• #### 科普

SCIENCE

#### 英语

ENGLISH

#### 科技

TECHNOLOGY

MOVIE

FOOD

#### 励志

INSPIRATIONS

#### 社会

SOCIETY

TRAVEL

#### 动物

ANIMALS

KIDS

#### 卡通

CARTOON

#### 计算机

COMPUTER

#### 心理

PSYCHOLOGY

#### 教育

EDUCATION

#### 手工

HANDCRAFTS

#### 趣闻

MYSTERIES

CAREER

GEEKS

#### 时尚

FASHION

• 精品课
• 公开课
• 欢迎下载我们在各应用市场备受好评的APP

点击下载Android最新版本

点击下载iOS最新版本

扫码下载译学馆APP

#### 逻辑问题：如何让一架燃油不够的飞机环游地球

Can you solve the airplane riddle? - Judd A. Schorr

Professor Fukanō, the famous eccentric scientist and adventurer,

has embarked on a new challenge:

flying around the world nonstop in a plane of his own design.

Able to travel consistently at the incredible speed of one degree longitude

around the equator per minute,

the plane would take six hours to circle the world.

There’s just one problem:

the plane can only hold 180 kiloliters of fuel,

only enough for exactly half the journey.

Let’s be honest.

The professor probably could have designed the plane to hold more fuel,

but where’s the fun in that?

Instead, he’s devised a slightly more elaborate solution:

building three identical planes for the mission.

the professor’s equipped them with a few other incredible features.

Each of the planes can turn on a dime

and instantly transfer any amount of its fuel to any of the others in midair

without slowing down,

provided they’re next to each other.

The professor will pilot the first plane,

while his two assistants Fugōri and Orokana will pilot each of the others.

However, only one airport, located on the equator,

has granted permission for the experiment,

making it the starting point,

the finish line,

and the only spot where the planes can land,

take off,

or refuel on the ground.

How should the three planes coordinate

so the professor can fly continuously for the whole trip and achieve his dream

without anyone running out of fuel and crashing?

Pause here if you want to figure it out for yourself.

According to the professor’s calculations,

they should be able to pull it off by a hair.

The key is to maximize the support each assistant provides,

not wasting a single kiloliter of fuel.

It also helps us to think symmetrically

so they can make shorter trips in either direction

while setting the professor up for a long unsupported stretch in the middle.

Here’s his solution.

All three planes take off at noon flying west,

each fully loaded with 180 kiloliters.

After 45 minutes, or one-eighth of the way around,

each plane has 135 kiloliters left.

Orokana gives 45 to the professor and 45 to Fugōri,

fully refueling them both.

With her remaining 45, Orokana returns to the airport

and heads to the lounge for a well-deserved break.

45 minutes later, with one-quarter of the trip complete,

the professor and Fugōri are both at 135 kiloliters again.

Fugōri transfers 45 into the professor’s tank,

leaving himself with the 90 he needs to return.

Professor Fukanō stretches and puts on his favorite album.

He’ll be alone for a while.

In the meantime, Orokana has been anxiously awaiting Fugōri’s return,

her plane fully refueled and ready to go.

As soon as his plane touches the ground, she takes off, this time flying east.

At this point, exactly 180 minutes have passed

and the professor is at the halfway point of his journey

with 90 kiloliters of fuel left.

For the next 90 minutes,

the professor and Orokana’s planes fly towards each other,

meeting at the three-quarter mark.

Just as the professor’s fuel is about the run out,

he sees Orokana’s plane.

She gives him 45 kiloliters of her remaining 90,

leaving them with 45 each.

But that’s just half of what they need to make it to the airport.

Fortunately, this is exactly when Fugōri, having refueled, takes off.
45分钟之后 当另外两架飞机燃油即将耗尽的时候
45 minutes later, just as the other two planes are about to run empty,

he meets them at the 315 degree point

and transfers 45 kiloliters of fuel to each, leaving 45 for himself.

All three planes land at the airport just as their fuel gauges reach zero.

As the reporters and photographers cheer,

the professor promises his planes will soon be available for commercial flights,

just as soon as they figure out how to keep their inflight meals

from spilling everywhere.