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当某人喜欢你时,肢体语言会透露给你吗? – 译学馆
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当某人喜欢你时,肢体语言会透露给你吗?

Can Body Language Reveal When Someone Likes You?

来 我将要说说只用到肢体语言的那些事
Okay, I’m going to say something using only body language.
知道什么意思吗?
Did you get that?
嗨 肢体语言家们 我是D新闻节目的Trace
Hi all you body linguists Trace here for DNews.
科学家没有到处问 但是他们相信口语是从古老的人类祖先开始
Scientists weren’t around to ask, but they believe verbal language evolved as a learning
通过学习不断进化而来
aid for ancient human-like ancestors.
语言帮助我们交流 协调和保持同宗关系
Language helped us communicate, coordinate and cognate (yes! alliteration!).
在语言还没发展到会说“我饿了”或者“我喜欢你”之前 肢体语言是怎样的?
what is body language Before we’d evolved to say, “I’m hungry,”
天性告诉我们怎么表达:用肢体语言交流
or “I like you,” nature devised other ways to say those things: Nonverbal communication!
即使我们发短信时没有告诉别人有关情绪 健康 年龄和社会地位的
Even when not speaking we’re sending messages about our emotions, health, age, and social
事情
status!
你站着的方式 手的姿势 身体紧张感和面部表情
The way you’re standing, your hand gestures, body tension, facial expressions… all these
这些都可以在不经意间 将你的内心感觉传递给外界
communicate your inner feelings to the outside world, often without you realizing it, and
有一些肢体语言是比较普遍的
some of them are universal.
谁给非言语这个词下的定义?
who decided that’s what nonverbals meant?
查理斯达尔文第一个提出普遍肢体语言的概念
Charles Darwin first proposed the idea of universal body languages based on how our
这个概念基于我们的面部皮肤是如何连接肌肉的
muscles connected to our facial skin.
100年之后 Tomkins和Ekman 两位研究者做了一系列实验
100 years later, a series of experiments by researchers Tomkins and Ekman, found seven
发现了7种普遍面部表情:开心 惊讶 轻蔑 惧怕 悲伤 厌恶和生气
universal facial expressions: Happy, Surprise, Contempt, Fear, Sadness, Disgust, and Anger.
本质上 达尔文是对的
In essence, Darwin was right!
我们大脑系统都有天生的结构和适应力去处理情绪
We all have inherent structures and adaptations in our brain’s limbic system to process emotions
一些情绪是普遍表达的
— and some are universally expressed!
扁桃体可以控制反应 自我维持和情绪处理 它为我们做所有的这些工作
The amygdalae, which control reactions, self-preservation and emotional processing do all this work
在潜意识里
for us, subconsciously.
当人们在派对中喊“惊喜呦” 这些深藏在大脑中的扁桃体形状的结构
When people shout, “Surprise!” at a party, these almond-shaped structures deep in the
第一个得到这个讯息
brain get that message first!
首先扁桃体确定这些人没有受到攻击 通过处理你的情绪判断你是不是
First the amygdalae make sure these people aren’t about to attack, showing a universal
出现了击打或轻微的因害怕引起的发怔反应
fight-or-flight fear-evoked freeze response while you process the emotion!
之后 发现没有危险 你很好 然后你会感到高兴快乐
Then after they’re like, NO THREAT YOU’RE GOOD, you go on to feel happiness and amusement.
一直都是这样的
This happens all the time.
当有人吓你 你摔倒 或当你的伙伴突然提出问题
When someone startles you, you trip, or if your partner unexpectedly pops the question,
你可能在高兴之前首先看起来是害怕的 这多亏了扁桃体
you’ll probably look scared before you look happy… thanks amygdalae.
奇怪啊
Awkward.
那什么肢体语言是普遍的呢?
so what body languages are universal?
我们不断用姿势 手势和身体变换来表达情绪
We are constantly shouting emotions with our postures, gestures, and body shifts too.
是啊 因害怕引起的发怔就是普遍的 但是还有其它的
Yes, the fear-evoked freeze is universal, but so are some others.
国家科学学术研究在2008年研究发现
A 2008 study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found sighted, blind,
来自超过30个国家的健康的 失明的和先天失明的人表达羞愧和骄傲的方式是一样的
and congenitally blind people from more than 30 nations all expressed shame or pride in
2010年的研究又将笑声加入了这个单子
the same way, and a 2010 study also in PNAS added laughter to the list as well!
另一些研究发现 紧张的情绪不需要面部表情
In yet another study, researchers found intense emotions don’t even need a facial expression:
我们可以通过肢体语言知道
we can guess just from body language!
即使肢体语言超级重要 更多的研究表明 面部和肢体语言一起才是
Even though body language is super important, face+body are better together says study after
最好的
study.
根据2013年科学杂志的研究 当人们只观察人们的面部时
According to 2013 research in the journal Science, when people were just shown faces
他们只有50%几率猜对情绪
of people (even displaying “universal facial expressions,”) they only had a 50-50 chance
当加入肢体语言时 猜测就
of guessing the emotion, and by adding body language to the picture guesses became quote
更加准确
“far more accurate.”
有趣得是 一些我们认为普遍的肢体语言其实不普遍
Interestingly, some body language we think of as universal is not at all.
眨眼表示信任和友谊 或者隐瞒不信任 语境是重要的
Winks can mean trust and friendship, or deviousness and concealment; the context matters.
另外 肢体语言是很有文化性的
Additionally, body language is intensely cultural.
比如在俄国 西非 中东 部分地中海和澳洲
For example, in Russia, West Africa, the Middle East, parts of the Mediterranean and Australia
有一个表示“去你的”的手势 但是在美国 这个表示喜欢
there’s a gesture which means up-yours, but in the U.S., it means LIKE!
或者 在西方 好朋友站在一起很近 陌生人站的远
Or, in the West, close friends stand close together, and strangers further apart, but
但是在中东 商人为了表示信任站的很近
a Middle Eastern salesman might stand closer to show trust.
在英国的商业里 直接看着对方的眼是粗鲁的
In the U.K. business world, looking someone directly in the eye is considered rude but
但是在美国 不对眼就是不信任
in the U.S. not meeting a gaze is untrustworthy!
最后 很显然
In the end, obviously as usual,
我们还需要更多的研究
more research is needed.
因为即使它们是潜意识的 了解非言语都有哪些形式能帮助你了解
Even though they’re subconscious, simply knowing nonverbal cues exist can help you understand
这个秘密语言
that secret language.
根据保罗的实验结果 “学习识别他人的情绪的面部表情帮助你
According to research of Paul Ekman, “Learning to recognize facial expressions of emotion in others helps
学习自己识别自己的情绪 这会帮助你管理自己情绪的
you learn to recognize your own emotions… [and this can] help you manage the expression
表达”
of your own emotions.”
记住 如果你突然提出问题 你的伙伴看起来害怕
And just remember, if you pop the question and your partner looks scared, that’s just
那只是扁桃体
their amygdalae…
但愿吧 哈哈
Hopefully.
如果你还不知道怎么表达情绪 这里有一些
If you still aren’t sure how to express your emotions, there are other culturally appropriate
适合其它文化的表达方式的研究
expressions some people engage in.
看到我做什么了吗?
See what i did there?
想不想研究下呢?
Engage in?
Kay 珠宝商赞助了这个视频 他也许知道怎么帮助你
This video was proudly sponsored by Kay Jewelers, who might have some ideas on how to help.
每个吻开始于Kay(广告语)
Every kiss begins with Kay.
非言语的语言可能是我们所有语言中最重要的 但是
Nonverbal might be the most important part of language, but it’s not the only way we
不是唯一的交流方式
communicate with each other.
在我另一个节目TestTube Plus中 我们用了整一个星期去研究人类交流
On my other show TestTube Plus we spent a whole week researching human communication,
交流是如何塑造大脑 表情符号是怎样成为未来语言以及克林贡语可能是
how it shapes your brain, how emoji might be the future of language, and how klingon
真实存在的语言
could be a REAL language.
去看看吧
Check it out here.
你擅长解读非言语信号吗?
Are you good at reading nonverbal cues?
你现在打算去研究它吗?
Are you going to look for them now?
事实上 你越研究它 你越不能察觉情绪
Bonus fact, the harder you look, the worse you get at discerning the emotion, just let
就让它自然发生吧
it happen naturally.
在评论里留下你的想法呦
Tell me your thoughts in the comments.

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视频概述

肢体语言很重要 它能透露出很多信息

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收集自网络

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lala

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_6lzX6TYeA

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