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北爱尔兰旅行探索 – 译学馆
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北爱尔兰旅行探索

Belfast, Northern Ireland: Orangemen Parades - Rick Steves’ Europe Travel Guide - Travel Bite

Here in Northern Ireland sight-seeing makes more sense
在北爱尔兰观光 多了解点文化背景
with a little background.
旅行会更有意义
All of Ireland was once ruled by Britain.
爱尔兰曾全境一度处于英国的统治之下
But the Irish didn’t assimilate quite according to plan.
但爱尔兰人民并没按预期被英国同化
While Britain was Protestant,
原因是英国信仰新教
most of the Irish were Catholic,
而大多数爱尔兰人是天主教徒
and with these religious differences
由于宗教信仰的不同
came a deep-seated cultural divide.
两者之间产生了深层的文化隔阂
To help bolster its control, London planted settlers,
为巩固统治 伦敦派出了新教移民
Protestant settlers mostly from Scotland.
他们大多数来自于苏格兰
These people became the Scots-Irish,
这部分人成为苏格兰-爱尔兰人
the dominant ethnic group in North Ireland today.
是如今北爱尔兰的主要民族
But centuries of British rule led to strife.
但英国几个世纪的统治导致了纷争
In the 1920s, after a bloody war,
在20世纪20年代的一场血腥战争后
most of Ireland became an independent country, Catholic
爱尔兰大部分地区独立为一个天主教国家
and ruled from Dublin.
其首都位于都柏林
But the north, with its Protestant majority,
但在北部 新教徒占主导地位
opted to stay with Britain.
他们选择了留在不列颠
And the island remains divided to this day.
因此 爱尔兰岛至今仍保持着分裂的状态
You’ll see symbols of that division throughout Northern Ireland.
分裂的迹象贯穿北爱尔兰全境
Protestant Orange parades are common.
新教徒的橙色游行十分常见
Several thousand a year during marching season,
游行季从复活节持续到九月初
between Easter and early September,
每年都有几千次游行
fill the streets with sectarian pageantry.
整个街道都充斥着宗教游行盛典
While 90% of these parade through Protestant towns and are, therefore, peaceful,
90%的游行是和平的 它们只经过新教城镇
a few are antagonistic,
少数游行则与之相反
marching through Catholic towns and neighborhoods.
他们穿过天主教城镇及其周边
Far more political than your average parade,
这些游行比一般的游行有更多的政治性
these are like pep rallies for the cause
就像是为了维持和英国的联盟而举办的
of continued union with Britain…
赛前动员会
…a chance for parents to share their political passions with their kids.
也是父母向孩子分享他们政治热情的机会
[ Drum pattern ]
[鼓点]
The long-established Orange Order
建立多年的橙带党
works to defend the union with Britain,
为保卫与英国的联盟而奋斗
so their political philosophy is Unionist.
联邦主义是他们的政治哲学
Orange is the team color and the Union Jack is its flag.
团队颜色是橙色 队旗是联合王国的国旗
This is countered on the Catholic side
这些都是在和
by Nationalists and Republicans,
由民族党和共和党组成的天主教对着干
people who want the entire island to be one nation.
后者希望整个岛屿成为一个国家
Their color is green and they fly the Irish flag.
他们的颜色是绿色 他们升起的是爱尔兰国旗
In the Republic of Ireland, there’s no question, Catholics rule.
爱尔兰共和国无疑是由天主教统治
But here in the Protestant-dominated north,
但在新教统治的北部地区
the Catholics, with over a third of the population,
占三分之一以上人口的天主教徒
are just too big a minority to ignore.
也是一个不能忽视的少数派
In order to maintain control,
为维护统治
Protestants employed policies which were tough on Catholics.
新教实行了对天主教十分严厉的政策
This escalated tensions which led to the Troubles,
逐步加剧的紧张状态导致的麻烦
which have filled headlines around here
从20世纪60年代末起 就一直占据着
since the late 1960s.
这里的头条位置
As Protestants and Catholics clashed,
当新教和天主教发生冲突
the British army entered the fray
英国军队就参与进了纷争中
and they’ve been here ever since.
他们从那以后一直留在了这里
Thankfully, real progress toward peace has been made recently
幸运的是 和平进程最近终于有了实质性进展
and, while you still don’t want to sing Protestant songs
当然 你仍然不想在天主教酒吧里
in a Catholic pub like this, or vice versa,
唱新教的歌 反之亦然
Northern Ireland has become a great place to visit.
北爱尔兰已经成为了一个非常棒的旅行之地

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到北爱尔兰旅游,了解一些历史文化背景会让你对这个国家有更好的了解,北爱尔兰和英国的关系如何,原因又是什么?一起探索吧!

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