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你能解决这个心理学问题吗?

Can You Solve This Psychology Riddle?

来吧 心理学!
Psych2Go
心理学小科普
Bite Size Psych
不超过5%的人能解答下面的问题
Less than 5 percent of people can solve the following riddle.
桌子上有4张牌
You’re shown four cards on the table,
每张牌的一面是1个数字
for each card, one side has a number,
另一面是彩色的
and the other side is colored.
牌下面写着1条规则
Below the cards is a rule.
如果某张牌一面是偶数
If a card has an even number on one side,
另一面一定是红色
it must be red on the other.
有一张牌打破了这条规则
Now one of these cards breaks this rule,
你的任务就是找出这张牌
and your job is to fish it out.
你可以翻转任何一张牌
You can turn over any card you want,
但如果你翻到的这张牌不是要找的那张牌
but if you choose a card which doesn’t need to be inverted,
就会算作一次失败
this will count as a fail.
你要翻转哪一张或者哪些牌呢?
Which card, slash cards, must you turn over?
现在可以暂停视频来思考一下
Pause the video now to think about it.
正确答案是翻转有数字8的牌和蓝色牌
The correct answer is to turn over the “8” and the “blue” card.
记住规则是:
Remember the rule was:
如果牌的一面是偶数
if the card was even on one side,
另一面一定有红点
it must have a red dot on the other.
因为这条规则只和偶数有关
Since a rule is only about even numbers,
我们不需要考虑写着偶数的牌
we don’t need to worry about cards with odd numbers.
普遍的错误是选择红色牌
Now a common mistake is to choose the red card,
但如果你翻转了红色牌 看到了基数
but if you turn over the red card and it has an odd number,
这其实并没有打破规则
this doesn’t actually break the rule.
规则是当牌面为偶数时 它是不是红色
The rule was only if a card is even, did it have to be red?
因此 你要看看标“8”的牌 确保它是符合规则的
So you need to check the “8” to make sure it’s right,
而且你要查看下“蓝色”牌
and you need to check the “blue” card to
确保另一面不是偶数
make sure there’s not an even number on the other side.
这可能有点混乱
This might be a little confusing,
但这个问题的有趣之处在于
but what’s interesting about this riddle is
它有很多变形
that there are many variations
其中有些比较容易
and some are much easier to get than others.
比如 试试这个
For example, try this one.
你还是有4张牌
You’re given four cards again,
这回4张牌代表了4个在派对上喝酒的人
but this time the four cards represents four people drinking at a party.
一面是年龄
One side has a person’s age,
另一面是一种饮料
and the other side has a drink.
规则是 如果低于18岁
The rule is if you’re under 18,
是不能喝酒的
you’re not allowed to drink alcohol.
那么 你应该翻转哪些牌呢?
So which cards should you turn over?
现在可以暂停视频思考一下
Pause now to think about it.
正确答案是翻转标有“16”和“酒”的牌
The correct answer is “16” and “alcohol”.
同样的 我们并不关心“41岁”
Once again we don’t really care about the “41-year-old”
或喝“苹果汁”的人
or the person drinking “apple juice”.
我们关心的是
All we care about is
“16岁”这个人是否喝酒了
whether the “16-year-old” is drinking alcohol,
自己拿着“伏特加”的人是不是超过18岁
and if the person holding “vodka” is older than 18.
人们在这个版本表现更好 但为什么呢
People tend to be better at this version, but why.
其实前后两个版本的逻辑完全相同
The logic behind it is the exact same.
一种解释是人们还没有发展到
One theory is that humans didn’t evolve
能解决生硬的逻辑问题 比如第一个版本
to solve logical problems in the cold, hard way of the first problem.
相对的 我们是社交型生物
Instead, we’re social creatures,
因此如果含有社交的内容 解答起来会更容易
and as such are much better at solving problems in the social context.
那么 你解出这个问题了吗?
So how did you go with these riddles?
如果你是内容创造者
Also if you’re a content creator,
你可能还没有
it’s probably not likely that
发展到能在线上追溯到所有工作
you’ve evolved to track all of your work online.
Copypants.com 能追踪你的图片
Copypants.com, tracks your images
并帮助你积极和盗取你作品的人交涉
and helps you engage positively with the people using your work.
他们是这个视频的赞助商 去看看吧
They’re the sponsors of the video, so check them out.
可以免费订阅
It’s free to sign up,
并且当你用“p2g”的代码注册时
and you can get 30 dollars of in-app credits,
还可以得到30美元注册信用分
when you register with the code “p2g”.

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视频概述

一个关于4张扑克牌和1个规则的迷题 两种版本 你能解开吗?

听录译者

小多荷

翻译译者

可可天使

审核员

审核团HL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjEEEVXqCMo

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