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你能解开这个爱因斯坦难题吗? – 译学馆
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你能解开这个爱因斯坦难题吗?

Can you solve "Einstein’s Riddle"? - Dan Van der Vieren

在年轻的阿伯特•爱因斯坦还未颠覆物理界之前
Before he turned physics upside down,
他提出了一个能展现其才华的
a young Albert Einstein supposedlyshowed off his genius
复杂而又有一长串线索的谜题
by devising a complex riddle involvingthis list of clues.
你能耐住性子来解决
Can you resist tackling a brain teaser
这个由历史上最聪明的人提出的难题吗?
written by one of the smartestpeople in history?
我们试试看
Let’s give it a shot.
世上最稀有的鱼在城市水族馆被偷走了
The world’s rarest fish has beenstolen from the city aquarium.
警察顺着线索 追到一条有5栋同样外观的房子的街上
The police have followed the scent to a street with five identical looking houses.
但是他们没办法同时搜查所有的房子
But they can’t searchall the houses at once,
如果选错了房子
and if they pick the wrong one,
贼就会知道警察在追踪他
the thief will know they’re on his trail.
这取决于你 这个城市最棒的侦探
It’s up to you, the city’s best detective,
来解决这个问题
to solve the case.
你到现场时 警察告诉了你他们知道的一切
When you arrive on the scene, the police tell you what they know.
第一: 房子的主人分别来自不同的国家
One: each house’s owneris of a different nationality,
喝着不同的饮料 抽着不同的烟
drinks a different beverage, and smokes a different type of cigar.
第二: 每栋房子的内墙粉刷着不同的颜色
Two: each house’s interior wallsare painted a different color.
第三:每栋房里都有不同的动物 其中一个是鱼
Three: each house contains a different animal, one of which is the fish.
经过几个小时的专业调查 你收集到一些线索
After a few hours of expert sleuthing,you gather some clues.
可能看起来有很多信息
It may look like a lot of information,
但却是个清晰的逻辑链 直达最终的答案
but there’s a clear logical pathto the solution.
解答这个谜题更像是做数独
Solving the puzzle will bea lot like Sudoku,
所以你可能会发现 像这样 用网格来
so you may find it helpful to organize your information
梳理信息是很有帮助的
in a grid, like this.
在接下来的视频中 你可暂停
Pause the video on the following screen to
仔细观看线索 思索谜题
examine your clues and solve the riddle.
开始解密答案了 3 2 1
Answer in: 3 2 1
首先 根据线索8 线索9
To start, you fill in the information from clues eight and nine.
很快地 你会意识到 因为挪威人
Immediately, you also realize that since the Norwegian is
在街的尽头
at the end of the street,
那么只有一栋房子挨着它
there’s only one house next to him,
从线索14得知 这栋房子是蓝墙
which must be the one with the blue walls in clue fourteen.
线索5告诉我们 绿墙房子的主人喝咖啡
Clue five says the green-walledhouse’s owner drinks coffee.
所以中间房子的墙不是绿的
It can’t be the center house
因为你已经知道中间房子的主人喝牛奶
since you already know its owner drinks milk,
但是绿色墙的房子也不是第二栋房子
but it also can’t be the second house,
因为第二栋的墙是蓝色的
which you know has blue walls.
又因为线索4暗示
And since clue four says
绿墙的房子的左边
the green-walled house must be directly
是白墙的房子
to the left of the white-walled one,
所以绿墙房子不可能是第一栋或第五栋房子
it can’t be the firstor fifth house either.
那么只能是第四栋房子了
The only place leftfor the green-walled house
喝咖啡的人也在这个房子里
with the coffee drinkeris the fourth spot,
那么白墙房子就是第五个
meaning the white-walled houseis the fifth.
线索1 提供了国籍和颜色信息
Clue one gives youa nationality and a color.
由于现在只有中间房子缺少
Since the only column missing both
这两个方面的信息
these values is the center one,
所以中间房子一定是英国人的红墙房子
this must be the Brit’s red-walled home.
现在还没分配的颜色就是黄色了
Now that the only unassignedwall color is yellow,
黄色一定是第一栋房子的了
this must be applied to the first house,
同时线索7表明 这房子的主人抽登喜路
where clue seven saysthe Dunhill smoker lives.
线索7还告诉你
And clue eleven tells you that the owner
隔壁主人养马
of the horse is next door,
那就是第二栋房子了
which can only be the second house.
下一步就要确定
The next step is to figure out what the Norwegian
第一栋房子的挪威人喝什么
in the first house drinks.
不可能是茶 线索3表明喝茶的是丹麦人
It can’t be tea, clue three tells youthat’s the Dane.
根据线索12的每一条
As per clue twelve,
也不可能是根汁汽水 因为喝汽水的人抽蓝霸
it can’t be root beer since that person smokes Bluemaster,
又因为你已经安排了牛奶和咖啡
and since you alreadyassigned milk and coffee,
所以肯定是水了
it must be water.
根据线索15
From clue fifteen,
你会知道 挪威人的邻居
you know that the Norwegian’s neighbor,
也就是第二个房子
who can only be in the second house,
主人抽混合香烟
smokes Blends.
现在逻辑网中唯一没有
Now that the only spot in the grid
香烟和饮品的
without a cigar and a drink
就是第五栋房子
is in the fifth column,
这肯定是线索12的人的房子了
that must be the home of the person in clue twelve.
又因为只剩下第二栋房子还没确定饮品
And since this leaves only the secondhouse without a drink,
那喝茶的丹麦人一定住这里了
the tea-drinking Dane must live there.
现在 还差国籍和香烟的就是
The fourth house is now the only one
第四栋房子了
missing a nationality and a cigar brand,
根据线索13可知 抽王子香烟的德国人就住这里
so the Prince-smoking Germanfrom clue thirteen must live there.
通过排除法 你能得知 英国人抽鲍尔香烟
Through elimination, you can concludethat the Brit smokes Pall Mall
瑞典人住在五号房子里
and the Swede lives in the fifth house,
线索6和2表明
while clue six and clue two tell you
这两个人分别养鸟和狗
that these two have a birdand a dog, respectively.
线索10表明
Clue ten tells you
养猫的人的邻居是抽混合香烟的丹麦人
that the cat owner lives next to the Blend-smoking Dane,
所以养猫的人在一号房子里
putting him in the first house.
现在逻辑网里只有一个地方还空缺着
Now with only one spot left on the grid,
那么你就知道在绿墙房子里的德国人是罪犯
you know that the German in the green-walled house must be the culprit.
你和警察冲进房子 抓捕偷鱼的小偷
You and the police burst into the house, catching the thief fish-handed.
尽管上述推论直接了当
While that explanationwas straightforward,
但是像这样的解谜 通常会遇到 不知从哪条线索开始推理最终推导中断的问题
solving puzzles like this ofteninvolves false starts and dead ends.
部分技巧是使用排除法
Part of the trick is to usethe process of elimination
需要尝试多次
and lots of trial and error to hone
才能找到对的开始线索
in on the right pieces,
你处理的逻辑谜题越多
and the more logic puzzles you solve, the
你对于从哪个线索入手进行排除法的
better your intuition will be for when and where
直觉就越准
there’s enough information to make your deductions.
那么爱因斯坦真的写下了这个谜题吗?
And did young Einsteinreally write this puzzle?
可能没有
Probably not.
没有证据表示他做过
There’s no evidence he did,
一些这样提及的观点是最近才有的
and some of the brands mentioned are too recent.
但是这里的逻辑跟你解决多元方程的
But the logic here is not so different
逻辑是一样的
from what you’d use to solve equations with multiple variables,
甚至和揭示宇宙本质的逻辑相同
even those describingthe nature of the universe.

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视频概述

讲述了一整个排除法的推理过程

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

lala

审核员

审核团V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1rDVz_Fb6HQ

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