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电子游戏能使你变得更聪明吗?

Can Video Games Make You Smarter?

电子游戏可以提供一个远离现实的乐趣 虽然 他们有时候经常扮演暴力
Video games provide a fun escape from reality; though, they’re often portrayed as violent,
这个人懒惰或浪费时间 这个争论已经持续好多年了
lazy and a waste of time by some. The debate has raged on for years – So are there any
因此这样有积极的影响么 事实上 电子游戏可以让你变得更聪明吗
positive effects? Can video games actually make you smarter?
在我们享受生活之前 很有必要了解凡事过度反而有害
Before we get to have ourselves,it is important to know that too much of anything is bad
甚至是西兰花 严重的是 食用过量的西兰花实际上是有毒的
even broccoli. Seriously, extremely high doses broccoli can actually be toxic. Heck even
甚至用毒来浇灌使之存活所以如果你放纵自己并无事可做却玩电子游戏
water toxicity exist. So if you binge and do nothing but play video games, the risks
这可能弊大于利 实际上 我们有一整集录像告诉你
probably outweigh any benefits. In fact, we have an entire video devoted to what would
如果不外出会发生什么 以及坐着的消极影响 只要结合
happen if you stopped going outside, and the negative effects of sitting – link in the
说明书
description!
尽管如此 很多研究已经表明玩电子游戏后可以增加
Having said that, many studies have actually shown increases in cognitive function after
认知能力 有一项特别是对超过2个月每天玩半小时的超级马里奥64
playing video games. One study in particular had participants play Super Mario 64 for 30
的玩家的研究 研究发现这些参与者的大脑连接记忆 战略部署 和手的灵活度的灰质区
minutes a day over 2 months. Afterwards, the brains of these participants saw an increase
相对于没玩过游戏的都相应增加了
of grey matter in areas associated with memory, strategic planning, and fine motor skills
这一结果尤其
of the hands, compared to those who had not played. These are particularly encouraging
鼓励了由于精神障碍导致大脑萎缩的患者
results for mental disorders which cause these brain regions to shrink; using video games
用游戏作为一治疗手段
as a therapy.
出人意料的是 动作类游戏还能提高个体关注细节的能力
Surprisingly, action games can also increase attention to detail in individuals. Take a
看看屏幕上的下列单词然后以最快速度说出它的
look at the following words on screen, and yell out what colour the word is as fast as
颜色 绿 蓝 橙 好的 现在试试自己说得更快一点 在继续进行的时候
you can! So: green, blue, orange. Ok, now try a bit faster without me. As we continue,
这也变得更难了 因为单词本身与它的颜色
it becomes more difficult because there is a conflict between the word itself and its
是不一样的 有这样的可能 如果你一周玩动作类游戏超过5到10小时
colour. Chances are, if you play more than 5-10 hours of action games a week, you’re
你解决问题的能力就会更快 这是因为实际上你大脑
able to solve these problems much more quickly. This is because your brain is actually more
的高效区与注意力连接在一起了
efficient in the regions associated with attention.
当然了 视频游戏也可以充满教育性尽管可能你大爱那些游戏的初衷
Of course, video games can also be incredibly educational! And while you may not be playing
并不在此 但是真的有很多游戏是
some of your favourite games for this purpose, there are certainly many games that are used
老幼皆宜的高效教育工具
as effective teaching tools for both young and old.
它们可能甚至还能帮助有语言障碍的孩子更好的阅读有一个关于语言障碍孩子

They may even help kids who suffer from dyslexia read more effectively. In a small study, dyslexic
的小研究 其中玩视频游戏的孩子阅读更快更准确
children who played regular video games ended up reading faster and more accurately – once
这还是由于提高了注意力同时其他研究也表明它们对视力
again relating to improved attention skills. Meanwhile, other studies have found improvements
有帮助 不只是玩游戏的人能看清更多细节比如小字
in eyesight. Not only can they see smaller details more clearly, like tiny writing, but
他们的灰质层次更易区分 动作游戏娴熟玩家
they have an easier time differentiating levels of grey. Very practiced action gamers were
58%的人比较下来有更好的觉察力它也是很关键的
58% better at perceiving fine differences in contrast. Which is important as this is
因为它是随着年龄增长而递减的能力之一
one of the first things to diminish with age.
甚至在老年的时候 可以看见记忆力和注意力改善者 更重要的是
Even in the elderly, improved memory and focus is seen. More importantly, specially designed
专门设计脑筋急转弯视频游戏已经表明可以延缓大脑衰老
brain teasing video games have been shown to slow the aging process of the brain by
最高的可以延缓七年 这是因为它们认知复杂并且需要体力
up to seven years. This is because they are cognitively complex and require mental energy!
觉得你能关注到眼前的东西吗 盯住
Think you’re able to keep track of what’s in front of your eyes? Keep an eye on the
这里蓝色的圆圈 最后它也会像其他那些一样变成黄色
blue circle here. Eventually it will turn yellow like all the others. I will then point
然后我会指向那个圈 你要告诉我它是否原来就是蓝色的 如果你知道它不是蓝色的
to a circle, and you tell me if it was originally blue. If you knew this ball wasn’t blue, then
那你是正常人 来个难点的 一直看着这个中间的
you’re a functioning human being. But let’s make it harder. Staring at the middle of the
屏幕可以帮你锁定蓝色的圈 这个圈原来是蓝色的吗
screen can help to keep track of the blue circles. Was this circle originally blue?
如果你觉得不是 你就是对的 再来一次这次是五个咯 这个原来
If you said no, you’d be right. One more time, but with 5 blue circles. Was this one originally
是蓝色的吗 没错 结果表明 正常人可以锁定3到4个物体
blue? Yup – it was. It turns out, the average person can track about 3-4 objects, while
但是动作游戏熟练玩家可以锁定6到7个
a practiced action gamer can track around 6-7.
最后 随着医学技术的发展 外科手术被植入摄像头和远程控制系统
Finally, as technology continues to transform medicine, surgeries are being completed with
手术就跟电子游戏类似
the insertion of cameras and remote controlled tools. And these surgeries have very clear
有屏幕和控制设备 不足为奇的是
parallels to video games, with a screen and controlling device. Not surprisingly, young
早先接触过电子游戏比没接触过的医生犯的错误更少
doctors with previous exposure to video games show fewer errors and faster completion than
完成速度更快
those without.
当然了 所有这些技能你只有使用过才有用处 你一直玩游戏
Of course, all of these skills are only useful if you use them; which you can’t if all you
是没有用处的 那就不妨享受你的闲暇时光 适度游戏
do is play video games. So enjoy your down time and relax with your games in moderation,
但是出去走走也丰富你的生活因为这样才是你
but get out there and keep your life diverse as well. Because that’s how you’ll win at
赢得游戏人生的方式
the game of life.
有急待解决的问题吗 在评论处或在脸书和推特上提问
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想要了解更多幕后 预告和花絮
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看看我们的 Instagram和推特吧 订阅更多科学周刊
check out our personal Instagram and Twitter handles. And subscribe for more weekly science
的视频吧
videos.

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