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蓝莓对人情绪和机能灵活性的益处 – 译学馆
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蓝莓对人情绪和机能灵活性的益处

Benefits of Blueberries for Mood and Mobility

蓝莓对人的情绪和行动能力益处
“Benefits of Blueberries for Mood and Mobility”
食用蓝莓能够加强大脑的有益信号
The consumption of berries can enhance beneficial signaling in the brain.
植物性食物是我们
Plant foods are our primary source
抗氧化剂和抗消炎化合物的第一手来源
of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds,
但有些植物性食物显然要好于同类
but some plant foods may be better than others.
我之前解释过 每天一杯蓝莓
As I’ve explained before, onecup of blueberries a day
能够提高老年人的认知能力
can improve cognition among older adults,
蓝莓也出现在双盲安慰剂随机控制实验中
as shown in this randomized,double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
仅在一顿简单的蓝莓餐后
And the same thing in kids
孩子身上也有同种现象
after just a single meal of blueberries;
而两杯蓝莓比一杯更有效果
though, two cups may work better than one.
一杯浆果饮品还能改善心情
That single hit of berries may also improve mood.
在一次双盲安慰剂对照的交叉研究中
A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study
孩子们被问及一系列问题:
in which kids are asked a series of questions:
你的心情是轻度起伏 还是波澜不惊
Are you very slightly or not at all,
是有点 适度 还是相当大的波动
a little, moderately, quite a bit,
又或者是极度感兴趣 激动或强烈等
or extremely interested, excited, strong, etc.
服用安慰剂前后
Before and after drinking the placebo,
没有显著变化
no significant change,
但摄入约两杯蓝莓后的两个小时
but two hours after consuming about two cups of blueberries,
他们的积极情绪得到显著改善
their positive mood scores significantly improved.
觉得自己更热情 机灵
They felt more enthusiastic, alert,
更聪明 注意力也更集中等等
inspired, attentive—that kind of thing.
这在18-21岁的青壮年
That was in young adults,ages 18 through 21;
和7-10岁的孩子身上也同样奏效
same thing in 7 to 10-year-old children.
难道这是种危险的新型兴奋剂或利他林?
Some dangerous new moodenhancing drug or Ritalin?
不 蓝莓只是一种餐后饮品而已
No, blueberries—and just after a single meal.
但蓝莓不是万能的
Now blueberries can’t do everything.
虽然一杯蓝莓确实能改善大脑功能
Although a cup of berries certainlyappears to improve brain function…
但在行走和平衡上没有明显的提高
no improvement in walkingor balance was observed.
或许你可以试一下一天喝两杯蓝莓?
Maybe if you tried two cupsof blueberries a day?
我们试试吧!
Let’s do it!
一日两杯冰冻蓝莓 持续六周
Would six weeks of two cupsof frozen blueberries a day
是否能影响到60岁以上人群的行动能力呢?
affect the functional mobilityin adults over age 60?
我们来看看吧
Let’s find out.
刚开始做这个实验时有多令人惊喜呢?
How awesome is it that this study was ever done in the first place?
随机将蓝莓或胡萝卜汁作为对照
Randomized to blueberries orcarrot juice as a control,
来测试一下在木板上行走能力
measuring things like walking a plank,
看你是否能在狭窄的路径上保持平衡
seeing if you can maintain yourbalance along a narrow path.
先用两条鲜艳的黄绳在地上标出这个窄道
Two bright yellow ropes on thefloor outlined the narrow path,
再引导参与者在绳子道路内行走
and participants were instructedto walk down within the roped path.
结果蓝莓打败了胡萝卜汁
And the blueberries beatout the carrot juice;
这些改善结果意义重大
significant improvements,
这表明补充蓝莓能有效对抗
suggesting blueberry supplementation may provide an effective countermeasure
随年龄增长导致的人体机能灵活性下降
to age-related declines in functional mobility.
回顾一下
And looking back
他们认为自己该使用黄瓜作为对照
they were thinking maybe they should have used something like cucumber as a control,
而胡萝卜也可能会有改善作用
since the carrots may haveoffered some benefit as well,
用黄瓜会更加凸显蓝莓的效果
making the blueberry resultseven more impressive.
总之 该研究表明
Overall, this study demonstrates the need
人们需要将补充蓝莓作为非药理性手段
for greater exploration ofblueberry supplementation
对抗一些大众健康问题
as a nonpharmacologic countermeasure
如衰老性机体功能下降及不能自理的问题
to the public health issue of age-related declines and independence.
总结一下:
Or to use the pun version:
植物性营养富足的饮食干预
dietary interventions withphytonutrient-rich foods
比如蓝莓能提供潜在高效的作用
such as blueberries presenta potentially fruitful strategy
来对抗衰老性神经变性的
for combating some ofthe deleterious effects
不良影响
of age-related neurodegeneration.

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视频概述

原来一直被忽视的蓝莓对人体竟然有这么棒的好处!

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0qBVUfk4jFA

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