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《绝命毒师》美剧的化学反应 – 译学馆
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《绝命毒师》美剧的化学反应

Breaking Bad: An Episode Of Reactions

伴随着人们的遗憾 最后一集《绝命毒师》在周四上映
It’s hard to believe, but Thursday marks 3 years
标志着这部长达3年的电视剧的完结
since the final episode of Breaking Bad aired on TV.
这是因为《绝命毒师》比起其它任何电视剧
All that was on Breaking Bad gripped the culture more
都要更好地抓住了美国文化的核心
tightly than almost any other show.
它所敲响的警钟依然在人们耳边回荡
And its legacy is still intact today.
我想是因为 为故事作结的这些剧集
I think because the arc of episodes that concluded
它们的故事线给了人们符合期望而又残忍的结局
the story brought a satisfying and brutal reckoning on what came before.
正是在这条故事线中
I think the best episode of the series
有着《绝命毒师》最精彩的一集
can be found in that arc.
所以今天我要讲讲这一集
And today I wanna talk about that episode,
“Ozymandias” 以及它所参考的雪莱的诗作
“Ozymandias”, the poem it references,
以及如何把剧集和诗结合在一起
and how the ideas in both
帮助我们理解整个故事
helped us understand the show as a whole.
这一集虽然在季中是倒数第三集
In a lot of ways, this episode,
但它在许多方面
though third from the last,
讲述了故事的开始和结束
bookends the entire series.
为了清楚地展现这一点 编剧Moira Walley Beckett
Writer Moira Walley Beckett makes this
在片头通过闪回
explicit by staging the pre-opening credits screen as a flashback
将观众带到第一集Walter White和 Jesse Pinkman
to the first episode when Walter White and Jesse Pinkman
做出他们第一炉冰毒的场景
are making their very first batch of crystal meth.
“反应已经开始了”
“The reaction has begun.”
剧情的推进则是
The narrative of the show is
人物做出的“选择”所制造的化学反应
its own kind of chemical reaction brought about by choices,
就像Walter选择制造冰毒
like Walter’s choice to make crystal meth
来攒钱治疗自己的癌症
to raise money for his cancer treatment,
亦或是他(就这件事)反复演练 对他妻子撒的第一个谎
like the first lie he’s rehearsing to tell his wife about this,
这个谎言导致了接下来我们将要见证的灾难性的后果
that lead to the horrifying consequences we are about to witness.
导演Rian Johnson以另一种方式清楚地讲述了
Director Rian Johnson makes these things explicit in another way,
Moira Walley Beckett用对话和情节表现的内容
where Moira Walley Beckett has plot and dialogue.
Johnson擅长利用视觉效果
Johnson has visuals,
比如过去的片段缓缓褪色
visuals like the slow fading of past elements
象征着时过境迁
that show the passage of time
旧人旧物 均已面目全非
and the disappearance of the people and the things that once were.
实际上 这一集中我们看到的
What we see in this episode is effectively
是Heisenberg统治的血腥终结
the bloody end of Heisenberg’s reign.
但其有趣之处在于血腥之外
But, what’s interesting is how not bloody it is,
编剧和导演把重点放在这一系列的反应上
Walley Beckett and Johnson place the focus instead on reactions.
用镜头对准了它们
Reaction shots.
所以我们就看到了充满凝视的一集
And so we get an episode of gazes–
嘲弄的凝视 生气的凝视 盲目的凝视 深邃的凝视
quizzical gazes, angry gazes, blind gazes, penetrating gazes.
比如 这里的重点不在于Walter带着女儿Holly逃脱了
What’s important isn’t that Walt gets away with Holly,
而是他妻子Skyler看到了他们离开
for example, but that Skyler sees it.
表现Hank之死的画面一共只有两秒
The death of Hank show for all of 2 seconds
导演就匆匆切换镜头了
before Rian Johnson quickly cuts away.
与之形成对比的是
Compare this to the 44 seconds he lingers on
他在Walt Skyler Fring和Marie对此事的反应上停留了44秒之久
Walt’s, Skyler’s, Fring’s and Marie’s reaction to that news.
因此在这一集中 我们透过
So in this episode, we see Walter White
剧集中几乎每个关键人物的视角
through the eyes of everyone else including
重新审视Walter White
virtually all of the key players in the show.
而且经常是 这些人对Walter的了解程度
And as it’s often the case, these people
远大于Walter对自己的了解程度
see more about Walt than he can about himself.
“你是我见过最聪明的人
“You are the smartest guy I’ve ever met.
然而你还是不够聪明 看不出
Yet you are too stupid to see,
你在10分钟之前就决心要这样做
you made up this minds 10 minutes ago.
所有这些反应 这些凝视
All these reactions, these gazes,
更加突显了Walter的悲剧
makes Walt’s own tragedy even more stark.
他的悲剧是
It’s his inablity to see himself
他没有通过别人的视角审视自己的能力
through the eyes of those around him.
他人的凝视像是一面镜子
Other people’s gazes are like a mirror
以人为镜 可以明得失
that we use to see ourselves.
Johnson在这集里强调了两次
As Johnson highlights twice in this episode,
Walter还没准备好看到这些“镜子”中的自己
Walt’s not ready to look into mirrors yet.
当他在这一集后段回到家时
When he arrives home later in the episode,
他用了他惯常的套路
he uses all his regular lines.
“听我说!”
“Just listen to me!”
“我已经说好了…”
“I’ve negotiated with…”
“一切都会好的。”
“Everything is gonna be fine.”
“你们俩都得相信我
“I need both of you to trust me.
我们必须现在就走”
We have to go right now.”
“只要跟我走就行”
“That’s all we have to do.”
然而Skyler没能相信他的话
But his words fall flat on Skyler,
那些话就连我们听着也觉得荒唐
and they sound absurd to us.
我认为 Walley Beckett巧妙地运用了这些Walter的常用台词
Walley Beckett uses these words brilliantly, I think,
衬托了Walt的盲目
as an extension of Walt’s blindness.
这是这一集的高潮场景
And this is the climactic scene of the episode.
而在这段高潮中沸腾的一瞬间
And the clamactic moment in the scene
不是Walter和Skyler的争吵
is not the fight between Walt and Skyler,
而是同一句台词的两个不同效果带来的反应
but a reaction bracketed by 2 versions of the same line.
Walter第一次喊出了“我们是一家人啊”
The first time Walt screams it, “We are a family!”
但当他最终从家人的
But when he finally glimpses himself
眼中瞥见自己的身影时
through the eyes of his family,
同样的句子一下子失去了底气
Those same words deflate entirely.
(低声)“我们是一家人啊”
(murmurs)”We are a family.”
这里我们可以从这一集的题目
This is where we can find some insight
“Ozymandias”中看出一些端倪
in the episode title, “Ozymandias”,
这个题目指代雪莱于1818写的十四行诗
which references a sonnet by Percy Shelly from 1818.
实际上布莱恩·克兰斯顿
In fact it’s the poem that Bryan Cranston reads
在这季预告片中读过这首诗
in a promotional video for the season
表明Vince Gilligan和编剧们
showing that Vince Gilligan and the writers
想要突显题目和诗篇之间的联系
wanted to highlight this connection.
这首诗讲述了雪莱偶遇一名旅者的故事
The poem tells the story of Shelly’s meeting with a traveller
旅者详细描述了一座毁损的雕像Ozymandias
who described in detail a ruined sculpture of Ozymandias,
即拉美西斯二世
the Greek name for Ramses II
埃及帝国最有权势的法老
the most powerful Pharaoh of the Egyptian empire,
以及他曾经建立强盛帝国的那片荒原
and the empty landscape where his great empire used to stand.
有几个隐喻很明显
Some of the parallels here are obvious, like the shot
比如Walter White重重摔在地上的镜头
where Walter White falls rigidly to the ground
如同雕像的破碎
like a statute crumbling,
又比如Walter皱起的眉头和嘴唇
like Walter’s frown and wrinkled lip,
以及荒凉平坦的沙漠 向远处延伸
like the lone and level sand that stretched far away.
Johnson甚至设置了一些视觉效果
Johnson even stages some visual flourishes like
比如让破碎的车窗玻璃看起来
having the broken glass of the car window
像极了Walt和Jesse的蓝色冰毒
look a lot like Walt and Jesse’s blue meth.
将他们毒品帝国的崩坍视觉化
visualizing there empire fading into the desert.
如同那首诗 绝命毒师只是表现了
Like the poem, Breaking Bad is a comment
权力的短暂无常
on the transience of power
及其争夺它的人们的傲慢
and the arrogance of those who require it.
但这首诗也是关于
But the poem is also about
透过别人的眼睛进行观察
seeing through the eyes of others.
毕竟 我们只是通过雕刻师的眼睛
After all, we only see Ozymandias
来观察Ozymandias
through the eyes of the sculptor
而雕刻师则需要
and the sculptor’s work through the eyes of the traveller
通过旅者的眼睛和评价
and the traveller’s comment
旅者则是通过诗句 才知道Ozymandias的模样
through the words of the poet.
我觉得这首诗和绝命毒师很好的契合了
I think this is so applicable the Breaking Bad and
尤其是和这一集
to this episode particularly
因为制造戏剧效果的
because what makes drama work,
使其有趣的不是高潮迭起的动作镜头
what makes it interesting isn’t climactic action scenes
或夸张的人物性格刻画
or the bombastic declaration of colorful characters
亦或是一些大而空洞的理想
or even big ideas.
而是一连串的
It’s the succession of reactions that
由每次选择引发的反应
cascade off of every choice.
同住在地球上的人们的
The chemical and emotional reactions
化学反应和情感反应
of people living together on earth.
在这个时代的制片人
These days there is an incredible pressure
要承担难以想象的压力 才能做这样的一部片子
for show runners of a show like this
在脑中规划好结局
to have an end in mind,
坚持给观众一个震撼的结局
to stick the landing with big payoffs and developments that will shock all of us.
“Ozymandias”里就有这种震撼
“Ozymandias” has those things.
我觉得编剧和导演居功至伟
But I give the writers and director major credit
是由于他们把握住了这至关重要的一集
for sticking to what matters in an incredibly important episode,
才能我们看到 Walter White 王中之王
for letting us see, Walter White, king of kings,
在那些爱着他的人
undoing through the many eyes
眼中毁灭
of those who loved him.
每周有一个新书呆子作家视频
There is a brand new nerd writter video every week
所以如果你点击我在那儿设置的图标
so if you click that box that I’ve set up right there
就可以订阅这个频道 收到所有这些视频
you’ll subscribe to this channal and get all those videos
我会非常感谢
and I really appreciate that.
我还要感谢SQUARESPACE赞助这个视频
I have to thank SQUARESPACE for sponsoring this video,
他们从未要求在内容中做植入
they’ve never asked to interfere in the content,
简直就是我心目中赞助商的标杆
which is a standard of mine for sponsorships and
他们制作的时尚直观的网站很棒
they are amazing for that if you don’t know they make sleek intuitive websites
我建了个网站叫thenerdwritter.net
I just made one called thenerdwritter.net
你可以去看看
you can check that out.
嗯 如果你签约一年就可以得到一个免费域名
Um, and if you sign up for a year you can get a free domain name
如果你使用提取码 nerd writter
and if you use the offer code: nerd writter,
在第一次购买时可以得到10%的折扣
you can get 10% off your first purchase.
嗯 感谢各位收看
Um, thanks guys for that
我们下周三见
and I’ll see you all next Wednesday.

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译制信息
视频概述

探寻绝命毒师背后的秘密。详解第五季第十四集Ozymandias,从全新的角度审视这部神剧。

听录译者

金鱼汤

翻译译者

金鱼汤

审核员

赖皮

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZllwNlyTfLs

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