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西班牙巴塞罗那:现代建筑效果 – 译学馆
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西班牙巴塞罗那:现代建筑效果

Barcelona, Spain: Architectural Modernisme Showcase

虽然最初的愿景是希望处处平等
While the original vision was an egalitarian one
愿每一个地区都是平等的
where each zone was equal,
这个扩建区为那些富裕的居民
the eixamples became an architectural showcase
提供建筑展示
for its wealthy residents.
虽然有高度和宽度限制
While adhering to height and width limitations,
他们还是按照自己的喜好建造
they bulit as they pleased.
现代主义建筑总是
Often in the trendy style of the day,
紧跟当时的潮流
modernisme.
现代主义建筑是加泰罗尼亚
Modernisme is the Catalan
版本的新艺术
version of art nouveau,
它在19世纪后期
which flourished
横扫欧洲大陆
across Europe in the late 19th century.
巴塞罗那是
Barcelona was the capital
现代主义建筑的首都
of modernisme.
特别是在内沙布尔
And especially here in the Nishapuran,
它的特点在此显露无疑
it shimmers with its characteristic,
多彩的 枝繁叶茂的 平滑的 茂盛的
colorful,leafy,flowing and blooming shapes.
巴塞罗那的几个顶级豪宅
Several of Barcelona’s top mansions
并排坐落于巴塞罗那格拉希亚大街
line the Boulevard Passeig De Gracia.
在比拼曲折的创意性时
Because the structures look as though
它们的建筑结构
they are trying to outdo each other
仿佛在彼此竞争
in creative twists.
当地人戏称这一段为
Locals nicknamed this stretch
“不和谐的街区”
“The block of discord.”
巴塞罗那是一个建筑剪贴簿
Barcelona is an architectural scrapbook
有着不断蔓延的山墙和有机的曲线
of the galloping gables and organic curves
以及拥有最著名的现代主义建筑
and the most famous modernisme architect.
本地男孩安东尼·高迪
Hometown boyAntoni GaudÍ.
他设计了巴塞罗那的米拉之家
His casa mila is Barcelona’s
是这个时代最典型的建筑
quintessential building from this era.
米拉之家对大众开放
Casa mila is open to the public.
它展示了现代建筑有机的动感
It shows how the organic sensitivities of
它是如何涌向国内世界
modernisme architecture flowed into the domestic world.
这套公寓本来是由一位富有的商人租来的
This apartment would have been rented by a wealthy businessman.
它展示了个人
It shows how the affluence
在工业时代享受的富裕
of the industrial age was enjoyed
至少只有上层阶级才能享受
on a personal level — at least by the upper class.
现在一个公寓可能是一个小宫殿
Now an apartment could be a small palace.
高迪最有名的作品是他未完成的
GaudÍ’s most famous work is his unfinished
圣家族大教堂或圣家赎罪堂
church of the holy family,or sagrada family.
他为这个作品倾注了超过40年的心血
He worked on it for over 40 years,
直到他于1926年辞世
until his death in 1926.
继续致力于50年后完成这个教堂设计
Work continues on the church,which is not expected
已是无望了
to be completed for another 50 years,
耶稣诞生门是教堂中唯一一个
The nativity facade,the only part of the church
在高迪有生之年完成的部分
essentially finished in Gaudi lifetime,
展现了设计师独到的眼光
shows the architect’s original vision.
使用基督教的象征手法
Mixing Christian symbolism
构图源于自然
images from nature.
并与现代化的风韵融为一体
And the organic flair of modernisme,
这是一个令人印象深刻的例子
it is an impressive example
是高迪特有的风格
of GauDÍ’S unmistakable style.
在高耸的教堂正厅它的外观更加赋有现代激情
The more modern passion facade
并且风格截然不同
has a different,yet complementary,style.
而且与之互补
In the soaring nave,
高迪设计的立柱绽放了生命之花
GaudÍ’s columns bloosm with life.
高迪是个虔诚的天主教徒
GaudÍ was a devout catholic.
他的宗教信仰的一部分
Part of his religious vision
是对自然的爱
was a love for nature.
他说 “没有什么是被发明的
He said, “nothing is invented,
因为它是先由大自然所书写的”
for it’s written in nature first.”
他的小窗户让光线透进
His little windows let light filter in
样子像雨林中的树冠
like the canopy of a rain forest,
他创造了与上帝紧密联系的空间
creating space for an intimate connection with god.
走进这片庞大的建筑区
Stepping into this monumental construction zone,
游客能看到是缓慢且平缓的建筑进程
visitors see the slow and steady progress
他们昂贵的门票物有所值
and what their steep admission fee is funding.
正如这个教堂
Like the construction
的建设经历了漫长的岁月
of great churches through the ages,
这项工程花费了大量时间
this project takes many lifetimes.
高迪知道他不可能
GaudÍ knew he’d never
看到它完工的那一日
see it finished, As do the architects
如今建筑师们还是致力于这项工程
working on it today.
他们都有贡献 稳步推进
Yet they all contribute,pushing steadily
直到完工
toward completion.
总有一天耶稣的550英尺高的中心塔楼
Someday a central 550-foot-tall tower of Jesus
将超越这一切
will rise above all this.
它会让我们今天看到的一切显得矮小
It’ll dwarf everything we see today.
视野从海的另一边依然清晰可见
The vision — to shine like a spiritual lighthouse,
像精神灯塔般闪烁
visible even from out at sea.
如果地球上有一个我想看的建筑
If there is one building on earth i’d like to see,
那就是完工的圣家族大教堂
it is sagrada family, finished.

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