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学会演奏乐器就能让你成为天才吗?

Can playing an instrument make you a genius?

你看过音乐家演奏乐器吗?
Have you ever watched a musician playing an instrument?
如果你4岁以上 那你很有可能看过
If you are older than 4, you most probably have.
看起来高雅且简单易学对不对?
It seems so simple, elegant and easy, doesn’t it?
音乐家只是在乐器上移动手指
The musician just moves his fingers on the instrument
就能令你的情绪像坐过山车一样跌宕起伏
and you are thrown on the emotional roller-coaster the music produces.
你可能会好奇 他是如何做到
You may wonder how is this person capable
既记住所有音符
of remembering all of those notes
又以最完美的方式把它们拼凑在一起?
and combining them in the most perfect of ways?
事实是 即使音乐家表面看起来从容稳重
The truth is that even though a musician looks calm and steady,
但每当他拿起乐器
there is a party going on inside of his brain
他就开始了一场脑内狂欢
every time he picks up the instrument.
这场狂欢把他和屋里其他人都隔绝开了
And this party separates him from all the other people in the room
你可能会说 好吧 那我们怎么知道
And you might say, well how do we know
音乐家的大脑和普通人是有区别的?
there is a difference between a musician’s and non musician’s brain,
如果有的话 区别从何而来?
and if there is one, what’s causing it?
深入大脑内部的话
If we go deep inside the brain
我们可以知道
we can see what happens there
在看书写字等日常活动中大脑是如何活动的
during regular activities such as reading and writing
然后把听歌或演奏音乐时的大脑活动与之相比较
and compare that to what happens while listening or playing music.
最近 神经学家能够通过将人的大脑与机器连接
Recently, neuroscientists were able to monitor people’s brains in real time
实时监测大脑活动
by connecting them to a machine
机器会点亮负责特定活动的大脑区域
which lights up and shows which areas of the brain
并展示在屏幕上
are responsible for each activity.
例如 当你说话时
So when you are talking for example,
屏幕上大脑左半球的
a small light in the left hemisphere of the brain
小灯会亮起来
will light up on the screen.
而当你在画画时
On the other hand when you are drawing a painting,
大脑右半球的灯就会被点亮
a light on the right hemisphere will light up.
有趣的是 当他们把
Interestingly enough when when they connected
弹着乐器的音乐家的大脑和机器连接
a musician playing an instrument to the machine
他们看见脑内不同区域的灯都亮了
they saw multiple parts of the brain lighting up
这部分区域同时在处理着不同信息
and simultaneously processing different information.
既快速有序 又相互联系
Order, fastness and interrelation were noticed.
大脑内几乎所有区域似乎都立刻运作起来
Almost every area of the brain seemed engaged at once.
所以结果证明
So it turns out that,
弹奏乐器时
Playing an instrument involves the interconnectedness
大脑中几个部分会相互合作
between several components present in the brain.
尤其是神经系统中的
Most notably the motor, sensory, visual,
运动神经、感官、视觉和听觉部分
and auditory components of the nervous system.
这种相互合作的关系又会对
This in turn results in positive effects on
推理能力、小肌肉群技能、学习和记忆力产生积极影响
reasoning, fine motor skills, learning and memory,
从而使大脑整体上更加高效精干
resulting in an overall more capable and efficient brain.
这种全脑训练涉及到
And with this full brain workout that
学习的艺术和审美方面
involves the artistic and aesthetic dimensions of learning
而这些方面是演奏乐器所独有的
that is a unique of playing an instrument,
由此 音乐家能将这新增的长处
musicians are able to apply this newly-gained
应用到其它活动中
strength to all other activities as well.
我们都有过这样的经历
We all have that one situation when
本来是打算去店里买咖啡
we are headed to the store to buy some coffee,
但到店里之后
and then when we get inside the store
我们买了各种东西 就是没买咖啡
and we buy everything else, but the coffee.
而音乐家不大可能会遇到这样的问题
Well, a musician would most likely not have this problem,
因为他的记忆比我们的更具有组织性
because his memory is better organized than ours.
在Anne Stoklosa 发布的一篇
As stated in a paper by Anne Stoklosa
基于Anita Collins的研究的论文中指出
based on research by Anita Collins:
音乐家脑内各部分密切相连 给记忆贴上了多个标签
This memory enhancement is attributed to the musician highly connected brains,
从而加强了记忆力
giving a memory multiple tags.
这一训练过程是学乐器时下意识进行的
This process is subconsciously trained when learning to play an instrument
因为在弹奏乐器时
because of the interconnectedness between the visual, auditory,
视觉、听觉以及运动神经和脑内活动
and motor functioning and activity going on in the brain
是相互关联的
when we play a musical instrument.
听起来很棒
Pretty neat.
现在回到大脑内部结构
Now let’s go back inside the brain again.
我们知道大脑分为左右两个半球
We know that the brain is divided into two hemispheres,
左脑控制逻辑思维和语言
the left being the logical and linguistic one,
右脑控制创造力
and the right being the creative.
它们之间有一座“桥” 我们称之为胼胝体
There is a bridge between them called the corpus callosum,
它是连接左右脑半球的大量神经纤维束
a massive bundle of nerve fibres connecting the two sides.
科学家发现 音乐家脑中的这座“桥”
And scientists found that this “bridge”
容量更大 其中进行的活动也更多
has bigger volume and activity within musicians,
使得两个半球的互动更高效
allowing the two hemispheres to interact more effectively with each other
从而使它们能更有效地解决学术和社会问题
enabling them to solve academic and social problems more efficiently.
所以音乐家的大脑不仅结构上异于他人
So not only that a musician brains are anatomically different,
它发挥作用的方式也不同 且差异很大
they also function on different and more divergent ways.
他们可以把提高的认知能力和情绪技巧
They can use their increased cognitive and emotional skills
应用到生活的各方各面
in almost all aspects of life.
你可能已经有点羡慕嫉妒恨了
You probably already feel a bit jealous
因为他们大脑的使用程度完全在另一个层次上
because they get to use their brain on a whole another level,
你可能还会好奇
and you probably are still wondering
学会演奏乐器能不能让你成为天才?
if playing an instrument will make you a genius?
长时间的钢琴练习是不是
Are the long hours of practicing in front of the piano
释放大脑全部潜能的秘诀?
the secret formula to unlocking the full potential of your brain?
虽然我们不能和你保证
Even though we can’t promise you
你会成为下一个爱因斯坦
that you will become the next Einstein,
虽然他确实会弹小提琴 也确实是天才
anyway he played the violin so there’s that,
但好消息是 根据近期一项研究显示
the great news is that according to a recent research
弹奏乐器的人
anyone who plays an instrument,
脑功能都在一定程度上有所增强
even if he started at an old age,
即使他们年老时才开始学乐器
showed some kind of increased brain functioning.
这确实是防止痴呆症和阿兹海默症等
It’s actually a good prevention for old age brain diseases
老年人脑部疾病的好方法
such as Dementia and Alzheimer’s.
所以 即使该课题仍
So, even though there is still a lot of research
有待深入研究
to be done on the subject,
我们比之前任何时候更确信
we’re are more sure than ever that
弹奏乐器是最费神
playing an instrument is one of the most
却也最有益的脑部活动之一
demanding and rewarding activities for your brain.
这个非同寻常、感官丰富的过程是
This remarkable sensory rich process is one
你能做到的最好的脑部训练之一
one of the best excercises you can provide for your brain.
锻炼身体的同时还能训练大脑
Why stop with only exercising your body,
何乐而不为呢?
when you can also exercise your mind.
现在你知道了 要不要拿起乐器玩音乐
And now you know, and it’s ultimately your choice,
归根结底都是你的选择
whether you decide to you pick up the instrument and make some noise.
视频最后 和往常一样 我们下个视频见
But as always, I’ll see you in the next one.
【音乐♪】
[music♪]

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学会演奏乐器就能让你成为天才吗?

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sBQdH1e7204

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