Since its founding, America has enjoyed population growth
famously fueled by high immigration rates.
But Americans have historically had large families compared to other countries, as well.
But times are changing.
Birth rates today have fallen to their lowest point in history,
And while birth rates have historically been connected to economic cycles,
the present decline is happening during good economic times.
The causes of the decline will be familiar for many viewers,
高房价 低婚恋率 经济和社交方面的不确定性
high housing costs, less datingand marriage, economic and social uncertainties.
And even though surveysshow Americans still want big families,
there are no cheap, easy solutions to fix this problem.
And unfortunately, the problem is self-reinforcing.
孩童的减少就意味着 下一代的工作人员将会减少 而他们要服务更多的人
Fewer children means that future generations will have fewer workers serving more people.
Who themselves will have less time to bear and care for children,
or retirees for that matter.
Even if Americans reform housing policy,
or offer greater financial support for families,
our birth rates will continue to decline,
and the fast economic growth that made America so strong in the 20th century
could vanish in the 21st.
So what do you think about this?
If you could go back in time
have your life turned out any way you wanted,
how many children would like to have?
Let us know in our poll.
Also, let us know what other topics
you’d like our scholars to cover in 60 seconds,
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