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世界上最后一头雄性白犀牛死亡 – 译学馆
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世界上最后一头雄性白犀牛死亡

BBC News Review: Last male northern white rhino dies

BBC英语学习频道《新闻评论》节目
News Review from BBC Learning English.
大家好!欢迎来到《新闻评论》
Hello and welcome to News Review,
本节目将向您展示如何将最新新闻中的语言
the program where we show you how to use the language from the latest new stories
运用到日常英语中去
in your everyday English.
大家好!我是尼奥 这是我的搭档丹
Hi, I’m Neo, joining me is Dan.
-嗨!丹!-你好!大家好!
-Hi, Dan.-Hello, everybody.
我们今天的故事是什么
What’s our story today?
我们的故事与濒临灭绝有关
Our story is about the near extinction.
好 濒临灭绝 让我们从BBC世界新闻报道上了解更多信息
Ok,near extinction. Let’s find out some more from this BBC World Service News bulletin.
世界上最后一头雄性白犀牛在肯尼亚死去
The world’s last male northern white rhino has died in Kenya,
使得这一亚种濒临灭绝
bringing the subspecies to the very brink of extinction.
这头45岁的犀牛健康状况不佳 于本周一被杀死
The 45-year-old rhino was in poor health and was put down on Monday.
它的女儿和孙女是仅存的两头雌性犀牛
His daughter and granddaughter are the only females remaining.
所以犀科的一个亚种
So, a subspecies of the rhino family
“亚种”一词是指种群中的一个特定种类
the word ‘subspecies’ means a particular type within the main group.
所以犀科的一个亚种快灭绝了
So, a subspecies of the rhino family is almost extinct.
该亚种的最后一头雄性犀牛
The last male of the species
在45岁时于肯尼亚去世 这在犀牛中已经相当于百岁高龄了
has died in Kenya at the age of 45, which is actually a hundred in rhino years.
那意味着
It means that
这个世界上仅剩两头北方白犀牛了
there are only two northern white rhinos left in the world.
而两头都是雌性
Both of them, female.
好 你已看过了这个故事并从中选出了
Ok, well,you’ve been looking at this story and you’ve picked out
3个在这则新闻中使用的词汇和表达方式
three words and expressions being used in the news
我们可将其运用于日常生活中
that we can use in our everyday English.
我确实选好了 我选了put down
I have indeed. We have put down,
faces和in doubt
faces, in doubt.
Put down, faces和in doubt
Put down, faces, and in doubt.
好的 请解说你的第一个标题 丹
Ok, your first headline. Please, Dan.
我们的第一个标题来自英国《卫报》
Our first headline comes from the Guardian
写道 最后一头雄性北方白犀牛被杀死
and says Last male northern white rhion is put down.
好的 在这里“put down”表示杀死年老 患病或者危险的动物
Ok, ‘put down’ here meaning kill an old, ill or dangerous animal.
没错 “put down”在这里是一个动词词组
That’s right. Now, ‘put down’ is a phrasal verb.
它是由一个主要动词伴随着一个小品词组成
That means it’s a main verb and accompanied by a particle
小品词是一个介词或一个副词
which is either in preposition or adverb.
我们别说得那么专业 就是主要动词加上小品词
Let’s not get too technical. A main verb plus a particle
和许多的动词词组一样 put down有丰富的含义
and like many phrasal verbs, ‘put down’ actually has a raft of different meanings
它们取决于不同语境 这些含义可能完全不同
and it all depends on the context. They could be completely different.
所以 我们从字面意思开始讲解
So, we’ll start with the most literal meaning.
大家能看到我拿着一支铅笔或钢笔吗?
And it can never be seen I’m holding a pencil or a pen.
好了 现在我要把它put down
There we go. I’m going to put it down.
看见了吗? 所以从字面上讲把某物put down
See? So, when you put something down literally,
就是像刚刚那样拿着它然后把它松开或放下
you release it or drop it from being carried like that.
当然put down还有其他意思
Then of course there is the second or other meaning of ‘put down’.
有比喻意味的含义 是指使人感到难堪
There is more figurative and it means to make someone feel silly.
就像之前你对我做过的事一样 你还记得吗?
Much like you did to me the other day, do you remember?
是 对 你写了个脚本不是很好
Yeah, so, yeah, you write the script very good.
哈哈 我在办公室里的所有人面前批评了你
Haha, and I’ve kind of criticized you in front of everyone in the office.
而现在 我在众多观众面前批评你
Now, I’ve criticized you in front of our wide audience.
我使你感到难堪没错
-I put you down. -That’s right.
你批评了我 所以你让我感到难堪
You put me down… So you made me feel silly.
在下面的情景里 put down的含义非常特别
This particular meaning in this case has very very specific
它与杀死那些患病或危险的动物有关
and it’s related to kill animals which are either ill or dangerous
比如 在狗咬了某人
in some cases when a dog has bitten someone,
法律有规定 这只狗必须被杀掉
the law says that the dog must be put down
因为它对公众是一种威胁
because it could be a danger to the public.
是的 这里put down只适用于动物 而不适用于人
Yeah, and this is a word we only apply to animals not to people.
没错 我们不会把人put down
That’s correct. We don’t put people down.
-兽医说唯一的选择就是把我17岁的狗杀掉
-这匹马被杀掉了 因为它在比赛中把腿摔断了
那我们开始下一个标题吧
Let’s move on then to our next headline.
下面这个标题来自《独立报》 它报道
Next headline comes from The Independent and says
苏丹去世了
Sudan dies:
世界上最后一只雄性北方白犀牛去世
World’s last male northern white rhino passes away
使该物种濒临灭绝
as species faces extinction.
“Faces”在此意为不得不应对坏局面
‘Faces’ here meaning has to deal with the bad situation.
没错 “faces”是一个有很多意思的动词
That’s correct. Now again “faces” is a verb with many meanings.
当然 我们都有脸 这里“face”是个名词
Of course we have our face. That’s a noun.
但是 “faces”作为一个动词时
But faces as a verb,
意思是身体上的朝哪里站着
means to stand towards something physically.
所以现在 你面对着我 我面对着你
So, you are facing me, I’m facing you.
事实上 当我在学校调皮捣蛋时
Indeed, when I was naughty at school,
老师会让我面壁一段时间
my teacher told we to go and face the wall for a period of time
让我想想自己做了什么
Think about what I’ve done.
因此 如果说你面对什么东西
So, if you face something
那就是你正朝着它
then you are looking towards it now.
一般来说 当有危险或者出现问题时
Generally speaking,when there is a danger or when there is a problem,
你将会注意它
you are gonna pay attention to it.
这样 你就在面对这个危险或者问题
And in that way you are going to face the danger or face the problem.
那就是它的字面意义
So that would be the literal meaning of it.
在抽象情境中有更隐晦的含义 比如
And the more figurative sense with more sort of abstract situations like this one.
这些物种正面临着 注意着 或有绝种的危险
This species is facing or paying attention to or in danger from extinction.
而那会是一个非常棘手的问题
And that could be a very big problem.
因此 它们正全力去应对这种局面
So, they’re trying to deal with this situation.
请列举更多使用这个表达的例句吧
Give us some other examples when we might use this.
嗯 我们可以说工人可能面对失业的问题
Well, we could talk about workers who could be facing unemployment.
我们也可以说罪犯可能面临
We talk about maybe a criminal could be facing or criminal faces
长达十年的监禁 之类之类的
possible ten-year jails sentence things like that.
所以在这种情境中 你面对一些不好的事情
So, in this case, you face something bad.
如失业 灭绝 入狱这些负面的事件
Unempoyment, extinction, jail these kind of negative.
非常非常非常负面 当然 它也会有轻微的变化
Very, very, very negative. And of course there’s a slight variation
我们也可以说正视某事
we can also talk about facing up to something
那意味着承认困难的存在
which means accepting that a difficult situation exists.
就比如一个商人的生意不佳
It might be that a business man running a business is not doing very well
但他不承认他生意不好
doesn’t actually acknowledge that he is not doing very well
直到有人对他说 “瞧 你得看财务数据”
until somebody points out to him, look, you have to look the financial information,
你必须正视生意可能面临危险的问题
you have to face up to the fact that the business could be in jeopardy.
-工人们在产品收益率低的情况下面临失业
-窃贼在被判决有罪后面临牢狱之灾
好 现在我们就进入最后一个标题吧
Ok, great, let’s now move on to our final headline, please.
我们今天的最后标题来自SBS新闻 报道称
Our final headline today comes from SBS News and says,
世界上最后一头雄性白犀牛已死
World’s last male northern white rhino dies,
使得这个物种的未来吉凶未卜
leaving future of species in doubt.
“In doubt” 意味着几乎难以继续或接替
‘In doubt’, unlikely to continue or succeed.
确实如此 这里的介词是关键
That’s correct. Now the preposition is the key here.
它赋予了未来难以预测的意思
It gives the meaning that the future is very uncertain.
我们可以谈谈未来 好吧 我们用一个刚才的例子
We can talk about the future. Well, let’s use previous example.
我说到一个商人和经济困难 你可以说
I talk about a business man and financial difficulties, you could say
他的生意走向不可预知
that the future of his business is in doubt.
也就是说 我们不知道他生意是否能继续做下去
ie we don’t know if the business will be able to continue.
没错 我们也可以说一个运动员
Yeah and we could talk about perhaps a sport person
他受了重伤 我们可以说这个足球运动员摔断了腿
who has a bad injury. We could say the footballer broke the leg
-以至于他的足球生涯前途未卜-完全正确
and that career was in doubt. Absolutely.
那意味着我们不知道他是否将继续他的足球生涯
That would mean that we don’t know if he’s going to continue playing again in the future.
所以某件事“in doubt” 意思是他的未来几乎难以预料
So something is in doubt, is uncertain in the future.
-足球运动员在跟腱受伤后 其职业生涯难以继续
-因为全球变暖极地冰冠的未来不容乐观
好 那么
Ok, well,
我们希望《新闻评论》节目的未来一帆风顺
we hope that the future of News Review is not in doubt.
我真心希望如此
I sincerely hope.
还是让我们进入我们的脸书挑战部分吧
But let us move on to our Facebook Challenge.
那么 我们发布在脸书上的问题是
So, the question that we put on Facebook
我们今天学习了关于“put”的动词短语
we’ve been looking at phrasal verbs with “put” today.
那么在这句话里 put是什么意思呢?
And in this sentence, what does it mean?
他在工作中犯了一个糟糕的错误后 他的老板put him down
His boss put him down after he made a bad mistake at work.
这个句子的意思是:A 他的老板公开批评了他
Does it mean: A. His boss criticized him publicly.
B 他的老板开除了他
B. His boss fired him.
或者 C 他的老板把他降职到责任更轻的岗位
Or C. His boss demoted him to a row with less responsibility.
我们收到了怎样的答案
What was our response?
好 我正看到这一页都是正确答案
Well, I’m looking at the page full of correct answers.
问题的答案正如我们所讨论的那样是A
And the answer of course is A as we’ve discussed.
他的老板公开批评了他
His boss criticized him publicly.
所以Philips kalangela回答得很好
So well done to Philips kalangela.
Sama Hasee也回答得很好 Hack Sdesom Junior Yasmosn
Well done to Sama Hasee. Well done Hack Sdesom, Junior Yasmosn
和其他给出正确问题的人
and everybody else who got the correct question,
喔 抱歉 给出正确答案的人
oh, correct answer, excuse me.
好 那么 我们来简单回顾一下我们学的词汇
Ok, well, let’s have a recap please. Vocabulary.
所以 本期词汇是“put down” 意思是
So, our vocabulary was ‘put down’ which is
杀死一只年老的 患病的或危险的动物
kill an old, ill or dangerous animal.
“Faces”意思是不得不应对糟糕的局面
‘Faces’ has to deal with the bad situation.
“in doubt” 意思是几乎难以持续或继续
And ‘in doubt’ unlikely to continue or succeed.
如果想对今日词汇进行测验
If you’d like test yourself on today’s vocabulary,
你可以在我们的网站bbclearningenglish.com上进行测试
there is a quiz you could take on our website bbclearningenglish.com.
网站上还有各种可以帮助你提高英语的视频和材料
There are all kinds of videos and materials to help you improve your English.
感谢收听 再见
Thanks for joining us and goodbye.
再见
Goodbye.
BBC英语学习频道《新闻评论》节目
News Review from BBC Learning English.

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BBC英语学习 新闻评论

听录译者

caicai

翻译译者

zero

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审核员BZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kdzlrdAWkx0

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