News review From BBC learning English.
大家好 欢迎来到新闻评论 本节目
Hello and welcome to News Review. The program
where we show you how to use the language
from the latest news stories in your everyday English
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嗨 我是Neil 这是我的搭档Catherine 你好 Catherine
Hi, I’m Neil, joining me is Catherine. Hello, Catherine.
So what have you got for us today?
Got a story today about someone who’s just lost their job.
一个失业的人 情况看似不妙 对吗？
someone who’s lost their job, that doesn’t seem very nice, does it?
Let’s find out more from this BBC World Service News Bulletin.
特朗普总统已经开除了司法部代理部长 Sally Yates
President Trump has fired his acting attorney general, Sally Yates,
原因是几个小时之前 Sally Yates 在法庭上告诉
hours after she told justice department lawyers
not to defend his controversial travel restrictions against seven mainly Muslim countries in court.
一份白宫声明中指控 Sally Yates 说她背叛
A White House statement accused her of betrayal.
那么 正如你所知道的 几天前
So as you probably know, a few days ago,
President Trump gave an order
banning people from 7 Muslim majority countries from entering the United States of America.
Now there has been a lot of disagreement about this policy.
And the US Attorney General, that’s the head of the Justice Department.
has told Justice Department lawyers not to defend the ban in court.
And as a result of this, President Trump has removed her from her job.
OK…Well, you’ve been scanning the news, websites for the story. And
um…What are the words and expressions which are useful?
OK, so today we are going to look at
Sack or fire, defying and betrayal.
好 让我们从第一个开始 sack或fire
So let’s start with the first one, sack or fire.
好 在BBC新闻网站上 我们有这样的标题
OK, so on the BBC News website. We have the headline,
Trump sacks defiant acting attorney general Sally Yates.
And on Sky News, Trump fires attorney general over travel ban.
So both ‘sack’ and ‘fire’ meaning remove from the job.
What is the difference between those?
They are pretty much interchangeable.
But ‘Fires’ is generally American English, whereas ‘sacked’ in here more in British English.
Although British people do understand ‘fire’ and ‘sack’ as being… having the same meaning.
Yeah, they are both quite of short dramatic words.
非常简短 非常引人注目的 非常不正式
Very short, very dramatic, very informal,
You don’t see them very much written down, you wouldn’t put them in a formal letter, you wouldn’t probably put them in a formal email.
The formal way is probably dismiss.
Yes, and um… these words are often used in the passive, aren’t they?
这些词的使用方法是 ‘be fired’ ‘get sacked’（你会被解雇的）
That use you can ‘be fired’, you can ‘get sacked’.
嗯……嗯……对 我们常常这样使用它们 是的
Em…em…yeah, we often use them in that way. Yes.
Yeah, and there is an expression in British English.
我们通常说 ‘to give someone the sack’（解雇某人）
We say, ‘to give someone the sack’.
你可以give someone the sack 但不是字面上的给某人什么东西
you can give someone the sack, not literally giving them anything,
but it means you are removing them from their jobs.
Usually because they’ve done something bad or because they haven’t performed or succeeded in their job very well.
Yeah, this is not a nice way of losing it…yeah, it is not redundancy or retirement.
No, it’s not a happy ending.
You are not leaving because you want to. You are leaving beause you’ve been told to leave,
because of a problem that you are responsible for usually.
—你被解雇过吗 Neil？ —无稽之谈！我被解雇过吗？
-Yeah.Have you been sacked, Neil ?-What an incredible question! Have I been sacked?
No, I’ve never been sacked.
但是 你懂的 这只是目前没有
But, you know, there’s time yet.
There’s time yet. We’ll see if we can sort something out.
remove someone from their job-She was sacked because she was late everyday.
-He fired the driver for being drunk.
Possible reason for being sacked or fired, could be
connected to the this next word.
下一个词 好的 我们这次把目光转向独立报网站
Next word, OK. So we are moving on this time to The Independent website.
The headline says,
Donald Trump fires acting Attorney General for defying executive order banning refugees.
Yeah, defying meaning refusing to obey.
Yeah, and that can be…you can refuse to obey a person…a person or authority.
You can refuse to obey an order.
You can refuse to obey a rule.
And if you do this refusal to obey, usually as an act of protest,
because you don’t like what you’ve been told to do.
That we call it…it um…it’s defiance.
或者 在这种情况下 用动词形式defy 或defying
Or in this case…in the verb form, defy or defying.
是的 这经常是一种故意行为 不是么？
Yeah. Yes, it is a deliberate act, isn’t it often?
You are showing your displeasure or your disagreement.
这完全是一种激进的行为 这是抗议 你通常不会安安静静地去做这样的事
And it’s quite an aggressive act. It’s a protest. You don’t do it quietly, usually.
‘act of defiance’ 是一种非常好的表达抗议的方式
An act of defiance. And that’s a really nice expression, act of defiance.
It’s something you do to show that you really don’t like
what you’ve been told to do.
例如 如果你是吸烟者 你就会认为吸烟是你的人权
For example, if you were a smoker, and you thought that it was your human right to smoke.
And when you went into a restaurant in this country or many other countries where smoking is now illegal as banned.
and you took out your cigarette and lit it.
-Proudly, – Proudly – angrily, – exhaling your smoke- in the manager’s face.
That would a large act…a strong act of defiance.
你可能会被赶出餐厅 如果你在工作的时候这样做 你将会被解雇
You probably would be removed from the restaurant. And if you did it at work, you might get sacked.
refusing to obey-Stop defying me or I’ll stop your pocket money.
I was thrown out of the cafe for defying the smoking ban.
Which leads us on now,
to our third word and headline?
好 我们现在看着ITV新闻网站 网站的标题是
OK.So now we are looking at ITV News Website. And the headline here is:
Trump fires attorney general over travel ban ‘betrayal’.
Betrayal, an act…
of not being loyal.
Yes…it’s a little bit like defiance, isn’t it?
在某种程度上 当你做的事情与别人对你的期待或者对你下一步行动的预料相反时 你就是背叛
It is in a way, when you are doing something opposite to what is expected of you or opposite of what people think you are going to do.
With defiance, you are protesting…you doing it against rules or authority.
With betrayal, you are doing something which works in opposition to friendship or trust.
For example, perhaps um…you support a certain football team.
And you got a star player, the guy that you really love.
—后来 在某个季度 他决定加入同一城市里的 最近的对手球队—你讨厌的邻家的球队
-And then, one season, he decides to play for the city rivals, the closest…-the nextdoor team you hate.
maybe you support Manchester United and the player goes to the Manchester City
or real Madrid,they go to Atletico Madrid or Barcelona.
I would never forgive him.
-New Castle, Sunderland…-No,
-don’t even talk about it-It’s an act of betrayal
It’s an act of betrayal, the fans would be very upset.
Because this person
得到他们的信任 他们的友情 他们的支持
has taken their trust, and their friendship, and their support
and he has done something which really shows he doesn’t care about that
-Yeah -And that’s…
-That’s called betrayal, to betray somebody-Yeah.
And both defying and betrayal
they’re quite dramatic and serious words
It’s most definitely…um…It’s a serious story. So,
we use serious vocabulary. But you can use words like defy
and betray in your everyday English.
act of not being loyal-Marrying his ex-wife’s sister was a betrayal.
-When the footballer joined the rival team, the fans saw it as an act of betrayal.
Ok, well, before we recap on the um…
vocabulary we’ve looked at today. We of cource have a Facebook challenge.
and we’ve heard sack and fire, meaning to remove someone from their job
which of these words we asked also has the same meaning, is it
B. retain 还是C. hire
B.retain or C. hire
在我们的脸书上收到了很多答复 正确答案是A. dismiss
We had a lot of answers on facebook, as usual um…the crorrect answer is A. dismiss
is a form of equivalent to the word ‘fire’ or ‘sack’.
Nearly everybody got it right and so we’ve picked out just a few well done and test that.
Agoanou, Hamidemamood, Aliya Ebroham, and everybody else choose it-answer A.
Dismiss. Well done.
是的 做的不错 现在
Yes, well done. And now
just a recap please of the words we’ve looked at.
Yeah, we had sack and
fire, both meaning remove from a job
We had defying- refusing to obey
an act of not being loyal.
Okay, well. If you’d like to test yourself on today’s vocabulary.
There’s a quiz you can take at our website BBC learning English.com
You can also find all sorts of videos and activities to help you improve your English.
Thanks for joining us and goodbye!
News Review from BBC learning English.