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美国民众VS 英国民众

Average American vs Average British Person - How Do They Compare? - People Comparison

Two of the closest allies in the world today are the United States
当今世上关系最紧密的同盟
and the United Kingdom of Great Britain,
当属美国与英国
with both countries considering their bilateral partnership to
两国都将双边关系视为
be the strongest of bonds.
最紧密的关系
The British-Americanbloodline runs deep, with millions of Americans
英美血浓于水 很多美国人
identifying themselves as having either
认为他们的祖先
English, Scottish, Welsh or Scotch-Irish ancestry
是英格兰人 苏格兰人 威尔士人 或是苏格兰-爱尔兰人
Given these close ties
鉴于这些紧密关系
we thought it would be fun to compare these two powerful nations,
将这两大强国进行对比会很有趣
in this episode of The Infographics Show,
在本集《图形信息秀》中
the Average American vs. the Average Brit.
美国民众VS英国民众
Don’t forget to subscribe and click the bell button
不要忘了订阅并点击铃铛按钮哦
so that you can be part of our Notification Squad.
这样就可以成为我们信息小队的一员
First of all, we should explain
首先我们解释一下
what the United Kingdom of Great Britain is,
什么是大不列颠联合王国
as it’s often an area of confusion.
因为它的地域构成令人不解
When we talk about the UK,
当我们谈及英国时
we are referring to The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,
我们指的是大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国
which is a sovereign state consisting of four countries: England,
其领土范围包括四个区域:英格兰
Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
苏格兰 威尔士以及北爱尔兰
The average Brit we are discussing today is
我们今天探讨的英国民众是指
someone from the UK.
来自于这四个地区的人们
In terms of ancestral relations,
在祖先关系方面
according to a Census Bureau American Community Survey,
据人口普查局美国社区调查
nearly 27 million(26,923,091) people identified as being part English;
约2700万(26, 923, 091)人 被确认是英国人
over 5.5 million (5,706,263) said Scottish,
超过550万人(5, 706, 263)是苏格兰人
about 5 million (5,102,858) said Scotch-Irish
约500万(5, 102, 858)人是苏格兰-爱尔兰人
and nearly 2 million (1,888,383) said Welsh.
还有将近200万(1, 888,383)威尔士人
Although Irish- and German-Americans
尽管爱尔兰裔和德裔美国人占
make-up larger portions of the U.S. public,
美国公众的比例更大
it’s thought there are a lot more Americans that have Brit-blood flowing through their veins
人们认为 还有很多美国人流着英国血
but no longer consider themselves being anything other than a full-blooded American.
却当自己是纯正的美国人
With this in mind,
考虑到这儿
we’ll start with some comparisons of a physical nature.
我们比较一下双方的身体素质
The average Brit stands
英国人的平均身高
just a fraction taller than the average American,
只比美国人高一点点
with the BBC lately reporting that the average man in the UK is now 5 feet 10 inches (178cm)
BBC最新报道称 英国男性平均身高为70英寸(178cm)
and the average woman is 5 feet 5 inches (164cm).
英国女性为65英寸(164cm)
American men average 5 feet 9 ½ inches (175.7cm) and
美国男性的平均身高为69.5英寸(175.7cm)
American women 5 feet 3 ½ inches (161.8 cm).
美国女性为63.5英寸(161.8cm)
Both countries are considered to be not so well propotioned
两国人口的身高比例与其他国家比较起来
when compared to other more developed nations,
是不合理的
with a new report from the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation stating
据健康指标和评估研究所的一篇新报告
that the USA is in 18th place on the world’s most obese nations list.
美国位列世界最肥胖国家名单上的第18名
Only Egypt was the other populous nation in the top twenty countries,
只有埃及是前二十名国家中 人口格外稠密的国家
which was filled mostly by countries in the South Pacific.
前二十名大部分是南太平洋的国家
The UK, however, might also need to get in shape,
然而英国人也需要健身
with reports stating that obesity is a “ national tragedy ” and
报告中说到 肥胖是”民族悲剧”
that by 2025 the UK will be the fattest country in Europe.
到2025年英国将是欧洲最胖的国家
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s latest report,
根据疾病预防控制中心的最新报告
the average American male is now 195.7 pounds (88kgs)
现美国男性平均体重为195.7磅 (88kgs)
and the average woman is 168.5 pounds (76kgs).
女性平均体重为168.5磅(76kgs)
The average British man is 186.2 pounds (84.3kgs)
英国男性平均重为186.5磅 (84.3kgs)
and the average woman is 154 pounds (69.8kgs).
女性平均重154磅(69.8kgs)
Does the fact both countries are perhaps on the heavy side influence life expectancy?
这两个国家的现状是否对预期寿命有很大的负面影响?
American men on average will live to 77.11 years
美国男性平均寿命为77.11岁
and American women 81.94.
而女性为81.94岁
Citizens of the United Kingdom can expect to
预计英国的民众
clock-out at a similar age on average,
会在一个相似的年龄离去
with male life expectancy standing at 79.1
男性平均预期寿命为79.1年
and female life expectancy 82.8.
女性平均预期寿命为82.8年
The median age, meaning half the country is older and half the country younger,
年龄的中位数 指一国人口半数超过该年龄 半数低于此年龄
is 37.8 in the USA for men and women
在美国 这个中位数是37.8岁
and right on 40 in the UK.
而在英国是40岁
Which country is making more babies at the moment?
目前哪个国家的婴儿出生率更高
Current statistics state that the U.S.A. and UK are similar here,
当前数据表明美英在这方面是相似的
with births per woman in America averaging 1.84
在美国每位女性平均拥有1.84个孩子
and in the UK 1.9.
而英国为1.9个
Marriage rates have decreased in many developed nations over the last few decades.
在近几十年中 许多发达国家结婚率降低
According to the CDC, in 2015s,
2015年 根据CDC
6.8 people per 1,000 of the total population tied the knot in the USA,
在美国 每1000个人中有6.8人结了婚
while in the UK that number was 4.5 per 1,000.
而在英国 每1000人中有4.5人
Around 42 percent of UK marriages end in divorce,
在英国有近42%的婚姻以失败告终
with almost half of US marriages ending the same way.
而美国几乎一半的婚姻也同样如此
On that sobering note,
说到这里
we’ll take a look at money matters.
我们看下经济问题
In terms of industry, both nations
工业方面 两个国家
are considered champions of the world,
被视为世界领头羊
but according to the United Nations Economic
但是根据联合国欧洲经济委员会
Commission for Europe, the USA citizen grosses a higher salary
美国公民平均个人收入
than the average UK person.
比英国更高
The average gross salary in the USA was the fifth highest
美国人均薪资居世界第五
in the world at $ 4,893 per month,
平均每月4893美元
while the UK sat in 14th place on the list
而英国位居十四
with an average of $ 3,461 per month.
平均3461美元
In terms of cost of living,
在生活费用方面
Americans might need a few extra dollars,
美国人需要额外的支出
with one report putting
据报道
the USA in 18th place in the world on a cost of living index,
在生活费用方面美国居世界第18名
and the UK in 29th place.
英国居世界29
We must also note
我们也一定知道
that cost of living and wages
生活费用和薪水
can change dramatically from city to city.
由于城市的不同而不同
If we take a look at the Economist’s Big Mac Index,
如果我们去看经济学家的巨无霸指数
we find that the cost of a
我们会发现在美国
Big Mac in the US is $ 5.06,
一个巨无霸需要5.06美元
same of the Brits only pay $ 3.73.
相同的一个 在英国只需要3.73美元
At the same time, the index
同时 这一指数表明
shows someone in London has to work on average one minute longer
为了买相同的汉堡
than someone in New York to buy the same burger.
伦敦人要比纽约人平均多工作1分钟
At the high-end of the earnings scale,
在高收入的阶层
the U.S. is home to the richest man on the planet,
美国是世界富豪的产生地
Microsoft co-founder, Bill Gates,
微软联合创始人比尔•盖茨
whose fortune amounts to around $87 billion.
他的财产大约为870亿美元
The richest person in the UK is actually listed as two brothers,
英国最富裕的人是两兄弟
who are part of the Hinduja family.
他们来自Hinduja家族
Their net worth is around $16.9 billion, according to Forbes.
据福布斯统计 他们的净资产约169亿美元
In total,
总的来说
there are 134 billionaires based in the UK,
有134位亿万富豪来自英国
according to the Sunday Times,
据《星期日泰晤士报》
while the USA has the most billionaires in the world at 565.
美国是拥有亿万富翁最多的国家 有565位
What do Americans and Brits get for all their hard work?
美国人和英国人辛苦工作的回报是什么
Well,the Brits don’t work as hard,
好吧 英国人工作没那么辛苦
according to one study
据一项划分总数的研究
that divided “ the total number of hours actually worked by the average number of people
每年在平均就业人数实际工作的总小时数榜上
in employment per year. ” The USA was 16th on the list at 34.40
美国以每周34.40小时居于16名
hours per week and the UK was 24th on the list at 32.25 hours per week.
英国以每周工作32.25小时居于榜上24名
The Brits also get more time off,
英国人也有更多空闲时间
with workers by law given 5.6 weeks of paid vacation time per year.
法律给予工作者每年5,6周的带薪假期
In the U.S there is no such law,
美国就没有这样的法律
and paid time off is an agreement made between the employer and the employee.
带薪休假是老板与员工间的协议
The average paid days off in the U.S. is said to be about 10 days,
在美国带薪休假大约有10天
with that number increasing with the number of years in a certain job.
这个数字随着工作年龄的增加而增加
The Uk has less public holidays, though, at 8 days,
英国的公共假期更少 不过 8天
with the U.S. enjoying 10 national public holidays.
而美国可以享受10天
Americans may work harder,
美国人工作更辛苦
but they also seem to be getting more for their buck.
他们也会有更多的薪水
British public have been dealing with
英国人着急处理
drastically increasing property prices,
急剧上涨的房价问题
they also live in very small abodes.
他们住在很小的房子里
Studies have found that Britain’s houses on average are some of
研究发现英国人均住宅面积
the smallest in Europe at around 818 sq ft (76 square meters).
以818平方英尺(76平方米)居欧洲最低
American citizens on average can enjoy much larger living areas
美国人可以享受更大的生活领地
with the average house size being around 2,160 sq feet
平均面积为2160平方英尺
(201 square meters). The U.S. also has more in terms of vehicle ownership.
美国拥有更多的汽车
America is third on the list of number of vehicles owned per 1,000 people,at 797
美国每1000人拥有汽车量列第三 为797辆
– excluding motorcycles and anything else on two wheels.
不包括摩托车和其他两轮车
The UK lies in 34th place on the same list
英国名列同一榜单第34名
with 519 vehicles per 1,000 people.
每千人拥有519辆汽车
Rising property prices, expensive cars,
上升的房价 昂贵的汽车
what does this mean in terms of borrowing money?
那是不是意味着会去借款?
Household debt statistics,
家庭债务统计
which is measured by all money owed to financial institutions
用欠金融机构的钱来衡量
whether it be for a house or a BMW,
不管是贷房子还是宝马汽车
has both the UK and US in the top 10 ten countries of the world.
英国和美国位于世界前十名内
For 2016 the UK was in 6th place on the household debt list
2016年英国在房贷榜位列第六
and the U.S. not far behind in 7th place.
美国位于第七
UK citizens looking for a higher education
英国公民追求高等教育
and a good start in life might also have to take on a lot of debt
好的人生开端也让他们在工作前
before they actually embark on a career.
欠下了一堆债务
While much of Europe enjoys
欧洲大多数人享受
a free or low-cost higher education,
免费或便宜的高等教育
England is now said to be the most expensive place in the world to get a college degree.
据说现在英国得到一个大学学位很费钱
latest reports state UK nationals attending an Englis
最新报道称 在英国大学就读的公民
h university can expect annual tuition to be $ 11,715,
每年学费是11715美元
compared to the $ 9,410 Americans pay on average per year.
美国公民每年平均9410美元
On average, the class of 2016 in the USA owed around $ 37,172 in loans,
平均而言 美国2016届毕业生的贷款额约为37172美元
while students graduating from a university
当学生大学毕业后
in England could expect to owe
在英格兰将欠下
as much as something in the region of $ 40-55,000.
40-55000美元左右的贷款
Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland all
苏格兰 威尔士和北爱尔兰
have cheaper university tuition fees,
都有较便宜的学费
or no tuitio n fee for Scottish people studying in Scotland.
或者是苏格兰人在苏格兰读书不交学费
Students may still have to borrow to study, though,
不过 学生可能仍需贷款读书
with a recent report by the Student Loans Company stating the average stdent debt
据学生贷款公司近期的一篇报道称
in Northern Ireland abd Scotland
北爱尔兰和苏格兰的学生债务
was arount $26,000 and $15,000 respectively.
大约为26000美元和15000美元
The Welsh have part of their tuition fees
威尔士的部分学费
paid for by the Welsh government,
由威尔士政府承担
but students still rack-up debts
但学生们仍背负
on average of around $24,000.
24000美元左右的债务
UK citizens may take some comfort in matters of healthcare,
英国人可能会在医疗方面得到一些安慰
with most costs
大部分费用
covered by Britain’s National Health Service.
由英国国家医疗服务承担
Americans are not so fortunate,
美国人没这么幸运
with an article in The Atlantic this year stating
大西洋月刊的一篇文章证实
that more than a quarter of Americans said that
今年超过1/4的美国人说
someone in their household
在他们家乡一些人
was struggling to pay off crushing medical debts.
为支付医疗债务而奋斗
With that, we come to the end of today’s show.
到这 我们今天的节目要结束了
Head on over to the comments to let us know
去评论吧 让我们知道
which country you’d rather live in, and why!
你更愿意住在哪个国家及原因
And if you liked this video,
你如果喜欢这个视频
be sure to check out our other video called Americans vs Europeans!
一定去看我们另外的视频 美国VS欧洲
Thanks for watching, and,
感谢你的观看
as always, don’t forget to like, share, and subscribe.
永远别忘了喜欢 分享和订阅
See you next time!
下次见!

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视频概述

美国与英国在吃、穿、住、行等方面的比较。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

ʚ🐷ྀིɞ

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8vpCnE5RXrM

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