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高科技运动鞋能让我跑得更快吗? – 译学馆
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高科技运动鞋能让我跑得更快吗?

Can Shoes Make You Jump Higher & Run Faster? | What The FAQs | NowThis

Can shoes really make you a better athlete?
鞋子真的能提高你的运动水平吗?
For 2050 dollars Nike claims these shoes
耐克公司声称花2050美元买到的这双鞋
can make you 4% faster
能让你的速度提高4%
Yeah, I was skeptical, too
对 我也很怀疑
For years, sneaker companies have been marketing
多年来 运动鞋公司不断地推广这些
shoes they claim that can make you be like Mike,
声称能让你像迈克尔和博尔特
known like Bo
一样出名的鞋子
and I’m still confused about the purpose of the Reebox with the pumps.
可我对锐步充气气垫还是感到疑惑
– Time out!
时间到了!
Gotta get pumped (pumping sound)
该给鞋子充气了(充气声)
I’m talking to researchers, a sports therapist,
我跟一些研究者 一位运动治疗师讨论了一下
and doing an experiment of my own to see
并且亲自做了个实验
if shoes can truly improve your performance
看看鞋子能否真的提高你的水平
and to see if any shoe is worth that kind of cash.
然后看看这些鞋子到底值不值这么多钱
鞋子能让你跑得更快吗?
Generally speaking, sneakers are make up of three components
一般来说 运动鞋由三部分组成
The upper, the midsole and the bottom.
鞋面 中底和外底
They’re designed to cater to the load they will endure,
这样的设计是为了承载重量
so sneaker makers sometimes experiment with grip strength, cushioning
所以有时运动鞋厂商会测试其抓地能力 减震缓冲
and a lot of other things to ensure better performance
和很多其它性能来保证鞋子
depending on what sport the shoes are designed for.
根据其设计目的达到效果
So basically you have an upper or
因此根本上说一双鞋要有一个鞋面或
the cloth part that wraps around your foot
一块能把你的脚包裹起来的布层
and you have a lower or a sole
还要有鞋底
that is made up of an insole which is the removable insert typically that you have in your shoe,
鞋面通常是鞋子里一块可移动的嵌入式鞋垫
the midsole which is where all the structure and cushion come
中底填满了结构和缓冲材料
and the outsole which is what makes contact with the ground.
外底则是与地面直接接触的部分
Originally released in 2017, Nike claims their shoe
2017年发布这款鞋子的时候 耐克宣称
Zoom Vaporfly 4% uses
Zoom Vaporfly 4%使用了
what they call responsive cushioning
一种叫“反应缓冲”的技术
can ensure more efficient running.
它能保证更高的跑步效率
The shoe has a carbon plate extending from your heel to your toes
这个鞋子有一块碳纤维板 从脚跟延伸到脚尖
that stores and releases energy with every stride
它可以储存和释放你每一步的能量
to propel you forward.
来推动你前进
This in theory can shave 6 minutes off a 3-hour marathon
理论上 这能让你跑3小时马拉松的时间缩短6分钟
or about 8 minutes off of a 4-hour marathon,
跑4小时则会节省大约8分钟
which equates 4% speed improvement over other Nike shoes.
等于你比穿其他耐克鞋的人快了4%
Hence the name.
故得此名
跑鞋的历史
While Nike Zoom Vaporfly 4% sounds groundbreaking,
耐克的Zoom Vaporfly 4%听起来很有突破性
it’s far from an original concept.
远远地超出我们的想象
Both Reebok and Adidas have released spring loaded running shoes
Reebok和Adidas都发行了
that use added polycarbonate or rubber
添加了聚碱酸酯和橡胶的弹簧鞋
to help you run faster or more efficiently.
来让你跑得更快或者效率更高
Inspired by all-terrain vehicles,
受全地形车的启发
Reebok’s ATV+19 promised stability
锐步ATV+19型号的鞋保证了
through mud, snow, sand and grass.
在泥地 雪地 沙地和草地的稳定性
And geared toward the casual runner.
而且对跑步业余爱好者
the Adidas Springblade used 16 blades of polymer
Adidas Springblade使用了16种聚合物刀片
that act like springs to give you added propulsion
这些刀片可以像弹簧一样
every time your shoe hits the ground.
在你每次踩到地面时给你更大弹力
#有趣的事实
Here’s a fun fact:
有趣的是
At one point, sneaker innovation got so crazy.
运动鞋创新一度进行得如火如荼
that the NBA had to ban a pair of kicks.
以至于NBA不得不禁止一些鞋子
APL’s Concept Ones were banned just before the 2010-2011 season
APL的Concept Ones在2010到2011赛季前夕就被禁了
because they used forefoot compression technology
因为他们使用了前脚掌压缩充气的技术
which its creators says can give players
创作者说这款鞋子能让运动员的
an additional vertical leaps of 3.5 inches.
垂直弹跳高度提升3.5英寸
Eventually the Concept Ones were allowed back to the league
最终Concept Ones这双鞋还是被联盟允许参赛了
but its creators say it could still be banned
创造者说这款鞋子仍有可能在
from competitive play in some schools
一些学校或者专业联盟
and some professional leagues.
的比赛中被禁用
Although Nike’s claims for this sneaker might be outlandish,
尽管耐克对这些运动鞋的宣传可能夸大其词
there is some truth behind’em
但有些宣传是事实
An independent New York Times analysis
《纽约时报》的一篇文章分析
used public records to compare more than
用一些公共数据来比较
500,000 marathon and half marathon running times.
五千多场全程马拉松和半程马拉松的比赛时长
The analysis found runners in Vaporflys
分析发现 穿Vaporflys的运动员
ran 3-4% faster than runner’s wearing any other shoe
比穿其他鞋子的人要快上3%-4%
and more than one percent faster than the next fastest running shoe.
而且比穿第二快跑鞋的人快上1%
Since I have trust issues,
不过我很难相信别人说的话
I wanted some more proof.
我想要更多证据
So we visited
所以我们拜访了
New York Dynamic Neuromuscular Rehabilitation and Physical Therapy clinic,
纽约动态神经肌肉康复和物理治疗所
a state of the art outpatient clinic that specializes
一所专门做步态分析的州立门诊
in gait analysis to run some tests.
来做一些测试
Basketball, baseball and football all require hand movements that
篮球 排球和足球都会有手部动作
are not affected by your sneakers.
但它们不会被你的运动鞋影响
So we strictly focused on running to see the correlation between footwear
所以我们把重点放在跑步时的运动鞋和
and athletic performance.
运动水平间的关系
Gait analyse is the study of human motion during running or walking.
步伐分析研究人在跑步和步行时的运动状态
It checks kinetic,which are forces exhibited during running.
它研究动力学 就是跑步时表现出的力
It checks kinematics, which are joint angles.
它还研究运动学 也就是关节
We can also check muscles, what muscles do?
我们也检测肌肉 肌肉如何工作的?
We can check pressure. We can also check your form
我们检查压力 也检查你的身体形态
and your neuromuscular control.
和你的神经肌肉控制
With markers placed on my feet, knees,hips and chest.
通过安置在我脚上 膝盖 臀部和胸部的标记
I walked, ran and jogged
当我走 快跑 慢跑时
while a computer tracked my motions.
电脑会追踪我的动作
We tested two shoes
我们测试了两双鞋子
a New Balance designed for running,
一双专为跑步而设计的New Balance鞋子
and some Chuck Taylors
和一些Chuck Taylors
which are pretty much some average shoes.
也就是普通的鞋子
By the way, athleticism,
顺便说一下 运动
not one of my strong point.
不是我的强项
这很……
这跑得很糟糕
Results showed that while running in the New Balance sneaker,
结果显示当穿着New Balance的鞋跑步时
my feet experienced less pressure
我的脚承受更小的压力
possibly due to cushioning.
这可能是由于充气气垫的作用
I also had more gait line stability
我的步态稳定性也更高
but while this would provide me more comfort in a race,
尽管这让我在跑步的时候更舒服
It didn’t really improve my running abilities.
但没有真正地改善我的跑步水平
I see the same poor kinematics, excessive hip abduction, pelvic drop,
我看到一样糟糕的动作 过度的髋关节外展和骨盆下落
truck instability, crossover everything I saw before.
躯干不稳定性 交叉 跟之前见到的一样
nothing really changed,
几乎没有改变
and nor can it change with any kind of different shoe.
而且……换任何一双鞋子都会是这个结果
While this might sound like a trivial issue,
虽然这听起来很显而易见
a lot of studies have been done on this subject.
但还是有很多关于这个课题的研究
To improve performance, some advocate for stiffer bottoms
为了更好的运动表现 有些人偏好更硬的底部
while others call for lighter shoes.
而另一些人偏好更轻便的鞋
But researchers are pretty split.
但是研究结果差异巨大
The truth is everyone’s foot structure and function is different,
事实是 每个人的足部结构和功能都不一样
so no one solution is going to be right for everyone.
所以没有一个万能的方案
It goes without saying
不言而喻
that if you want superior athletic ability along with shoes,
如果你想通过鞋子获得更高的运动能力
practice makes perfect.
熟能生巧
Shoes can vary in price depending on the research and development behind’em.
鞋子价格的不同 取决于其背后的研究和完善
Then there are also some that use superior, higher cost materials.
有的鞋子还用了更高级更昂贵的材料
What we found is comfort is probably the most important thing,
我们发现 舒适度应该是最重要的
so if you’re comfortable in the shoe and you feel good in the shoe
并且穿这双鞋能带给你自信
and you have confidence in that shoe,
你对它感觉很好
you’re gonna perform better.
你就能发挥得更好
If you want to buy shoes to improve your performance,
如果你想通过好的鞋子来提高运动水平
don’t base your decisions on the price tag, brand,
不要让价格 品牌或者
or celebrity endorsements.
或明星代言影响你做决定
Just make sure they have the right fit and feel
只要保证鞋子合脚而且舒服
and you’ll be set to cross the finish line.
你就可以冲过终点线了
Possibly.
可能吧
Hey guys, thanks for watching this week’s episode of What The FAQs
感谢你观看这周的What The FAQs
hope you enjoy
希望你能喜欢
If you did, make sure you hit the like button
如果喜欢的话 别忘了点赞
and subscribe to our channel
订阅我们的节目
got weird about science question
如果你有什么奇怪的科学问题
show your shout drop the cart below
在评论区试着说出来
and who knows
谁知道呢?
we might covered it
我们可能真的会采纳
Be sure to catch more of this season, every Tuesday.
别忘了每周二来关注这一季的其它精彩内容

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