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孤独真的能致死吗?

Can Loneliness Kill You?

当今人们的联系比以往更为紧密
Our planet may be more connected than ever,
但80年代开始 美国孤独患者却在倍增
but loneliness has doubled in America since the 80 ’ s
超过40%的成年人
with more than 40 % of adults
声称他们很孤独
saying they are lonely.
因此若你同样倍感孤独时应该为此焦虑么
So should you be worried if you feel the same?
孤独感能致命么
Can loneliness…kill you?
孤独感是一种心理机制
Loneliness is a psychological mechanism designed
这种感觉刺激你去寻求社交活动
to motivate you to seek out social interactions,
但它是一种高度主观(的状态)
but it’s highly subjective.
换句话说 如果你越感到孤独 你就越孤单
Another words, if you feel lonely, then you are lonely.
但这并不意味着
And it doesn ’ t necessarily mean you ’ re
你不合群或没有朋友
a loner or have no friends, it just means
只是意味着你没进行满足自身必要的社交活动
that the social interactions that are necessary to you are not being met.
我们常常会认为孤独是影响老年人的事
We often think of loneliness as something that affects the elderly,
但最近的研究表明
but a recent study
16到24岁的年轻人比
found that young people aged 16-24 felt lonely
其它成年阶段的人更容易孤独
more than any other group of adults.
在一个令人痛苦的研究中 科学家发现孤独令感冒症状加剧
In one painful study, scientists found that being lonely made cold symptoms worse.
有几百健康人群完成了一项
Hundreds of healthy people completed a
孤独程度测试 事后给了他们滴
loneliness scale test and then were given nasal drops
含有普通感冒病毒的鼻剂!
containing the common cold virus – blegh!
这时 这些可怜的感冒患者被要求隔离
At this point, these poor sick induced participants were quarantined
在酒店房间过了5天
in hotel room for 5 days
那些孤独患者
and those who reported being more
看上去感冒症状
lonely prior to the test also reported more significant
更加严重
cold symptoms.
你是否留意到当你饥饿时 食物吃起来更美味?
Have you ever noticed that food tastes betterwhen you’re hungry?
科学家们注意到孤独患者身上也有相同的现象
Scientists have actually seen the same phenomenonwith loneliness.
使用功能磁共振成像时 给他们看
When hooked up to FMRI machines and shown either an image
爱人或陌生人的照片时
of a loved one or a stranger,
那些在UCLA孤独程度测试中得分高者
those who tested higher
在看到爱人图片时
on the UCLA Loneliness Scale showed a bigger response in the reward
脑神经奖励系统反应活跃
system of the brain when shown a picture
而那些不太严重的孤独患者
of a loved one, while those who were not very
对于爱人和陌生人的反应是类似的
lonely had a similar response between theloved one and stranger.
这个让我们认识到
This helps us see that it ’ s not
孤独患者并不是疏于亲密关系
that lonely individuals lack close relationships, but rather,
而是渴望更多的社交活动
that they long for greater socialinteraction.
长期的孤独患者可导致身体的细胞层面发生改变
Chronic loneliness can also change your bodyon a cellular level.
研究发现
Research has found
孤独患者的部分白细胞有209项基因异常表达
that lonely people have 209 different gene expressions in some of
包括细胞的促炎转录活跃
their white blood cells, including increased activity of pro-inflammatory transcription
发炎是对于损伤的重要反应
factor. Now, inflammation is an important response to injury,
但长期的炎症
but chronic inflammation wreaks
会对身体造成伤害
havoc on your body.
结果是
As a result,
社交贫乏者冠心病发病率上升29%
we see that poor social relationships show a 29 % increase in coronary heart disease
中风发病率上升32%
and 32% increase of a stroke.
总的来说 社交活跃者
overall ,people with strong social relationships
增加50%的生存可能
have a 50 % increased likelihood of survival
这意味着在同时间段内
overall – that means they are much less likely to die
他们的存活率更高
over the same period of time, making
孤独感的风险犹如每天抽15根烟
loneliness as deadly of a risk factor as smoking 15 cigarettes a day,
缺乏锻炼 或者 肥胖!
lack of exercise, or obesity!
所以 孤独会增加死亡的几率
So yes, loneliness can increase your chance of death.
孤独患者的持续增加
And the increased number
可能与我们文化的变化有关
of lonely people may be related to shifts in our culture;
全球资本主义制度及其对个体的关注
global capitalism and its focus
改变了我们的社交能力
on the individual has changed our ability to access social connection.
如果你感到孤单 知道自己……
If you ’ re feeling lonely, know that you ’ re –
你不是一个人
well – not alone.
这并不是说你不讨人喜欢
It isn’t usually a reflection of your likability.
怎样迈出第一步 增加你和社会的联系感?
One small step you can make today to feelmore connected?
有意识地增加眼神的接触
Try to make more intentional eye contact,
不管是对你认识的
whether with those you know,
或者对街上的路人
or even a passerby on street
研究表明 眼神的接触
Studies have found that eye contact is a
使得双方的感觉
gesture that makes both parties involved feel more
联系更加紧密
in touch with humankind.
如果你们还不认识我们
If you guys don’t already know we
其实这是新的《格雷戈和米奇》频道
actually, that’s relaunched the Greg and Mitch channel
事实上 我们进行了彻底的变革
We actually had a completely drag transformation for the most time
如果你想看那个视频 可以在这个地方看 挺有趣的
if you want to watch that video it’s really fun to check out over there
另外我们开始了每周播客
Also, we studied a weekly podcast.
名叫Sidenote 每周三播出
It’s called Sidenote. It comes out on Wednesday
我们也在AsapScience里
and we discuss and debate controversial subjects
探讨和辩论有争议的话题
at AsapScience through
在描述里有iTunes的链接
so under description will be the Apple itunes link
欢迎订阅
for some new science videos. See you!
以收看我们新的科学视频 再会
Make sure you subscribe and we will see you next day

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视频概述

孤独增加身体患病的风险

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

一只打蘑菇的伞

审核员

审核员 D

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QuWsHyuLD_E

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