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你能解开巨魔悖论谜题吗? – 译学馆
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你能解开巨魔悖论谜题吗?

Can you solve the troll’s paradox riddle? - Dan Finkel

解开这个谜题后 再试着解一下附加题
你发现了一扇通向另一个世界的大门
You’ve discovered a doorwayto another realm,
此刻 你和你的弟弟开始探索这个矛盾的世界
and now you and your brother are off exploring the wonderful world of Paradoxica.
奇妙而又不可思议的生物在你周围爬行 奔跑或飞行
Fantastically paradoxical creatures crawl,run, and fly around you.
然后你看见了这个北欧神话中的巨人
And then you see the troll.
他把所有的生物都抓进了一个巨大的网里
It’s catching all the creaturesin an enormous net.
你勇敢地走上前要求巨人把这些生物都放了
You bravely step forwardand demand it let them go.
巨人大笑
The troll laughs.
“如果你对悖论感兴趣” 巨人说
“If you’re such afan of paradoxes,” it says,
“那我给你出一道悖论题
“then I’ll make you an offer.
如果你说一些真实的事儿我就放了这些生物”
If you say something true,I’ll release all these creatures.”
正当你打算说 “你是一个巨人”时
You’re about to say, “You are a troll,”
说时迟那时快 巨人抓住了你弟弟
but before you can,the troll grabs your brother.
“如果你说了假话”巨人接着说
“If you say something false,”he continues,
“那我就放了你弟弟
“then I’ll release your brother.”
你只能说一句话
Your statement canonly be a single sentence.
你也看见了 我最讨厌相互矛盾的东西了
And as you can see,I hate paradoxes more than anything.
如果你用相矛盾的话比如 ’这句话是假的’
If you try to cheatby saying something paradoxical, like,
来欺骗我
‘this statement is false,’
我会吃掉你的弟弟和这些生物”
then I’ll eat your brotherand the creatures.”
你会说什么真话或假话来让巨人
What true/false statementcan you say to force the troll
放了你的弟弟和这些奇怪的生物呢
to free your brotherand the paradoxical creatures?
如果你想自己思考答案请暂停
[Pause the video now if youwant to figure it out for yourself!]
答案倒计时 3
Answer in: 3
答案倒计时 2
Answer in: 2
答案倒计时 1
Answer in: 1
这似乎是一个不可能存在的情况
This seems like an impossible situation,
但让人惊讶的是 你可以说出
but incredibly, you can say something
一句话让巨人释放他的囚犯
that will force the troll torelease all its prisoners.
这是伟大的逻辑学家和谜题创造者Raymond Smullyan
This is an example of coercive logic,
想出的一个胁迫逻辑的例子
invented by the great logicianand puzzle creator Raymond Smullyan.
这位有窍门的Smullyan 想出的其中一句话
The trick Smullyan came up withinvolves saying a statement
其对错取决于你想要巨人怎么做
whose truth or falseness depends on what you want the troll to do.
你说的话必须要经过仔细思考
Your statement stillhas to be carefully crafted.
比如 如果你说
For example, if you were to say,
“你会放了这些生物和我的弟弟”
“You are going to free thecreatures and my brother,”
巨人会回答
the troll could respond,
“这不是真的 我只会放了你弟弟”
“ that’s false… I’m only going to free your brother. ”
同样 如果你说 “你会放了这些生物”
Similarly if you said, “You will freethe paradoxes,”
巨人会说 “对” 并放了这些生物
the troll could say, “That’s true,”and free the paradoxes.
来看看如果你说了这句话会怎样
But watch what happens if you say,
“你会放了我弟弟”
“ You will free my brother. ”
这句话不可能是假话 因为如果这句是假话
The statement can’t be false, because if it were,
巨人会遵守他自己的规则
the troll, by its own rules,
放了你的弟弟
would have to free your brother.
那就会让这句话既是真的又是假的
That would make the statementparadoxically true and false.
但是巨人讨厌悖论 所以不会想到这句话
But the troll hates paradoxes and would never willingly create one.
所以他唯一的选择就是认为这句话是对的
So his only optionis for the statement to be true.
如果 “你会放了我弟弟” 这句话是真的
If “you will free my brother” is true,
巨人就不得不放了你弟弟
then the trollhas to release your brother.
根据他自己定的规则
And by its own rules,
巨人也会因为你说了真话
the troll has to free the creatures as well,
放了这些生物
since you said a true statement.
用五个单词 就像逻辑手术刀
By wielding just 5 wordslike a logical scalpel,
强迫巨人释放他所有的囚犯
you’ve forced the trollto free all its prisoners.
巨人跺着脚愤怒地离开了
As the troll stomps off in anger,
这些生物因你为他们赢得了自由而欢呼
the paradoxes cheer you for winning them their freedom,
答应带你去楼梯口宝藏处
and promise to lead you to the treasure at the top of the stairs.
前提是你到得了那里
If you can reach it.

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如何拯救这些生物和你的弟弟

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mS5eEhLN57s

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