News Review from BBC Learning English.
Hello and welcome to News Review,
the program where we show you how to use the language from the latest new stories
in your everyday English.
Hi, I’m Neo, joining me is Dan.
-Hi, Dan.-Hello, everybody.
What’s our story today?
Our story is about the near extinction.
好 濒临灭绝 让我们从BBC世界新闻报道上了解更多信息
Ok,near extinction. Let’s find out some more from this BBC World Service News bulletin.
The world’s last male northern white rhino has died in Kenya,
bringing the subspecies to the very brink of extinction.
The 45-year-old rhino was in poor health and was put down on Monday.
His daughter and granddaughter are the only females remaining.
So, a subspecies of the rhino family
the word ‘subspecies’ means a particular type within the main group.
So, a subspecies of the rhino family is almost extinct.
The last male of the species
has died in Kenya at the age of 45, which is actually a hundred in rhino years.
It means that
there are only two northern white rhinos left in the world.
Both of them, female.
Ok, well,you’ve been looking at this story and you’ve picked out
three words and expressions being used in the news
that we can use in our everyday English.
我确实选好了 我选了put down
I have indeed. We have put down,
faces, in doubt.
Put down, faces和in doubt
Put down, faces, and in doubt.
好的 请解说你的第一个标题 丹
Ok, your first headline. Please, Dan.
Our first headline comes from the Guardian
and says Last male northern white rhion is put down.
好的 在这里“put down”表示杀死年老 患病或者危险的动物
Ok, ‘put down’ here meaning kill an old, ill or dangerous animal.
没错 “put down”在这里是一个动词词组
That’s right. Now, ‘put down’ is a phrasal verb.
That means it’s a main verb and accompanied by a particle
which is either in preposition or adverb.
Let’s not get too technical. A main verb plus a particle
和许多的动词词组一样 put down有丰富的含义
and like many phrasal verbs, ‘put down’ actually has a raft of different meanings
and it all depends on the context. They could be completely different.
So, we’ll start with the most literal meaning.
And it can never be seen I’m holding a pencil or a pen.
好了 现在我要把它put down
There we go. I’m going to put it down.
看见了吗？ 所以从字面上讲把某物put down
See? So, when you put something down literally,
you release it or drop it from being carried like that.
Then of course there is the second or other meaning of ‘put down’.
There is more figurative and it means to make someone feel silly.
Much like you did to me the other day, do you remember?
是 对 你写了个脚本不是很好
Yeah, so, yeah, you write the script very good.
Haha, and I’ve kind of criticized you in front of everyone in the office.
Now, I’ve criticized you in front of our wide audience.
-I put you down. -That’s right.
You put me down… So you made me feel silly.
在下面的情景里 put down的含义非常特别
This particular meaning in this case has very very specific
and it’s related to kill animals which are either ill or dangerous
in some cases when a dog has bitten someone,
the law says that the dog must be put down
because it could be a danger to the public.
是的 这里put down只适用于动物 而不适用于人
Yeah, and this is a word we only apply to animals not to people.
没错 我们不会把人put down
That’s correct. We don’t put people down.
Let’s move on then to our next headline.
Next headline comes from The Independent and says
World’s last male northern white rhino passes away
as species faces extinction.
‘Faces’ here meaning has to deal with the bad situation.
That’s correct. Now again “faces” is a verb with many meanings.
当然 我们都有脸 这里“face”是个名词
Of course we have our face. That’s a noun.
But faces as a verb,
means to stand towards something physically.
所以现在 你面对着我 我面对着你
So, you are facing me, I’m facing you.
Indeed, when I was naughty at school,
my teacher told we to go and face the wall for a period of time
Think about what I’ve done.
So, if you face something
then you are looking towards it now.
Generally speaking,when there is a danger or when there is a problem,
you are gonna pay attention to it.
And in that way you are going to face the danger or face the problem.
So that would be the literal meaning of it.
And the more figurative sense with more sort of abstract situations like this one.
这些物种正面临着 注意着 或有绝种的危险
This species is facing or paying attention to or in danger from extinction.
And that could be a very big problem.
So, they’re trying to deal with this situation.
Give us some other examples when we might use this.
Well, we could talk about workers who could be facing unemployment.
We talk about maybe a criminal could be facing or criminal faces
possible ten-year jails sentence things like that.
So, in this case, you face something bad.
如失业 灭绝 入狱这些负面的事件
Unempoyment, extinction, jail these kind of negative.
非常非常非常负面 当然 它也会有轻微的变化
Very, very, very negative. And of course there’s a slight variation
we can also talk about facing up to something
which means accepting that a difficult situation exists.
It might be that a business man running a business is not doing very well
doesn’t actually acknowledge that he is not doing very well
直到有人对他说 “瞧 你得看财务数据”
until somebody points out to him, look, you have to look the financial information,
you have to face up to the fact that the business could be in jeopardy.
Ok, great, let’s now move on to our final headline, please.
Our final headline today comes from SBS News and says,
World’s last male northern white rhino dies,
leaving future of species in doubt.
“In doubt” 意味着几乎难以继续或接替
‘In doubt’, unlikely to continue or succeed.
That’s correct. Now the preposition is the key here.
It gives the meaning that the future is very uncertain.
我们可以谈谈未来 好吧 我们用一个刚才的例子
We can talk about the future. Well, let’s use previous example.
I talk about a business man and financial difficulties, you could say
that the future of his business is in doubt.
ie we don’t know if the business will be able to continue.
Yeah and we could talk about perhaps a sport person
who has a bad injury. We could say the footballer broke the leg
and that career was in doubt. Absolutely.
That would mean that we don’t know if he’s going to continue playing again in the future.
所以某件事“in doubt” 意思是他的未来几乎难以预料
So something is in doubt, is uncertain in the future.
we hope that the future of News Review is not in doubt.
I sincerely hope.
But let us move on to our Facebook Challenge.
So, the question that we put on Facebook
we’ve been looking at phrasal verbs with “put” today.
And in this sentence, what does it mean?
他在工作中犯了一个糟糕的错误后 他的老板put him down
His boss put him down after he made a bad mistake at work.
Does it mean: A. His boss criticized him publicly.
B. His boss fired him.
或者 C 他的老板把他降职到责任更轻的岗位
Or C. His boss demoted him to a row with less responsibility.
What was our response?
Well, I’m looking at the page full of correct answers.
And the answer of course is A as we’ve discussed.
His boss criticized him publicly.
So well done to Philips kalangela.
Sama Hasee也回答得很好 Hack Sdesom Junior Yasmosn
Well done to Sama Hasee. Well done Hack Sdesom, Junior Yasmosn
and everybody else who got the correct question,
喔 抱歉 给出正确答案的人
oh, correct answer, excuse me.
好 那么 我们来简单回顾一下我们学的词汇
Ok, well, let’s have a recap please. Vocabulary.
所以 本期词汇是“put down” 意思是
So, our vocabulary was ‘put down’ which is
kill an old, ill or dangerous animal.
‘Faces’ has to deal with the bad situation.
“in doubt” 意思是几乎难以持续或继续
And ‘in doubt’ unlikely to continue or succeed.
If you’d like test yourself on today’s vocabulary,
there is a quiz you could take on our website bbclearningenglish.com.
There are all kinds of videos and materials to help you improve your English.
Thanks for joining us and goodbye.
News Review from BBC Learning English.