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盲人会做梦吗?

Can Blind people Dream? | #aumsum

It’s AumSum Time.
《奥萨小课堂》时间到
Can blind people dream?
盲人能做梦吗?
Yes. They dream about Awesome AumSum.
是的 他们会梦到帅气的奥萨呢
Alright. Dreams are a collection of images, events or sensations.
好了 梦是图像 事件或感觉的集合
Which we see or feel in our daily lives.
是我们在日常生活中的所见所感
Now, whether a blind person can see in his dreams or not.
因此 一个盲人能否在梦里看见东西
Depends on when he lost his vision.
取决于他是在何时失明的
If he lost his vision in the later stage of his life.
如果他是在其人生后期失明的
Then his brain would use visual information stored in his memories
那么其大脑就会用存在记忆里的视觉信息
to create dreams.
来形成梦
But the same wouldn’t happen
但如果一个人天生失明
if an individual is blind since birth.
就不会出现这种情况
This is because his brain has never received any visual information.
这是由于其大脑从未接收过任何视觉信息
So instead, his dreams would get their content from memories of.
故其梦的内容来自于日常生活中
Sound, smell, touch, etc.
由听觉 嗅觉 触觉等
which he perceives in his everyday life.
所形成的记忆
However, another science experiment
然而 另一个科学实验
showed results contrary to this.
得出了与此相反的结论
In that experiment,
在那个实验里
people who were blind since birth were able to draw their dreams.
天生失明的人能画出他们的梦
Thus proving that they not only sense or feel,
由此证明 他们在梦里不仅有感觉
but also see in their dreams.
还有视觉
Why do we dream?
我们为什么会做梦呢?
So that we can eat without getting fat.
那使我们能多吃不胖
No.
不是的
For centuries, experts are trying to
数百年来 专家们一直试图
find the actual purpose of dreams.
找出做梦的真正目的
But still no one has any concrete answer.
但还没有人得出明确的答案
One theory proposed by Sigmund Freud states that
由弗洛伊德提出的一个理论称
we dream to fulfil our wishes.
人们做梦是为了满足自己的愿望
Dreams are a representation of our unconscious desires, thoughts, etc.
梦体现了我们潜意识中欲望 想法等
Each image in a dream has some meaning.
梦里的每个形象都有其含义
As these thoughts are not expressed consciously,
我们清醒时没有表达的想法
they find their way via dreams.
便通过做梦被表现出来
Another theory called Threat Stimulation suggests that
另一种名为威胁应激的理论称
dreams should be seen as a defense mechanism.
梦应该被视为一种防御机制
For example, nightmares put us in threatening situations.
比如 噩梦使我们身临险境
Allowing us to practice our fight or flight response
使我们得以练习迎战或逃跑反应
which can be helpful in real life events.
这在现实生活中很有帮助
A theory called Activation-Synthesis suggests that
刺激综合理论则认为
dreams don’t mean anything.
梦没有任何意义
During REM stage of sleep,
在睡眠的快速眼动阶段
certain circuits in the brain get activated.
某些脑回路被激活
When the brain tries to synthesize and make sense of these signals.
当大脑努力去整合理解这些信号时
It results in dreams.
梦便产生了
Wake up, Wake up Dude.
醒醒 醒醒兄弟
You’re dreaming.
你在做梦
Humans dream during their rapid eye movement stage of sleep or REM sleep.
人们会在睡眠的快速眼动阶段做梦
In a research, the brain activity pattern of a rat
在一项研究中 老鼠在奔跑寻找奶酪时
running for some cheese.
其大脑活动模式
And the one during its REM sleep was found to be similar.
与其在快速眼动阶段的活动模式类似
Moreover, a singing bird’s brain activity while singing.
此外 鸟儿在唱歌时的大脑活动
And while in its REM sleep also showed similarity.
与它在快速眼动阶段的活动也是相似的
Indicating that perhaps animals dream of their daily activities.
这表明动物梦见的可能是他们的日间活动
What is color blindness?
色盲是什么?
A color festival.
是场色彩盛宴
No.
不是这样的
Color blindness or color deficiency is a vision problem.
色盲或色觉缺陷是种视觉问题
Now, our eyes have light sensitive cells
要知道 我们的眼睛有感光细胞
called rods and cones.
叫视网膜杆与视锥
Can I put ice cream on these cones?
我可以把冰激凌放在视锥上吗?
Oh. You are just unbelieveable.
哦 你真是让人难以置信
Rods are responsible for black and white vision.
视网膜杆负责着黑白视觉
They do not detect color.
他们不能辨别色彩
Whereas cones detect color.
但是视锥能辨别色彩
There are three types of cones.
我们的视锥有三种类型
One cone perceives red light,
一类视锥感应红光
another perceives green and the third perceives blue.
另一类感应绿光 第三类感应蓝光
Together these cones
这些视锥一起
help us to see the whole spectrum of colors.
使我们看到光谱中的所有颜色
Now in some cases.
然而 在某些情况下
When one or more types of cones do not work properly,
当一类或几类视锥无法正常运作时
it causes color blindness.
色盲就产生了
People with such deficiency have difficulty
有这种视觉缺陷的人
in distinguishing between certain colors or shades.
会难以区分某种颜色或色调
For example, in red green color blindness,
比如 在患有红绿色盲症的人眼中
the apple tree may appear like this.
苹果树可能长这样

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视频概述

盲人会做梦吗?梦中的他们是否能看见大千世界呢?点看视频,了解盲人们的梦与普通人的梦有何不同。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

YXG-499c3

审核员

审核员FF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mN08CPrTKBw

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