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意大利圣方济大教堂

Assisi, Italy: Legacy of St. Francis

向东一个小时的车程
An hour’s drive to the east takes
我们来到了附近的翁不里亚州
us to the neighboring state of Umbria,
因阿西西镇和圣徒弗朗西斯而闻名
famous for the town of Assisiand its beloved St. Francis,
圣弗朗西斯对中世纪教堂有着极大的影响
who had a huge impacton the medieval church.
中世纪的欧洲生活艰难欧洲世界非常宗教化
The story of medieval Europeis the story of hard lives
人们挣扎着 对与上帝的关系
and a very religious world where people struggled and stressed
尤为重视
about their relationship with God.
许多善于思考的人进了修道院
Many thoughtful peopleentered monasteries,
在这样的修养处
lived lives of quiet prayerand solitude
过着安静的隐居生活
in retreats like this.
大约1200年 弗朗西斯 来自阿西西的一名普通修士
Around the year 1200, Francis,a simple friar from Assisi,
就是这一类人
was one such person.
为了隐居 他来到这儿
He retreated to this hermitagefor the solitude,
直到今天
and it survives to this day
仍有一部分方济会修士在完成他的使命
with a handful of Franciscanfriars living out his mission.
在小教堂之后 你会发现
Behind a little chapel, you’ll find the tiny,
潮湿的小屋子 这是弗朗西斯私人祈祷的地方
dank cell, where Francis himself would retire for private prayer.
在这样美丽的背景下 你似乎能想象
In this beautiful setting,you can almost imagine
这位至爱的圣徒在向鸟儿布道
the much-loved saintpreaching to the birds.
[鸟鸣声]
[ Birds singing ]
弗朗西斯住在阿西西这个山镇里
Francis livedin the hill town of Assisi,
埋葬他的圣弗朗西斯大教堂俯瞰着整个小镇
while the Basilica of St. Francis where he’s buried, dominates the town.
我们待会前往
We’ll visit that later.
他的故事起于下面的山谷中的
His story starts herein the valley below
天使圣玛丽教堂
in the Churchof St. Mary of the Angels.
这是一座宏伟的巴洛式风格的教堂
It’s a grandiose,baroque church,
迈步入里 你会发现
but stepping inside,you’ll realize
圣天使玛丽教堂围一个简陋的小教堂而建
it’s built arounda humble little chapel.
作为一个年轻人
As a young man,Francis was living in a way
弗朗西斯过着一种吸引追随者的生活
that attracted followers.
他去罗马教廷
He went to the Vatican in Rome,
寻求教皇的赐福
asked for the Pope’s blessing
以继续他的事业 最终得到了赐福
to continue his work,and got it.
回到阿西西 他得到了一个需要修缮的小教堂
Back in Assisi, he was giventhis fixer-upper chapel.
这正是弗朗西斯和他的首批追随者们重建的
This is the actual chapel that Francis and his first followers rebuilt.
1209年 就是在这里他建立了方济会
And it was here in 1209 that he established the Franciscan Order.
在这座教堂里 朝圣者记得弗朗西斯生活工作直至死去的每个地点
Inside the chapel, pilgrims remember the very spotwhere Francis lived, worked,
不管怎样
and died, and how, as it turned out,
修缮小教堂是一种隐喻
fixing up that little chapel was a metaphor
暗示教堂需要改革
for a church in need of reform.
小教堂巍峨的教堂衬托得益发矮小
This chapel, so dwarfedby this enormous church,
反映了这个普通的修士
reflects the monumental impactthis simple friar,
圣弗朗西斯 一个超出时代的杰出的改革家
a reformer wellahead of his time,
对基督教徒的不朽影响
had on Christendom.
随着布道 弗朗西斯对衰颓的教会统治提出挑战
With his teaching,Francis challenged the decadence
of church government.
他使用非唯物主义和朴素等耶稣的信条
He took Jesus’ messageof non-materialism
挑战周围的富人和当权者
and simplicity seriously, challenging the wealthyand powerful around him.
他的”慢下来 细嗅上帝的玫瑰”论断
His”slow down and smellGod’s roses” teaching
吸引了一大批追随者
drew a huge following.
弗朗西斯努力成为一个像耶稣一般的人
Francis stroveto be Christ-like.
通过举例布道 他身无长物
He taught by example,he lived without worldly goods,
普爱众生
and loved all of creation.
庞大的宗教秩序在他的布道中逐渐成型
A huge religious ordergrew out of his teachings,
逐渐为教会接受
which were graduallyembraced by the church.
1939年 意大利追谥弗朗西斯为守护圣徒
In 1939, Italy made Francisone of its patron saints,
2013年 新上任的罗马教皇使用了这个名字
and in 2013, the newly-elected Popetook his name…
首位弗朗西斯教皇
the first-ever Pope Francis.

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视频概述

圣徒弗朗西斯的故事

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

陌上云树

审核员

审核员 T

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2pk_a5U2QuU

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