He consistently ranks in the Forbes list of the world’s wealthiest people.
He’s one of the best known entrepreneurs
of the personal computer revolution.
He’s the second most generous philanthropist in America,
having given over twenty-eight billion dollars to charity.
He’s Bill Gates,
and here are his top ten rules for success.
When I started Microsoft,
I didn’t think of it as all that risky.
I mean, I was so excited about what we were doing.
It’s true (that) I could have gone bankrupt.
uh,but, I had a set of skills that were highly employable, and,
in fact, my parents were still willing to let me go back to Harvard
and finish my education if I wanted to.
You’ve always got a job with me, Bill. (laughter) And,
the only, the thing that was scary to me,
wasn’t quitting and starting the company,
it was when I started hiring my friends,
and they expected to be paid.
uh…(laughter)…and then we had customers who went bankrupt,
customers that I counted on to come through,
and so then I, I got this incredibly conservative approach
that I wanted to have enough money
in the bank to pay a year’s worth of payroll, uh,
even if we didn’t get any payments coming in
and I’m almost, uh, true to that the whole time,
we have about ten billion now,
which is pretty much enough for the next year. Uh…(laughter) Uh….(laughter)
A-anyway, you know, I…if you’re going to start a company,
it takes so much energy, that,
you know, you’d…you’d better
overcome your, your feeling of risk.
I don ’ t think that you necessarily,
if you ’ re gon na start a company,
should do it at the start of your career.
I think there’s a lot to be said
for working for a company
learning how they do things,
If you’re young, it’s hard to go and lease premises.
They made that hard for me.
You couldn ’ t run a car when you
were under 25 at the time, so I
was always taking taxis to go see customers.
People would say,
“ well we ’ re gonna go have a discussion in the bar ”. Well,
I couldn’t go to the bar.
That ’ s fun.Because I ’ ll tell you,
when people are first sceptical and they go
“ this kid doesn ’ t know anything ”,
then when you show them you ’ ve
really got a good product and you know something,
they actually tend to go overboard
他们会想 哇 他们懂得挺多
and they think “ wow…they know a lot.
Let’s really do an incredible amount with these people”.
So our youth, at least in this country,
was a huge asset for us
once we reached a certain threshold.
It is hard to hire older people because,
they ’ ll be a little bit conservative
about whether they should come and take the risk.
It took 3 or 4 years first
before we could go out into the normal employment pool.
But those problems that come from starting a firm,
you better think of those as part of the pleasure,
part of the challenge that is part of the excitement.
I want to thank Harvard for this honour.
I’ll be changing my job next year,
and it will be nice to finally have a college degree on my resume.
I applaud the graduates for taking a much more direct route to your degrees.
From my part, I ’ m just happy that the Crimson called me,
“ Harvard’s most successful dropout ”.
I guess that makes me valedictorian of my own special class.
I did the best of everyone who failed.
But I also want to be recognised
as the guy who got Steve Ballmer to drop out of business school.
I’m a bad influence.
That’s why I was invited to speak at your graduation.
If I ’ d spoken at your orientation…fewer of you might be here today.
I’m in meetings a lot.
My calendar gets very full with those and then
at night after the kids have gone to bed,
I’m on email a great deal.
I get messages during the day,
that ’ s my chance to give long responses.
Then over the weekend, I send a lot of mail as well.
I take 2 weeks a year to just go off and read and think.
Where I’m not interrupted by work or anything else.
I’m just solidly trying to think about the future and,
people get to send me things to read
as part of that so-called “ think week ”.
So it’s a nice mix of things.
About 25% of the time that I’m out, travelling around, meeting with customers: Europe, Asia.
That sort of helps me think,
do we have the right priorities?
What are people responding well to?
What will they like to see us do better?
Hello，I’m Bill Gates, Chairman of Microsoft.
In this video, you’re going to see the future. Windows.
Microsoft first came up with the Windows concept back in 1983.
Today the leading software users have switched into the Windows environment.
It ’ s really incredible how quickly our powerful applications
如同被使用的Word Excel PPT一样
like Word and Excel and PowerPoint have been adopted.
It’s not just Microsoft applications, even companies like WordPerfect and Lotus,
have now come out with Windows applications.
Every week we see new innovative work.
It’s really attracting all the innovation in the industry.
We predicted this a long time ago and now it ’ s the future.
The key point there is, you ’ ve got
to enjoy what you do every day and for me,
that ’ s working with various smart people,
it’s working on new problems.
Every time we think,
“ hey, we ’ ve had a little bit of success ”,
we ’ re pretty careful not to dwell
on it too much because the bar gets raised.
I love Bridge.
Bridge helps you think.
It ’ s a game you can play
your entire life and keep getting better and better
I think anybody who ’ s good at Bridge,
is going to degrade a lot of things so,
I really encourage people to get involved and I want
to thank the people who ’ ve put things together for juniors.
They ’ ll be thanking you the rest
of their life ‘ cause bridge is such a great sport.
I ’ ve talked to my dad, I
’ ve talked to Warren, I ’ ve
talked to my wife Melinda so,
I have enough people that know me and
actually know where my judgement is not it ’ s strongest.
Where I get over excited about something or forget to think
about something and so,
They ’ re good at correcting, particularly Melinda,
good at correcting whatever those blind spots are.
I think it ’ s good to encourage
your friends and advisors to really give them that license.
I can go to a party and forget
to say hello to various people or something.
– That’s a very minor example of my blindspots.
– Not to the hostess.
– Melinda would help me do that.- Yeah, she would.
A small number of people that you can turn to
on certain key things is a great asset.
My best business decisions really have to do with picking people.
Deciding to go into partnership with Paul Allen is probably
at the top of the list then subsequently,
hiring a friend, Steve Ballmer and having somebody who you totally trust,
who ’ s totally committed,
who shares your vision and yet has a little bit different set
of skills and also acts as a check on you.
Some of the ideas you come up with, you
run by them because you know they ’ re going
to say, “ wait a minute.
Have you thought about this and that?”
The benefit of sparking off of somebody
whose got that kind of brilliance,
it ’ s not only made it fun,
but it ’ s really led to a lot of success. So,
picking a partner is crucial.
I had one habit that I developed when I was at college.
It was actually a very bad habit, which was,
I liked to show people that I didn ’ t
do any work and I didn ’ t go to
classes and I didn ’ t care.
Then at the very last minute, like two days before the test,
I ’ d get serious about it.
人们会觉得那样很有趣 那就是我的定位 那个家伙什么也不干直到最后一分钟
People thought that was funny. That was my positioning: the guy who did nothing until the last minute.
Then when I went into business, that was a really bad habit.
It took me a couple of years to get over that.
Nobody praised me because I would do things at the last minute.
I tried to reverse to students that I didn
’ t think that highly of, who were
always organised and had things done on time.
– I ’ m still working
on it but procrastination is not a good habit.
– Bill can change clothes in the car…
So I ’ m gon na challenge Bill Gates,
my partner on Facebook Sheryl Sandberg and Netflix
’ s founder and CEO Reed Hastings.
I’m glad to give to ALS.
It’s a great cause.
But I want to accept this challenge.
I want to do it better than it’s been done.
Been working on this.
Got this design.
There we go.
It’s gonna be great.
I ’ m here to join the people bringing attention
to Lou Gehrig’s disease by taking the ALS ice bucket challenge.
I’m gonna challenge 3 more people.
Elon Musk, Ryan Seacrest and Chris Anderson of Ted, consider yourself challenged.
You have 24 hours. Good luck.
#People let me tell you ‘bout my best friend. He’s a warm-hearted person who’ll love me to the end.#
#People let me tell you ‘bout my best friend. He’s the one boy, cuddly toy, my up, my down, my pride and joy.#
#People let me tell you ‘bout him, he’s so much fun. Whether we’re talking man to man…#
#…or whether we’re talking son to son ‘cause he’s my best friend.#
Is it true that you can leap over a chair from a standing position?
It depends on the size of the chair.
I’ll cheat a little bit.
#What is love?#
By the way,
I believe in winners and losers and especially the freedom to fail.
– Who him?
– Who him?
#I don’t know when you’re not there…#
– No way!- #What is love? Baby don’t hurt me…# Oh,
Thank you so much for watching.
I made this video because a bunch of you guys were asking me to.
So if there ’ s a famous entrepreneur
that you want me to profile next,
leave in the comments below and I ’ ll see what I can do.
I ’ m also curious to know what you think
of Bill Gates as an entrepreneur and,
which of the ten rules most resonates with you.
Leave it below in the comments and I
’ m gon na join the discussion.
Thank you so much for watching.
Continue to believe and I’ll see you soon.