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布鲁尔的空间艺术

Breuer's Art of Space—Explore an Architectural Icon

I think that the architect, as an inventor is an artist
我认为 建筑师作为一名发明家
of society of technical developments.
是技术发展社会的艺术家
Everywhere where something is missing
在任何少了些什么的地方
the architect steps in.
建筑师都会参与进来
He is the man who fills the holes, if I may say so.
恕我冒昧地说一句 建筑师就是那个填补漏洞的人
One of the most interesting things about Marcel Breuer is
关于Marcel Breuer最有趣的事情之一是
that he’s one of the very few architects actually trained at the Bauhaus.
他是极少数在包豪斯建筑学院受训的建筑师之一
The period of enormous artistic invention and questioning.
在艺术发明和被质疑的鼎盛时期
Building was not simply making buildings.
建筑不仅仅只是建造建筑物
Building was building a role for artists and building a new society.
建筑是为艺术家建立一个角色 并建立一个新的社会
And architecture would no longer represent or evoke things from the past.
建筑将不再代表或唤起过去的一切
This is what happened with the architects
这就是设计第五大道上最初大都会博物馆
which evokes thegreat bathing halls of the ancients.
最初的大都会博物馆使人想起古人壮观的澡堂
The Bauhaus rejected all of that.
包豪斯建筑学院丢弃了这一切
They thought that one was living in a world of industrial production of radical new materials.
他们认为人们生活在一个彻底新材料的产业化世界
Architects were eager to take that into the buildings of everyday life,
建筑师们渴望将其带入日常生活的建筑中
into houses, into offices, even into museum buildings.
带入房子 带入办公室 甚至带入博物馆建筑
Picture the early 1960s the Whitney Museum of American Art,
这是20世纪60年代初惠特尼美国艺术博物馆的合约
wanted a new space.
他们想要一个新环境
Marcel Breuer made an ambitious presentation to the museum board.
Marcel Breuer向博物馆董事会作了一次宏大的展示
He opened his remarks by saying
他在开场白中说
“What should a museum look like a museum in Manhattan,
“在曼哈顿 博物馆应该是什么样子的?”
it should transform the vitality of the street into the sincerity and profundity of art.”
“它应该把街道的活力转化为艺术的真诚和深奥”
The Met restored the building in 2016, but did not remodel.
大都会博物馆在2016年进行了修复 但并没有改型
We were asked to restore the building
我们被要求把这座建筑
as though it were a work of art, which of course it is.
当作一件艺术品来修复 它当然是一件艺术品
Everything is original to 1966 with a few exceptions,
一切都还是跟1966年一样 除了极少数例外
for example, as you enter
比如 当你进入博物馆的时候
above you is a constellation of lights in aluminum domes.
会看到头顶上铝制穹顶上的灯群
When the building was restored,
当建筑被修复时
all the bulbs were replaced with LED versions that had to be specially manufactured.
所有的灯泡都被特别制造的LED灯所取代
Or notice the staircase.
或者注意这楼梯
Each step was cast separately in terrazzo.
每层阶梯都分别用水磨石打造
During the restoration
在修复过程中
workers removed 50 years of grime off every surface.
工人们去除了所有表层上有50年历史的污垢
There’s really a whole catalog of materials, a palette in a way,
实际上有一整套材料 在某种程度上算是调色板
that I would argue challenges the notion of
我认为是可以挑战
a heavy, dark or dull concrete.
深色 或者是沉闷的灰色这样的理念
Picture the team replacing 200 stone pavers,
想象一下修复团队替换200块铺路石
or scraping old gum out of concrete with dental picks.
或者是用牙镐从混凝土里刮出旧口香糖的画面
Essentially, what we did was humdrum
实际上 在普通人看来
for the average person when they look at it.
我们所做的很无聊
Because what happened, what did they do?
因为会有‘发生了什么 他们做了什么’这样的疑问
And we often say, well, not much,
我们经常会说 好吧 并没做太多什么
and I feel very proud of not doing too much and accomplishing a lot.
我为没有做太多的事情却完成了很多事情而感到骄傲
Something about the building that slows down your pace.
这个建筑里的一些东西能让你的步子放慢
A visitor to a museum doesn’t want constantly to have the work of architecture
参观博物馆的人是不会想一直
in their face or in their way.
正面看着或一直看某些建筑作品的
They want somehow for the architecture to disappear
他们希望以某种方式让建筑消失
to allow for the most direct experience with the work.
以获得最直接的艺术体验
展览 玛丽莎 · 梅尔兹:天空是一片伟大的空间
May I ask one other question, Marcel Breuer?
我能问另外一个问题吗 Marcel Breuer?
What is the role of architects in the Space Age?
建筑师在空间时代的作用是什么?
I don’t know about the Space Age as they understand it today,
我不懂得他们现在所理解的空间时代
but they know that architecture is the art of space.
但他们应该知道建筑是空间的艺术
展览 马斯登.哈特利的缅因州
The whole building of The Met Breuer
大都会博物馆布劳耶分馆整个建筑
is based on this study of contrasts,
都是基于对比研究
and constantly playing on these contrasts
同时不断地利用这些对比
as we experience one thing more intensely by its juxtaposition with another.
通过不同事物的并置使我们增强体验
To build a museum was a rare chance to make a building that declared the art of architecture
建造博物馆是彰显建筑艺术
is one worthy of the streetscape of Madison Avenue.
能与麦迪逊大道街景相媲美的难得机会
Breuer展览计划2016-2020
四年来 大都会博物馆在布鲁尔大厦举办了30场展览
重新定义了当代艺术如何在百科全书机构的背景下
进行展示 收集和语境化
其中包括一种开创性的专题展览形式
讲述与历史和世界有关的新的现代故事
大都会博物馆布鲁尔展览

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视频概述

空间艺术对于人类发展的历史是一个重要的标志,它见证了不同时代艺术家对它的理解,也见证了不同时代的工业技术发展。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5wY0yecj8Qk

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