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依恋关系理论 – 译学馆
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依恋关系理论

Attachment Theory

我们都不会忘记孩提时的分离焦虑
We all remember feeling a sense of seperation anxiety when we were kids,
不论是父母将你搁在学校
whether it would be your parents dropping you off at school
抑或是将你心爱的毛绒玩具从你身边带走
or having your favourite stuff animal taking away from you.
我们会感到如释重负
We only got a sense of relief
在我们依恋的人或物离开我们的视线
when the person or thing that was taken away
而又出现的时候
is brought back.
这是早期依恋关系理论
This is the beginning of Attachment Theory.
分离焦虑可以持续到成年阶段
The seperation anxiety can continue into adulthood
如当你的手机不在身边时
like when you get anxious about
你会感到焦虑
having your cellphone taking away.
然而 为何人们会这样呢?
But, why do humans behave like this?
心理学家们认为早期童年焦虑源于依恋
Psychologists have labled the reason behind this early childhood anxieties as attachment.
并且通过亲子关系研究了人类情感联结
And have explored human connection through parent-child bonding.
丹尼尔·戈尔曼表明依恋关系不仅影响着
Daniel Goleman states that attachment provides the glue that keeps
夫妻关系甚至影响着整个家庭关系
not just the couple but a family together.
爱是我们抚育后代的动力
And care giving us the impulse to look after offspring.
正因如此我们的孩子可以茁壮成长直至掌握自己人生
So our children can grow up to have their own.
童年早期是最关键的发展阶段
The early stages of childhood are the most crucial and development.
这个阶段的经历决定了
This time in a child’s life is when they have experience that shape how we relate
我们的人际关系
to other people.
与孩子建立健康的人际关系双亲起到至关重要的作用
Having a healthy relationship with the child, parents is key in this development.
在某些家庭中孩子很难与母亲建立依恋关系
It is hard in some families though for a child to get a sense of attachment to their mother.
对此有如下原因
There are few reasons for this.
有时孩子母亲患上了
Sometimes the mother has
产后抑郁症
Post Partum Depression,
并且嫉妒孩子
and with jealous on the baby.
或者因为情感匮乏导致这个家庭
Or there’s a lack of resources that makes the family less ready to focus on
不具备建立依恋关系的能力
building an attchment.
玛丽·爱因斯沃斯曾经做过一个“陌生情境测验”
A study done by Mary Ainsworth called “Strange Situation”, in which
她将一位母亲和年龄介于9到18个月的孩子
she put a parent and a child between ages of nine to eighteen months
放在一个房间里
in a room.
然后 她带进来一个陌生人
She was then bring in a stranger
当孩子被陌生人转移注意力时 母亲悄然离开
while the child was preoccupied with the stranger, the parent would leave.
随后 孩子会对离开的母亲作出回应
Afterwards, the child would react to the missing parent,
并认为母亲还会回来
and said parent would come back.
爱因斯沃斯总结出三种依恋类型
Ainsworth typed three types of attachment,
安全依恋型 焦虑-回避依恋型
secure, anxious-avoidant attachment,
焦虑-矛盾依恋型
anxious-ambivalent attachment.
后来爱因斯沃斯的同事提出了
A fourth type of attachment was introduced later on
第四种依恋类型
the Ainsworth’s colleague Mary Main.
她提出了
She brought on Disorganized
混乱型依恋
Disoriented Attachment.
这一类型的孩子时而回避母亲或养育者 时而依恋他们
This is when a child avoids their parent or caregiver but is also clinging.
当母亲或者养育者离开后再回来
When the parent or caregiver leaves and comes back,
孩子看起来茫然而不知所措
the child looks dazed and disoriented.
我们与双亲或养育者的亲密关系
Our attachment style was what our parents or caregivers growing up
对我们当前的生活模式有着重大影响
with a huge role in how we live our lives today.
你认为你的依恋类型是什么呢?
What do you think your attachment style is ?
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波~
Bo~

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视频概述

本视频简单介绍了四种基本依恋类型,讲述了早期依恋关系对成年后人际关系的影响

听录译者

For you

翻译译者

小狐狸

审核员

审核团MG

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NhUSA5CrYVk

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