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普通民众 VS 比尔·盖茨——名人比较 – 译学馆
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普通民众 VS 比尔·盖茨——名人比较

Bill Gates vs the Average American - How Do They Compare - Celebrity Comparison

威廉·亨利·盖茨3世 也就是比尔·盖茨
William Henry Gates III, aka, Bill Gates,
目前以869亿美元的预估资产
currently ranks in first place on the Forbes list of the world’s billionaires
位列福布斯全球亿万富豪榜第一
with an estimated worth of 86.9 billion dollars.
童年时期小名为“特莱”的这个男人
Nicknamed ‘Trey’ throughout his early childhood,
和别人合作创建了微软公司
the man who co-founded Microsoft and created
开发了Windows操作系统
the Windows operating system,
成为计算机技术领域先驱的盖茨
seemed destined as a precocious yet sometimes troubled youth
注定是早熟的 又是年少轻狂的
to become a pioneer of computer technology.
盖茨不仅在计算机编程领域被奉为神明
Gates could be said to be the apotheosis of computer programming,
还是高科技界的半神
a demi-God of Geekdom,
但这个闻名遐迩的创始人
but what does this prevailing pioneer have in
和我们普通人有什么共同点呢?
common with us common folks?
本期的Infographics秀为你带来:
Let us find out in this episode of The Infographics Show,
比尔·盖茨 VS 美国民众
Bill Gates vs the Average American.
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Don’t forget to subscribe and click the bell button
并点击铃铛按钮获取及时通知
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1955年10月28日 小比尔出生于西雅图
Born on October 28th, 1955, in Seattle, baby Bill,
家里三个孩子 他排行老二
the second of three children,
体重9磅13盎司
weighed in at 9 pounds 13 ounces.
这比美国新生儿平均体重重2磅
This is just over 2 pounds above the average weight of an American newborn.
他的父亲 也叫比尔·盖茨 是一个成功的律师
His father, also named Bill Gates, was a successful
母亲玛丽是著名的女商人
lawyer, and his mother, Mary, was a prominent businesswoman.
盖茨是德国人 爱尔兰人 苏格兰-爱尔兰人的后裔
The Gates’ ancestry is German, Irish, and Scottish-Irish.
目前美国白人占美国总人口的72.4%
As a white American, Gates belongs to 72.4 percent of
比尔·盖茨是其中的一员
other white Americans that currently make-up the U.S. population.
美国的德国裔 爱尔兰裔
His German and Irish ancestry also makes him part of
分别占美国总人口的17.1%和12%
the two largest ancestral groups in America,
盖茨的血统使其成为这两大族群中的一员
at 17.1 percent and 12 percent, respectively.
盖茨的超级天才身份毋庸置疑
Notwithstanding Gates’ inarguable status as a superlative genius,
但拥有天才大脑的他也仅是凡人之躯
the parts of his body outside of his brain are very much average.
盖茨的身高是5英尺9.5英寸
Gates stands at five feet nine and a half inches,
仅比美国男性的平均身高高一点
which is just above the American average for a man.
盖茨体型偏瘦
His figure is on the slight side,
体重约141磅(64千克)
with him weighing in at around 141 lbs (64kgs).
美国男性的平均体重是76~84千克
The average weight for an American male is somewhere between 167 lbs (76kgs) and 185 lbs (84kgs),
参照正常体重范围标准
although according to normal weight range ratios,
盖茨先生的体重肯定在安全参数内
Mr. Gates can feel assured he fits snuggly within the parameters of what is considered a ‘safe’ weight.
盖茨拥有浅棕色头发 蓝眼睛 穿9号的鞋
With light brown hair, blue eyes and size 9 shoes,
发色是美国最常见的
Gates has the most common hair color in the USA
眼睛的颜色是美国第二常见的
and the second most common eye color.
就鞋号来说 盖茨与普通人也不太一样
He also departs from the average man regarding shoe size,
美国男性一般穿10号的鞋子
with size 10 being the median for an American male.
和相对正常的体型特征相比
Where Bill Gates overrides his rather normal physical
大家更关注的是盖茨的智商指数
characteristics is in the realm of his intelligence.
盖茨的智商一直有争议
While Gates’ IQ has been a matter of debate,
一般认为在160左右
it’s thought to be in the region of 160.
但是他从未公开承认过这一点
Gates, however, has never confirmed this publicly.
2012年 当新德里电视台问及智商问题时
When asked by NDTV in 2012 what his IQ was,
盖茨并未作出正面回答
he skirted around the answer,
谈及智商测试时 他说:“我答得很好”
stating “I did well” when he took IQ tests,
又补充道:“我很擅长那些奇葩问题”
adding, “I’m good at those goofy questions.”
那就这样吧 我们就当盖茨的智商是160
But just for fun, let’s say Gates’ IQ is 160;
而美国人的平均智商是98 盖茨远出其上
that would put him way above the American average of 98.
所以盖茨在高智商人群中占有一席之地
It would also secure him a place in the world’s High IQ Society,
尽管该人群只占总人口的0.01%
putting him in the 99.99th percentile of eggheads.
你别惊讶 还在湖滨学校读书时
Not surprisingly then, we learn that at his school, Lakeside Prep,
盖茨就用当时被认为比较先进的电脑
he used what was then considered a “far-out” machine
编写了一个人机对战的井字游戏
to create a computer Vs. human game of tic-tac-toe.
学校如获至宝
The school was so impressed,
就让他编写分班的代码
they allowed him to write the code for scheduling classes.
作为从小就离经叛道的淘气包
Gates, a rebellious iconoclast from a young age,
盖茨就借此机会
then was said to have written the code
把自己分在一个有“超多有趣女孩儿”的班里
so that he was put in classes with a “disproportionate number of interesting girls.”
从任何一个方面来看 编码这件事都非比寻常
This went against averageness in every way,
因为那个年代 不说孩子写代码让人难以置信
as in those days not only was kids writing code unbelievable,
大多数人甚至都不知道电脑代码为何物
but most humans didn’t know what computer code was.
17岁时 盖茨首次编程 从学校赚了4,200美元
He made $4,200 from the school for his first computer program when he was just 17.
当时是1972年 美国人的年均工资是7,133美元
That was in 1972, when the average yearly American wage was $7,133.
他以及他的朋友也是后来微软公司的合伙人保罗·艾伦
He also got banned from programming at school with
两人被校方禁止继续编程
his friend and co-founder of Microsoft, Paul Allen,
因为知道密码的他们在电脑上疯玩儿
as the two had exploited the code to gain more computer time.
尽管盖茨无视校规
In spite of his disregard for school rules
但他在美国大学入学考试标准化测试中成绩优异
Gates did remarkably well on his SATs,
总分1600 他考了1590
scoring a 1590 out of 1600.
也就是说在入学考试中 他成为了1%的佼佼者
This put him in the 99th percentile of test takers,
因为总共有167万考生
with only 1149 other students from
像他一样优秀的仅有1149人
1.67 million testers being able to do as well as he did.
顺便说一下
Incidentally,
他的好友兼未来生意合伙人保罗·艾伦考得更好
his good friend Paul Allen and future business partner did even better,
获得了满分
attaining a perfect score.
爱好编程的年轻盖茨
On seeing the young Gates proclivity for programming,
考取了常春藤盟校之一的哈佛大学
he was granted a place at Ivy League Harvard University.
2013年 达到大学入学标准的美国考生占65.9%
As of 2013, 65.9 percent of Americans achieve entrance at university level.
而进入哈佛并非易事
Getting into Harvard, however, is no easy feat with the
因为哈佛2020届新生的录取率仅为5.22%
admission rate for 2020 standing at 5.22%.
但我们年轻准企业家盖茨可不管这些
This didn’t seem to have much impact on our young soon-to-be entrepreneur,
他直接从哈佛退学了
who dropped out of Harvard to devote himself to what
一手创办了今天全球数一数二的知名公司
would become one of the world’s most recognizable corporations.
在美国 大学退学没你想的那么稀罕
Dropping-out of university in the USA is perhaps more common than you may have thought,
超过一半的在读大学生不准备一次性完成学业
with more than half of enrolled university students deciding not to finish their degree – in one sitting at least.
1975年和艾伦创建微软公司时 盖茨才20岁
When Gates and Allen started Microsoft in 1975, Gates was just 20 years old.
一些早早创业的企业家们的成功
While the tech industry is renowned for some of its
让科技产业声名远播
most successful entrepreneurs to have started young,
如今创办公司的条件仍然相当成熟
this is still today a fairly ripe age to start a company.
所以我们不能把比尔·盖茨
While today we don’t associate Bill Gates with
和不顾一切 鲁莽联系在一起
a devil-may-care, reckless attitude,
但事实是离开哈佛两年后
two years after leaving Harvard the young man was
年轻的盖茨就因无证驾驶和超速被逮捕
arrested for driving without a license and speeding,
又过了两年 他因无证驾驶和违章停车再次被捕
and two years later arrested again for driving without a license and not stopping at a stop sign.
1/3的美国人有犯罪记录 盖茨是其中的一员
He joins one in three Americans that have a police record.
撇去盖茨小小的违法行为不讲
Aside from his brushes with the law,
当大多数人都不知道硅谷为何方神圣时
Gates was making hay while most of the world wasn’t even aware
盖茨已在那里大放异彩
the sun was shining on a place we now know as Silicon Valley.
80年代盖茨为IBM公司开发了MS-DOS操作系统
Gates built IBM’s MS-DOS operating system in the early 80s,
获得了人生的第一桶金:50,000美元
giving him his first windfall of $50,000 –
当然这笔钱和盖茨接下来的成功比起来微不足道
a measly sum in retrospect considering what was about to happen.
盖茨可是手握软件版权的男人
He held on to the copyright of the software,
当个人电脑开始风靡全世界 成为家居特色时
and when PCs started becoming a feature in households all over the world,
微软帝国也走上了科技垄断之路
the Microsoft empire was on its way to becoming a technology monopoly.
之后不久
Soon after Microsoft
1985年微软开发了第一个Windows操作系统
created its first Windows operating system in 1985,
全球90%的个人电脑将运行此系统
90 percent of PCs worldwide would be running it.
不过 当时美国家庭的电脑普及率仅为8%
Still, it’s thought that only about 8 percent of American households had a PC back then.
Windows 1.0售价99美元
Windows 1.0 was $99,
让盖茨小小地赚了一笔
and it would make Gates a small fortune.
2016年Windows 1.0升级成Windows 10
Windows 1.0 became Windows 10 in 2016,
这让当年那个早熟的小比尔赚了数十亿美元
and billions of dollars had been made by a once precocious little Bill.
盖茨为慈善机构捐资数十亿美元
He’s donated billions to charity,
和许多科技狂人一样
appeared on The Simpsons –
比尔·盖茨也在《辛普森一家》中出过镜
as every tech geek seems to do –
整个过程中 他秉持孩童般的好奇心
and throughout it all, he’s held onto a childish curiosity.
当被问及宗教和生命的意义时
When asked about religion and the meaning of life,
盖茨的回答很含糊:
Gates has been vague, once saying,
世界的神秘和美丽非常不可思议
“The mystery and the beauty of the world is overwhelmingly amazing,
它的产生没有科学解释
and there’s no scientific explanation of how it came about.”
但是盖茨的疑神论并不能反映美国民众的观点
Gates’ doubt in divinity doesn’t reflect the average American, however,
2014年皮尤研究中心表示
with the Pew Research Center reporting in 2014 that
92%的美国人相信上帝存在
92 percent of Americans believed in the existence of God,
63%的美国人认为上帝“绝对存在”
with 63 percent of Americans feeling “absolutely sure” that God exists.
有一则逸事广为流传:
There’s an anecdote people like to tell
比尔·盖茨这么能赚钱
which states that Bill Gates makes so much money,
一秒就能赚100美元
over a hundred dollars a second,
如果盖茨掉了100美元 他都不屑于弯腰去捡
that it wouldn’t be worth his time to pick-up a hundred-dollar bill if he dropped one.
盖茨不相信钱多让人快乐这一见解
But Gates is no believer in the supposition that lots of money makes you happy.
事实上 他表示只把财富中的1千万美元留给孩子
In fact, he says he’s only leaving his children about $10 million from his fortune,
他说:“留给孩子大量财富对他们来说不是好事”
once saying, “Leaving kids massive amounts of money is not a favor to them.”
不管怎样 盖茨的3个孩子应该不愁吃穿
Regardless, his three children should do ok,
因为美国人口调查局表示:
considering the US Census Bureau says
美国的人均年收入为3.5万美元
the average salary in America is $35,000 a year.
140万美元就能让他们少奋斗40年了
That’s $1,400,000 for 40 years’ hard graft.
虽然盖茨不是一个高调的富豪 但他很爱车
While Gates is not an ostentatious spender, he likes his cars.
他说自己有时会开着“福特福克斯”去上班
He’s said to sometimes drive his Ford Focus to work,
但最中意的是价值22.5万美元的保时捷959
but his most cherished vehicle is his $225,000 Porsche 959.
盖茨共有23辆车
He owns 23 cars altogether,
远远超出美国家庭的平均汽车拥有量
a few more than the average American household,
2013年平均每个美国家庭拥有汽车1.927辆
which owned 1.927 cars in 2013.
盖茨表示 他的“大挥霍”当属自己的私人飞机
According to Gates, his “big splurge” is his private plane,
但这和他的总财产比起来简直九牛一毛
but the Gates main property was hardly a paltry acquisition.
盖茨的豪宅位于麦地那市 金县
His mansion in King County, Medina,
和2014年美国平均房价18.89万美元比起来
is said to be worth a princely 120 million dollars,
盖茨那据说价值1.2亿美元的豪宅简直高不可攀
compared to the average house cost in the USA of $188,900 – in 2014 at least.
虽然成就不凡 天赋没得说
For all his grand accomplishments and indisputable genius,
但盖茨坚持认为自己只是个普通人
Gates likes to maintain that he is just an average guy.
他说自己喜欢独立乐队“威瑟乐团”
He says he is fond of indie band Weezer,
还喜欢反复观看恶搞纪录片《摇滚万万岁》
and has a liking for watching re-runs of the spoof documentary, Spinal Tap.
盖茨说:“到了一定年纪 金钱对我来说就没用了”
“Money has no utility to me beyond a certain point,” Gates has said,
他还说:“我每天晚上都自己洗餐具”
along with “I do the dishes every night.”
也许这是技术帝接地气的一个佐证吧
This is perhaps testament to the fact that the techno-God keeps his feet firmly on the ground.
你如何看待来自西雅图的盖茨呢?
So how do you compare to the man from Seattle?
请在评论区告诉我们
Let us know in the comments!
如果你喜欢此类对比视频
And if you like these types of comparisons,
我们还有其它视频等着你:
be sure to check out our other video,
唐纳德·特朗普 VS 美国民众
Donald Trump vs the Average American.
感谢收看 按照惯例
Thanks for watching, and, as always,
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don’t forget to like, share, and subscribe.
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Also, please consider heading over to our Patreon;
我们目前正筹集资金 以招募更多的编剧
we are currently raising money to hire more writers
这样我们就能继续为大家带来两周一次的视频啦
so that we can continue bringing you this bi-weekly show!

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本视频比较了美国民众和比尔·盖茨的不同。

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