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我最爱的青春电影《大逃杀》 – 译学馆
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我最爱的青春电影《大逃杀》

Battle Royale: The Best Teen Movie

Fujiyoshi, I said no whisper!
藤吉 不准说悄悄话!
BATTLE ROYALE: The Best Teen Movie [music]
《大逃杀》:最棒的青春电影
Well, well. Here we are.
好 大家都到了
Everybody loves a good teen movie.
好看的青春电影大家都喜欢
And the genre has a lot of competition.
其中不同风格争奇斗艳
You’ve got John Hughes classics,
有约翰·休斯的经典作品
like the Breakfast Club and Ferris Bueller’s Day Off,
比如《早餐俱乐部》《春天不是读书天》
90s’ teen rom-coms
90年代青春浪漫喜剧有
like 10 Things I Hate About You and She’s All That,
《我恨你的十件事》和《窈窕美眉》
A Richard Linklater’s coming-of-age comedy Dazed and Confused
理查·林克莱特的成长喜剧片《年少轻狂》
or recent hits like The Fault in Our Stars and Love, Simon.
或最近的大热片《星云里的错》和《爱你 西蒙》
You could even throw all eight Harry Potter movies into the mix, why not?
《哈利波特》系列八部电影甚至也可以归到这类片里 有何不可?
But when I searched ranker.com,
但当我在ranker.com上搜索时
which everybody knows is the authority on ranking staff,
众所周知 这是个涵盖各类排行榜的权威网站
I’m disappointed to find that my favorite teen movie
却失望地发现 我最爱的青春电影
doesn’t even crack the top one hundred.
竟然连前100名都没进
Of course, I’m talking about Kinji Fukasaku’s
没错 我说的是深作欣二
turn-of-the-millenium masterpiece Battle Royale.
在2000年执导的电影杰作《大逃杀》
[music]
[音乐]
The premise of Battle Royale is really simple.
《大逃杀》的设定非常简单
In a dystopian Japan,
在反乌托邦式的日本
a classroom of teenagers is chosen every year and shipped to an island
每年抽选一个班级的学生 把他们遣送到一座小岛
where they have to fight to the death
让他们互相残杀
until only one is left standing.
直至最后一名幸存者
You might recognize this premise from the Hunger Games books,
你可能认出这也是《饥饿游戏》系列丛书的设定
the first of which came out eight years after Battle Royale and
该系列出版于《大逃杀》拍摄八年后
nine years after the book by Koushun Takami on which it’s based.
及高见广春的原著小说九年之后
This concept is also the basis for the hugely
大热电子游戏《堡垒之夜》
popular video game Fortnite Battle Royale
以及先于其发布的《绝地求生》
and its predecessor Playerunknown’s Battlegrounds
都是以这个概念为基础的
which was at least in part inspired by Fukasaku’s movie.
《绝地求生》至少有部分灵感来源于深作欣二的电影
Unlike the Hunger Games, Battle Royale is remarkably contained.
和《饥饿游戏》不同 《大逃杀》十分封闭
There is no larger world, no political intrigue plotline.
影片中没有宏大的世界架构 没有政治阴谋情节
The audience is just dumped into this horrific situation with the characters
观众和影片中的人物一起落入恐怖情境中
and we experience its shocks as they do.
我们不仅和人物一样经历它带来的冲击
And they are shocks.
人物本身也带给我们冲击
[sound]
[声音]
It’s definitely a violent movie.
《大逃杀》无疑是一部充满暴力的电影
But it’s the execution of violence
但正是其中的施暴行为
that makes Battle Royale so great.
使其成为一部伟大的电影
And this should come as no surprise,
这点无需惊讶
though I didn’t know this when I first
虽然我16岁在夏令营第一次看这部电影时
saw the movie at a summer camp, age 16.
并不知道这一点
Battle Royale is the final film of Japanese auteur Kinji Fukasaku.
《大逃杀》是日本导演深作欣二执导的最后一部电影
He made this incredibly vigorous film about teenagers
令人惊叹的是 这部异常激烈残酷的电影
at age of 70, which is amazing.
是在他70岁时制作的
By then Fukasaku was a master,
那时深作欣二就已经是一位大师了
a criminally underappreciated master of Japanese in world cinema.
一个在世界影坛上被低估的未被赏识的日本大师
He made his mark on the industry in the 1970s
他成名于1970年代
with a breathtaking series of films about Japanese gangsters, the Yakuza
制作了一系列扣人心弦的“日本黑帮”电影
in the chaos after World War Ⅱ.
描述二战后混乱的日本黑帮
Unlike the more traditional Yakuza films,
和其他传统的日本黑帮电影不同的是
Fukasaku’s movies have a wild, manic energy to them.
深作欣二赋予电影以野蛮 躁狂的能量
The camerawork is designed to throw you into the action.
精心设计的摄影技巧带你置身于惊险动作中
It’s a thrilling, disorienting experience to watch them.
观影体验是毛骨悚然的 让人失去方向感的
And Fukasaku’s message in those films comes through loud and clear:
深作欣二清晰地传达了影片信息:
In a society decimated by war,
在一个被战争摧毁的世界里
friendship, camaraderie, even the famous codes of honor
友情 基情 甚至著名的黑帮荣誉准则
of the Yakuza only stretched so far.
都遭遇了挑战
It was truly every-man-for-himself.
真的是人不为己天诛地灭
And if someone could get an advantage by betraying his friend,
如果一个人可以通过背叛他的朋友得到好处
he was more likely to do it than not.
那他往往会去背叛
In Fukasaku’s films, the honorable ones
在深作欣二的电影中
are often the first to be killed.
可敬的人经常被首先杀害
The violence I depict
我所描述的暴力
is closely related to this longing
和后市场时代
for the back market era
以及那时我们感受到的暴力情绪
and the violent emotions we felt during that period.
密切相关
We can’t separate the idea of violence from the way we see things.
我们不能将暴力概念和我们看待问题的方式区别开来
In Battle Royale, the same philosophy holds.
《大逃杀》持的也是这种哲学理念
In the chaos of the game,
在游戏的混乱中
the speed at which friends turned to enemies can give you whiplash.
友谊的小船说翻就翻 让你目瞪口呆
And the violence, like the violence of the Yakuza films,
而暴力 就像黑帮电影里的暴力一样
is sudden and devastating.
则是突然的 具有毁灭性的
As a viewer, it’s like you’re one of the students.
作为观众 好像你能与其中一个学生感同身受
It all comes so fast at the beginning that
一切刚开始就来得那么迅猛
you just want to pause and get a grip on things.
以至于你想按暂停键理一下头绪
But there’s no time for that.
但是时间很紧迫
The ones who trust too liberally
最深信不疑的人
are the ones who get killed first.
最早被杀害
It may seem like Battle Royale is a fable of
《大逃杀》给人的感觉就是
nihilism with mindless, brutal killing
一个涉及所有人的关于愚蠢和滥杀的
doled out to anyone and everyone.
虚无主义的寓言
But the violence in Fukasaku’s vision has a purpose.
但深作欣二眼中的暴力是有目的的
Like all great teen movies,
就像所有伟大的青春电影一样
Battle Royale is really about friendship.
《大逃杀》的实质是友谊
[sound]
[声音]
That may be a little hard to see.
其中的场景可能让人不容易看出来
But Fukasaku is interested in what friendship really means
但深作欣二关心的是 友谊的面纱撕去后
when the gloves are off.
其实质是什么
In the most barbaric circumstances,
在最野蛮的环境中
what does human connection mean in the context of
在人类的能力建立在难以言说的暴力这一语境下
humanity’s capacity for unspeakable violence?
人类之间的联系意味着什么
At that time, unspeakable violence was very much alive
在日本老一辈人的记忆中
in the memory of the older generation in Japan.
当时那难以言说的暴力是赤裸裸的
It tested them in ways that
电影以多种方式证明
the younger generation couldn’t begin to understand
年轻一代不能开始理解
and this is what life was like
这就是生活的本真
for Fukasaku himself when he was 15,
深作欣二15岁时就是这么想的
the same age as the students in the film.
影片里的学生也是这个年纪
A month before the end of the war,
战争结束前一个月
the American task force opened fire on us.
美国特遣部队向我们开火
As the dead started piling up,
尸体摞着尸体
it become our job to dispose of the bodies.
我们的工作就是处理这些尸体
After we finished clearing the corpses,
当我们清理完成时
the gunshots started again.
射击又开始了
We all tried to hide under our friends’s bodies.
我们都试图躲在朋友身后
And when the flirting stopped,
战火终止后
we didn’t criticize one another.
我们没有互相批评
Everyone was doing the same thing
因为所有人都不约而同地这样做了
and we were all in shock.
我们被自己的行为震惊了
In the movie, it’s almost as if the older generation,
在电影中 以老师为代表的老一辈
represented by a teacher, devises the game as a way to
设计了这个游戏
communicate their experiences with the youth,
用来与年轻一辈沟通经验
and it’s almost as if Fukasaku made the film for the same reason.
也是出于这个目的 深作欣二制作了这部电影
Battle Royale is interested in the kind of friendship that
《大逃杀》乐于探讨的是一种
can’t be explored at a high school.
不可能在高中阶段被探寻到的友谊
It’s friendship tainted by a deeply cruel world.
一种被残暴的世界深度污染的游戏
But it’s all the more poignant
尽管这是事实
when it persists in spite of that fact.
但这个事实着实让人辛酸
You look really cool, Hiroki.
弘树 你看起来真酷
You too.
你也是
You’re the coolest girl in the world.
你是世界上最酷的女孩
[music]
[音乐]
Thank you.
谢谢你
Fukasaku’s last movie is a lot of things.
深作欣二的最后一部电影内涵丰富
It’s blackly comical. It’s scary.
颇具黑色幽默和惊悚风格
It’s a naked look at humanity and
这部电影赤裸裸地呈现了人类
it’s a gripping piece of balls-to-the-wall entertainment
这部达摩克利斯之剑性质的扣人心弦的杰作
directed by a man with a lifetime of skill and experience.
出自一个用一生技巧和经验说话的导演之手
It’s a teen movie
这是一部青春电影
and it deserves to be considered with
说它是青春电影中的佼佼者
the very best of that genre.
一点也不夸张
[music]
[音乐]
Hey, Everybody. Thank you so much for watching.
大家好 非常感谢你的观看
This episode was brought to you by Skillshare
本视频由Skillshare赞助播出
which is an online learning community for creators
这是一个以创作者为受众的在线学习社区
with more than 21,000 classes and
上面有21000节课
everything from graphic design and film editing
从平面设计 电影剪辑到财政 网络安全
to finance and IT security.
无所不包
You know where I learned Photoshop?
你知道我从哪学的PS吗?
I learned it through a weird mishmash of disconnected YouTube videos
我是通过看一系列杂乱的YouTube视频学习的
and I think the process would have gone a lot faster and better
我觉得如果有系统教授一切技巧的课程
if there was a class dedicated to teaching me everything
那学习过程就会更快更好
that program could do in a more systematic way.
而该网站的项目能够以更系统的方式做到这一点
That’s what Skillshare offers.
Skillshare就是这么全能
Learning new skills is really valuable to me.
学习新技巧非常必要
Because whenever I learn a new skill,
因为每当我学会一个新技能
it’s like a bunch of new ideas are unlocked in my head.
我的大脑就会解锁一大堆新想法
and I think what can I do with this and
我认为我可以好好利用一下该网站
that always, always helps me with writer’s block.
在我灵感枯竭的时候总能有所帮助
A premium membership begins around ten dollars a month
高级会员的月费是10美元
for unlimited access to all courses.
能够无限制观看所有课程
But the first 500 people to sign up
但是使用简介中的链接注册的
using the link in the description
前500人
get their first two months for free.
能享受两个月的免费
In those two months, you can easily learn the skills
两个月的时间
you need to start a new hobby or business.
足够你学习一门技能来开始新爱好或新事业了
More importantly, the skills you learn will help give you ideas
更重要的是 你学到的技巧会给你灵感
for what that business or art project could be.
使你的事业或艺术项目初具雏形
Definitely try it out.
请一定要试试
Thanks guys. I’ll see you next time.
谢谢大家 下次见

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视频概述

我们活在自己或他人建造的伪装中,只有在极端境遇下,才能试探出真实的人性。

听录译者

翻译译者

ABC

审核员

审核员 AF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b-8zqZVQ5zY

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