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can的不同用法

Can: The Grammar Gameshow Episode 24

Hello, and welcome to today’s Grammar Gameshow!
大家好 欢迎来到本期语法游戏秀
I’m your host, Will!
我是主持人威尔
If a toucan can cancan,
如果一只犀鸟能跳康康舞
then two toucans can cancan too!
那么两只犀鸟也能跳康康舞
And of course, let’s not forget Leslie,
当然 不要忘记莱斯利
our all-knowing voice in the sky.
我们无所不知的空中之声
Hello, everyone!
大家好
Tonight we’re going to ask you three questions about…
今晚我们将问你们三个关于
Can!
Can的问题
That tiny modal verb with such a range of meanings! OK!
这个有如此多种含义的小情态动词
Now, let’s meet our contestants!
现在见见我们的选手
Hello all. My name is Bill!
大家好 我叫比尔
And contestant number two?
二号选手?
It’s nice to meet you. I’m Denise!
很高兴见到大家 我是丹尼斯
Ok, let’s get going, and don’t forget
好的 我们开始吧 不要忘了
you can play along at home too.
你们也能在家里一起玩哦
Round one.
第一轮
Can is a modal verb with many uses.
Can是一个有许多用法的情景动词
I’m going to give you the use
我会告诉你们用法
and you have to give me an example.
而你们要给我一个例子
Ready?
准备好了吗
Can for permission.
用于许可
You can sit wherever you like.
你可以坐在你想坐的任何地方
Correct!
正确
Can for a request.
用于请求
Can Dad pick me up from school today?
爸爸今天能来学校接我吗
Correct!
正确
Can for a possibility.
用于可能性
We can’t be lost! We’ve got a map!
我们不会迷路的 我们有地图
Correct!
正确
Can for an ability.
用于能力
I can hold my breath for two minutes.
我能憋气两分钟
Correct!
正确
Wow!

Two minutes, eh? Well,
两分钟诶?好的
go ahead. Prove it!
来吧 证明它
What?
什么?
Two minutes you said.
你说的两分钟
If you want any points,
如果你想要分数
you ’ re going to have to prove it.
就必须要证明它
Ready?
准备?
Go!
开始
And now for a surprise bonus question.
现在是一个惊喜奖励问题
True or false: ‘Can’ can be used to talk about
对或错:Can可用于谈论
typical or common behaviour,
特征或一般行为
just like the present simple.
就像一般现在时
It’s not two minutes yet!
现在还没到两分钟
True.

Correct!
正确
Use this sentence to give us an example:
以这个句子给我们一个例子
John is often quite rude.
约翰总是很粗鲁
John can be quite rude at times.
约翰有时会很粗鲁
Correct!
正确
It’s not two minutes yet!
还是没到两分钟
Leslie?
莱斯利?
Good job!
做得好
Can and can’t are modal verbs
Can和Can’t都是情景动词
meaning they’re always followed by an infinitive
意味着它们后总紧跟原形
and don’t change to show person or time.
且不会随人称和时间改变
They are useful verbs, and can be used to talk about permissions,
它们是很有用的动词 能用于谈论许可
requests and offers, possibility and impossibility,
请求和提议 可能和不可能
abilities and typical behaviour.
能力和特征行为
It all depends on the context!
这都取决于语境
Three… two… one! Well,
三..二…一! 好了
now that’s… two minutes! Well,
两分钟到了
well done!
干得漂亮
40 quarters of a point for you.
给你40分
On to round two.
第二轮
‘Can’ is not often used to refer to an action happening
“Can”并不经常用来指代正在讲话时
at the moment of speaking,
所发生的行为
but it can be done!
但可以是已经完成了的行为
Which type of verb when combined with ‘can’
哪种类型的动词与“Can”相结合时
allows us to talk about certain actions
能使我们谈论在讲话时
happening at the moment of speaking?
所发生的某些动作
I need to sit down.
我需要坐一下
I can see stars.
我能看见星星了
Can you hear ringing?
你能听到铃声吗
Two very good examples,
两个很棒的例子
but I’m still waiting for a verb form.
但我还在等一个动词形式
Oh!

Verbs of the senses!
感官动词
Leslie?
莱斯利?
Correct!
回答正确
The sense verbs see, hear, smell, taste and feel,
感官动词 看 听 嗅 尝和触摸
are not usually used in the continuous form
当指代生理感觉时
when referring to perception.
他们通常不用在连接形式里
When we want to talk about seeing or hearing
当我们想谈论讲话时刻
at the moment of speaking, we use ‘can’.
正在看或正在听 使用“Can”
For example, I can see my house from here!
例如 我能从这里看到我的房子
That’s why we put you there, Leslie.
这就是我们把你放在那里的原因 莱斯利
Always seeing, never reaching!
一直在看 从未触及
It keeps you hungry.
让你保持渴望
Well done, Bill.
做得好 比尔
Have 60 points divided by 60.
得60除以60分
Let’s move on to our third round.
让我们进入第三轮
And this question is worth a thousand points.
这个问题值一千分
So if you get this one, you’ll probably win the game!
所以如果你回答对这一题 你将可能赢得比赛
Which word combines with ‘can’
哪个词与“Can”结合
to produce a verb phrase which means that
产生一个动词短语 来表达
a person is unable to control themselves
一个人虽然想控制住自己
even though they want to?
但是不能
Help!
帮助!
Oh no. I’m afraid that’s not allowed.
哦不行 恐怕这不被允许
No matter what, I can’t help.
不管怎样 我不能帮忙
Not ‘help’.
不是我要帮助
Can’t help!
是can’t help
Exactly!
正是
Bill?
比尔?
The verb phrase is ‘can’t help’.
这个动词短语就是 “Can’t help”
Excellent.
完美
Can you give us an example?
你能给我们举个例子吗
I can’t help eating the occasional slice of cake.
我忍不住偶尔吃块蛋糕
Gosh!
天呐
I haven ’ t had cake since…
我没再吃过蛋糕从…
but that was such a long time ago.
反正就是很久以前了
Leslie?
莱斯利?
Well done!
做得好
The verb phrase ‘can’t help’ means that despite trying,
动词短语“can’t help”的意思是 尽管尝试了
a person is unable to resist doing something.
一个人还是无法抗拒做某事
For example, I can’t help calling towards my house,
例如 我忍不住要朝着我家叫喊
even though I know, they can’t hear me.
尽管我知道他们听不到我
You do make a racket Leslie!
你制造了扰嚷 莱斯利
It’s like music to my ears.
它就像我耳边的音乐一样
And that brings us to the end of today’s
接下来就到本期语法游戏秀
Grammar Gameshow.
的结尾部分了
Let’s count out the points.
我们来统计下分数
And the winner is…
获胜者就是…
Bill!
比尔
Well done!
干得漂亮
Here’s what you’ve won!
这就是你赢得的
It’s a can -dy cane!
一个糖杖
We ’ ll see you again next week,
我们下周还会再见到你
where you can play for another prize.
你可以在那儿赢得另一个奖品
And Denise, your can-do attitude almost saw you through.
丹尼斯 你能做的态度几乎伴你度过难关
Anything to say?
有什么要说的吗
Help?
帮助?
Sorry.
抱歉
I can’t help.
我帮不了你
Fire the cannons!
放礼炮
It looks like we’ll need another contestant.
似乎我们将需要另一位选手
Thanks for joining us.
感谢加入我们
Say goodbye, Leslie.
跟大家说再见 莱斯利
Na shledanou, Leslie.
再见 莱斯利
See you next time.
下期见

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视频概述

Can这个常见的小情景动词的用法你都了解嘛

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Sherry

审核员

审核员 HZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cO51ghRAWLI

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