令它们远离河水或海洋
There are lots of awesome living things in the ocean,
海洋里有许多奇妙的生物
and if everyone works together,
如果大家共同努力
we can help keep them healthy.
我们就可以帮助它们保持健康
Thanks for joining us!
感谢您的观看
If you want to keep learning and having fun with Squeaks and me,
如果想同我和Squeaks一起继续学习 共度美好时光
hit the subscribe button,
就点击订阅吧
and we’ll see you next time, here at the Fort!
我们下次再会

[尾奏]

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视频概述

本视频介绍了大堡礁以及依靠大堡礁生存的植物和动物,同时介绍了保护大堡礁和海洋生物的方法。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

橘苓

审核员

审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=61RzwbaSoeU

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