Shh! We’re playing hide and seek!
But, I can’t seem to find Squeaks. Can you?
[Soft music playing]
Hah! Found yah!
Here at the fort, we’re pretty good at hide and seek.
You know why?
Because we’ve learned a lot of great tricks from nature!
There are lots of kinds of animals that have their own kind of hide and seek —
Some animals hide so they can sneak up on their prey–
other animals hide so they don’t become dinner!
Either way, these animals don’t hide behind curtains or under tables
like we do when we want to play hide and seek —
they hide in plain sight!
That sounds amazing!
And, they can do it thanks to camouflage.
One SciShow Kids viewer named Rianne wants to know:
What is camouflage and how does it work?
Camouflage is a way for animals to confuse, or hide from, other animals.
Since lots of different animals are all either hiding, or seeking,
there are lots of different kinds of camouflage in nature.
One easy way for an animal to camouflage itself is to just blend in with the background.
Let’s say you take a quiet walk in the woods —
what kind of animals would you expect to see?
Well, where I live, I might see some squirrels,
or, a deer, or maybe a cute little field mouse.
And you know what these mammals all have in common?
They’re all shades of brown or gray —
they match the color of tree bark and the forest floor where they live.
This makes them harder to spot.
Lots of animals blend in with their environment,
but not all of them rely on their color to do it —
some animals get help from the patterns on their skin and fur.
Tigers have big black stripes, which makes them harder to find in tall grass.
And the spots on baby deer, called fawns,
look like patterns that sunlight makes as it shines
down through trees and grass,
so when they curl up among some plants for a nice nap,
they blend right in.
Now, animals that live in the water have a
different environment that they have to blend into.
Many ocean animals, like dolphins, sharks, and whales,
are often light gray, or blue-ish, to match the color of the water.
But they have another trick, too, they’re lighter on
their stomachs than they are on their back.
Look at this shark, it’s called a gray reef shark.
If you were swimming above the shark, looking down,
its blue-and-gray back would blend in with the waters of the ocean below it.
But if you were swimming under the shark and looking up,
its white belly would match the lighter water above, as the sun shines through it.
You might say this shark is covered from top to bottom!
And some animals don’t just take on the color or pattern
of their surroundings — they camouflage themselves using their shape!
Take a look at this guy. Can you see it?
It’s called the walking leaf! And no wonder!
The walking leaf not only has the color and shape of a
green leaf, it even has markings on its body that make it look like it’s been nibbled on.
Now, try to spot this leafy sea dragon.
Covered in small fins all over its body, the leafy sea
dragon blends perfectly in the seaweed where it lives.
The leafy sea dragon even moves like a piece of seaweed,
gracefully tumbling around in the water.
That’s some convincing camouflage!
But of course, a lot of animals don’t naturally look like things in their environment.
So some of them have found ways to hide themselves by … playing dress up.
The dresser crab walks along the seafloor, looking for
little things that it can wear on its shell–
like coral, sea anemones, or seaweed. When it’s all
covered up and sitting still, the crab is nearly invisible!
Then there’s this insect called the masked hunter.
When they’re young, masked hunters are covered in tiny hairs.
When it throws dust on top of its body, it sticks to the hairs,
covering it completely.
It’s kind of like an invisibility cloak!
So there you have it.
Animals use all kinds of tricks to keep them hidden, and
every animal has a slightly different way to do it,
depending on what kind of animal it is, and where it lives.
Thanks for learning about camouflage with us!
Do you have a question about something that you’d like to learn more about?
Get help from a parent, and leave a comment below or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
And we’ll see you next time!