– I’m Coyote Peterson, and I’m about to
go underneath a prickly pear cactus to have a face-to-face encounter
with the only venomous lizard in the United States.
I absolutely love my job, all right,
this is gonna get interesting.
This morning we’re in Tucson, Arizona,
headed out into the heartland of gila monster territory, the Sonoran desert.
We have been notified by a local rancher that
one of these rare lizards has taken up residence
on a hillside of his property.
This time of day,
gila monsters will emerge from their burrows to bask in the morning sun.
What I wanna do is stay hunkered down and watch
from a distance with binoculars.
If this elusive reptiledoes indeed reveal itself,
I will have en excellent opportunity to encounter this notorious desert dweller.
To do that, I willquickly position myself
between the lizard and its burrow,
and carefully capture it with my bare hands.
This will be the best way for me to
ensure the safety of the animal, while I
show you some of its most unique qualities.
I see him.
And he’s underneath the prickly pear cactus,
which is gonna make it a little more challenging,
all right, he’s…all right he’s moving a little bit
okay, this is gonna be our opportunity, Chance, you go
up this way, Mark, follow me.
它就在那儿 你看见它了 对吧
There he is right there,you see him, okay.
到这来 看 你能看到他在喘气
From back here, look,you can see him puffing.
– [Crewman] Yeah.
– You see histongue sticking out?
就在那里 看看他的头 在阳光下
Right there, look at hishead, right in the sunlight.
And what I wanna do is carefully walk
my way behind the lizard, try to create a barrier between it and its den.
它要转身回它的巢穴了 好了 我要行动了！
It’s turning backtowards its den, okay, I’m just gonna go.
– All right, herewe go, there he is.
All right, I got the denbehind me at this point.
Now I’m gonna do, issafely and gently,
grab ahold of him right behind his head,
so that I don’t risk getting bit.
All right, ready?
– [Crewman] Yup.
– Okay, got him.
Look at him, wow!
Totally worth the stakeout.
And that is the gila monster.
The only venomous lizardin the United States.
These reptiles typicallyare not very aggressive,
it is not very often that people are bitten by gila monsters.
And they say that only a fool who mishandles a gila monsters,
ever receives a bite.
Now what’s really interesting about the tongue of the gila monster is it’s forked,
just like a snake.
They run that over what’scalled the Jacobson’s organ,
on the top of the skull, in the roof of the mouth.
And that’s like this gila monster’s little personal computer,
that’s bringing all sorts of chemicals from
potential prey, predators, and its environment.
Now the venom glands on this lizard are in the lower jaw.
Your scales on the outside, and below that are four venom glands.
When they actually find something that they’re going to capture, bite,
those teeth that theyhave are not like fangs.
它们牙齿很长 有点儿锋利 像怪兽的牙齿
They’re these long, kindasharp, monster-looking teeth,
and when they grab ontosomething, they gnaw and gnaw.
And that gnawing works thevenom into their saliva,
and then into their victim.
Now the scientific name of the gila monster, Heloderma, means nail-studded skin.
This lizard is absolutelybuilt for this desert terrain.
All these little bumps running down his back are actually little osteoderms,
and osteoderms are little tiny pieces of bone covered in scale.
Now this guy pretty much has a bullet proof vest on his back.
Gila monsters are incrediblyintelligent reptiles.
They will often followthe trail of a mammal,
and go right back to its burrow.
Now if that mammal has babies in the burrow, he’s got lunch.
If it doesn’t have any babies,
they will actually remember where that burrow was at, and return several times until
there’s somethingin there to eat.
And then of course,they have their meal.
If you’re unfortunate enoughto be bitten by a gila monster,
it’s gonna be one of the most painful
experiences you’ve ever gone through, and the only
way to get this reptile off of you
is to actually submergeit into a bucket of water.
一旦它松口了 还是要记得 它是有毒的
Once it lets go, remember,this is venomous,
and you’re gonna wanna get
yourself to the hospital as soon as possible.
The venom’s not as potent as a rattlesnake,
but I’ll tell you what, they say it’s about
as painful as lava coursing through your veins.
Wow, what an incredible encounter,
with the only venomous lizard that lives in the
United States, one of my favorites.
But I wanna know whatyour favorite lizards are.
Leave me your list in thecomment section below.
我是狼叔 始终勇敢 保持野性
I’m Coyote Peterson,be brave, stay wild.
We’ll see ya onthe next adventure.
All right, I’ma put this guy up in the shade
so that he can cool off back in his burrow,
and we’re gon na go get some ice cream.
It’s scorching out here.
If you thought thisepisode was fascinating,
make sure to go back and
watch my most painful encounter of all time,
as I get the camera too close,
and am accidentallybitten by a gila monster.
And don’t forget, subscribe
so you can join me and the crew on this season of Breaking Trail.