未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

持续下降的美国出生率

Birth rates are on the decline – and it's a problem | IN 60 SECONDS

美国下降的生育率
众说周知 美国的人口增长
Since its founding, America has enjoyed population growth
自建成以来就得益于高移民率
famously fueled by high immigration rates.
而且相较于其它国家 美国家庭一直都是成员众多
But Americans have historically had large families compared to other countries, as well.
然而时代变迁
But times are changing.
当今的出生率已降至历史最低点
Birth rates today have fallen to their lowest point in history,
虽然出生率一直都跟经济周期相关
And while birth rates have historically been connected to economic cycles,
但在现今良好的经济形势下 下降仍在持续
the present decline is happening during good economic times.
下降的原因对很多人来说并不陌生
The causes of the decline will be familiar for many viewers,
高房价 低婚恋率 经济和社交方面的不确定性
high housing costs, less datingand marriage, economic and social uncertainties.
尽管调查显示美国人依然希望组建大家族
And even though surveysshow Americans still want big families,
但要解决这个问题却并非易事
there are no cheap, easy solutions to fix this problem.
不幸的是 这个问题在自我强化
And unfortunately, the problem is self-reinforcing.
孩童的减少就意味着 下一代的工作人员将会减少 而他们要服务更多的人
Fewer children means that future generations will have fewer workers serving more people.
这样他们自己也将无暇生育及照顾孩子
Who themselves will have less time to bear and care for children,
或退休人员也将无人照料
or retirees for that matter.
尽管美国改善了房产政策
Even if Americans reform housing policy,
为家庭提供了更大的资金支持
or offer greater financial support for families,
我们的出生率还是会持续下降
our birth rates will continue to decline,
而20世纪使美国强大的高速经济增长
and the fast economic growth that made America so strong in the 20th century
在21世纪时 可能将不复存在
could vanish in the 21st.
所以 对这一现象你怎么认为
So what do you think about this?
如果能回到过去
If you could go back in time
让生活变成你想要的样子
have your life turned out any way you wanted,
你希望有几个孩子?
how many children would like to have?
请投票告诉我们
Let us know in our poll.
同时 告诉我们你希望
Also, let us know what other topics
我们的学者在60秒这个节目里涉及的话题
you’d like our scholars to cover in 60 seconds,
请给我们点赞 订阅 你将会收到更多来自美国能源独立协会的视频及研究
and be sure to like and subscribe for more research and videos from AEI.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

美国人喜欢大家族 可为何出生率却一降再降?如果是你 你想要几个孩子?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

红宝石

审核员

审核员BZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ehr18pmdEmg

相关推荐