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If you own a car, odds are you’ve had to have something on it repaired.
They’re big, complicated pieces of machinery powered by tiny explosions.
Stuff is gonna break sometimes.
But just because they’re complicated doesn’t mean there’s nothing you can do about it!
Basic preventative maintenance is easy, and if you keep on top of it, it will save you
lots of money in the long run.
Also… keep you safe.
[whispering] Don’t die.
It’s like your body: it needs a checkup at the car doctor every once in awhile, but
it also needs some everyday care to keep running at peak capacity.
And if you catch potential problems early, it’s a lot cheaper and easier to take care
of them than waiting until something is totally broken.
So we’re going to go over a few things you can do once a month or so to keep your car
in tip-top shape.
Step One: Do a general visual and auditory inspection of your car.
This one’s the easiest.
Do all your lights turn on?
Do your wipers wipe?
Is there a giant rusty hole where your door used to be?
How does the engine sound when it’s running?
Are there any strange clicks or clunks?
Don’t take it for granted that you’ll notice all those things in day-to-day operation.
Most of the time you probably just beeline straight for the driver’s seat and Taylor
Swift’s blasting out your car stereo before the engine even turns over, so you may not
see or hear these issues until you look for them.
Some problems can and should be taken care of yourself, like changing your windshield
If you need to change them, make sure to look up what sizes you need.
Some cars actually require different sized wipers for each side of the windshield!
Most auto parts stores will have a catalogue—either a book or a little computer station—where
you can look up what parts go to your car, be it the windshield wipers or a headlight,
or even a battery.
如果没有目录 或者你看不懂 就让员工
If there’s no catalogue, or if you’re having trouble with it, just ask an employee
That’s what employees are for, it’s what they do, they help people.
They will be able to point you in the right direction.
不管怎样 你要知道的就是你的车的生产公司 福特还是道奇
Either way, all you need to know is what company made your car—say, Ford or Dodge—, what
车的类型 比如赛百灵或花冠 还有车的生产年份
kind of car it is—like a Sebring or a Corolla—, and what year it was made.
All of that should be on your registration, which should be in your car, ‘cause they
ask for it when they pull you over, and they want it to be in there.
Windshield wipers are pretty easy, but a lot of times the problems you’ll notice upon
inspecting your car will be better handled by a professional.
Changing a headlight or tail light isn’t too hard if the bulb is burned out—I had
我有过一辆沃尔沃240 当时几乎每六个月就要更换前灯 我不知道为什么 不过
a Volvo 240, I had to replace the headlight, like every 6 months I don’t know why, but
我做到了 做的很好 而且很便宜 但如果是线路问题 最好还是
I did it, and it was fine, and really cheap— but if it’s a wiring issue, that is a professional
Also check under the car for any leaks.
Leaks are bad.
Get leaks checked. It’s bad for the environment, and bad for your car.
Step Two: check your tires!
轮胎很重要 它让你的车……能称之为车 所以最好还是
Tires are kind of important for making your car …into a car, so it’s good to keep
an eye on them.
Low air pressure in your tires will devastate your gas mileage and cause a lot of wear at
最坏的情况 会让车更难控制 并且会损坏车的其他部分
At worst, they can make the vehicle harder to control and damage other parts of the car.
Keeping the tires inflated properly is just a good idea all around.
You can check your air pressure using a gauge.
Those fun little gauges where the little stick pops out the bottom: they are pretty inaccurate,
so try to not use those.
You can still pretend they’re tiny lightsabers if you want, though.
For your tires, though, only the best.
Spend the fifteen bucks and get a dial gauge.
To use it, press the gauge onto the tire’s valve stem.
It will turn the dial to a number.
That number is in PSI if you’re in the US.
如果不在美国 那就是千帕或者巴 或千克/平方厘米
If you’re not in the US, it’s going to be kPa, bar, or maybe even kg/cm2.
Either way, it should fall within a range dictated by your car manufacturer.
如果你不知道那个数字是什么 这很正常 你可以在
If you don’t know what that number is, because why would you, you can find it either in the
manual or printed on a sticker inside the edge of the driver’s side door, or you can
look it up on the internet.
There’s also a number on your tire—that’s the maximum pressure the tire is rated for,
and you should never go over that.
如果超了 那你很有可能经历车胎爆炸 汽车失控
If you do, you’re more likely to suffer a blowout and lose control of the car.
所以呢 就每次给轮胎充一点气 直到达到需要的气压为止
So just fill the tire up a little at a time until you get it where it needs to be!
If your pressure is too high, just push the little tab inside the valve stem and it should
let some of the air out.
The other thing you should check on your tires is how deep the tread is.
An easy way to check tread depth is to use a penny.
Stick it in the tread upside down, and if you can see all of Lincoln’s head then you
need new tires, Lincoln is not going deep enough into that tire there, it’s the only
use for a penny that I’ve ever found.
Now it’s tempting to let them ride like that considering how expensive tires can be,
but letting your treads get that low reduces your traction significantly and makes it more
likely that a tire will pop.
You don’t want to accidentally Tokyo Drift your whole way to work on a blown-out tire
the next time it rains or snows, so get those changed ASAP.
Unless you want to intentionally Tokyo Drift your way to work, in which case you’re probably
going to go to jail.
Also remember to have your tires rotated by a mechanic every six months.
The treads wear out differently depending on where on the car the tire is, so rotating
keeps the wear even and you have to replace them less frequently.
And see, all this is why keeping up on the tires is important.
Too much air?
Treads too worn out?
Driving a 2-ton hunk of metal and rubber can be dangerous.
Step Three: check your emergency supplies.
It’s probably good to have emergency supplies in your vehicle: a spare or donut tire, a
撬胎棒 千斤顶 充电电线 水 道路信号灯 猫砂之类的
tire iron, a jack, jumper cables, some water, road flares, kitty litter—that sort of stuff.
Maybe even a machete if you’re worried about zombie problems.
Even if you think you have all of it, it never hurts to check!
Maybe a friend or family member borrowed something or used something and forgot to replace it,
or maybe your spare tire has a slow leak.
Or maybe you have a weird car like one of those ‘60s Volkswagen bugs where the windshield
wipers use the air from your spare tire to spray your washer fluid.
That’s a real thing.
Who came up with that?
The worst time to find stuff like that out is when you need that spare the most, so make
所以确保应急设备都在 充足 随时可以用
sure your supplies are there, they’re plentiful, and they’re ready in case you need them.
Now, you may have noticed that we left out some important stuff: digging around under
We’ll be covering that in part 2.
在此期间 一定要去看看其他视频 包括
While you wait, be sure to check out other other videos, including one about cleaning
A car that runs great deserves to look great too.
You might even awaken a latent car-person hiding inside you.
If you do, be sure to let them out.
It’s dark in there.
So clearly you like learning about stuff, that’s why you’re here at How to Adult.
If you want to learn more about adulting, you can check out Skillshare.
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你可以参加课程 参与项目 自己开设课程
You can take a class, try a project, you can also teach a class yourself.
You can learn from anywhere, wherever you are, if you’re on the train
在厕所里 你可以下载应用 安卓和苹果版本都有
if you’re on the toilet, you have an app for iPhone or Android
You can check in your classes even if you’re offline.
If you’re an artist or crafter, here’s popular course that can get you started selling your art on Etsy
If you’re looking for a side hustle, here’s a class that will help you get into freelance work
There’s a lot to learn in the worlds of business, and technology, and lifestyle.
Skillshare is a great place to get quality training and tips online.
The first 500 users to click the link in the description will get a free 2-month trial.
Just check out the classes, see what’s available.
—printed on a sticker inside the driver’s side edge of the driver’s side door
inside the edge of the driver’s side—driver’s side door.
You can have a donut tire—an actual donut…
Or maybe you have a weird car, like one of those 1960s Volkswagen Bucks.
Now you may have noticed that we left out some important stuff
Ahh lahh—digging around under the hood.
The worst time to find out stuff like that is when you need your spare the most, so
make sure your supplies are there, they’re plentiful
And they’re ready in case you’re [indecipherable]
车辆维护 Pt. 1：基本维护