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艺术永不消亡 – 译学馆
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艺术永不消亡

Art will never die. So why does it need philanthropy? | Elizabeth Alexander | Big Think | Big Think

《艺术界的慈善事业为人类做了什么》
ELIZABETH ALEXANDER: I do not think that the arts are dependent on philanthropic efforts,
我认为 艺术不是依赖于慈善而存在的
which might sound to be at odds with what I do for a living
这听起来可能与我赖以为生的工作相冲突
but I think that what is remarkable about
但我认为艺术的显著特点是
the arts is that you cannot kill them.
没有人能让艺术消亡
They will not die.
艺术不会消亡
I think of this particularly with the art form
我特别以诗歌这一艺术形式为例
that I come out of, poetry.
来说明这一点
It actually is beautifully partnered
实际上 诗歌可以与各种社交媒体
by various social media
完美地结合在一起
because it can travel and be sent out
因为它便于传播推送
in a way that fiction is a little bit trickier
小说要做到这一点有些麻烦
because fiction is a longer form.
因为小说的篇幅较长
It simply takes longer to take it in.
简而言之 小说的传播需要更长时间
Poems on Instagram, on Twitter, there’s a way that poems can move
Instagram及Twitter上的诗便于传播
and social media is a great companion for that.
并且社交媒体与之是绝配
Poetry costs nothing.
诗是没有成本的
It is barely remunerated,
它几乎没有回报
and for thousands of years poetry has told us
数千年来 诗歌一直在告诉我们
who people are, who civilizations are, who communities and tribes are.
人 文明 社区和部落是什么
So I think that’s part of what is kind of astonishing about
因此 我认为这就是人们对艺术的力量——
the power of art is its durability.
艺术永恒的生命力感到惊讶的地方
I think though that what philanthropy can do is encourage and enable
我认为 虽然慈善所做的事值得鼓励和支持
and especially with other kinds of art forms
尤其是支持其它艺术形式
that do have some costs involved.
但这确实要付出某种代价
So if you think, for example, about public art projects.
例如 你想一想 公共艺术项目
Public art projects need cities and zoning
公共艺术项目需要城市 区域
and materials and people to move large objects
物料以及人员来运送大型物品
so that they can make these public artworks.
以便艺术家能够创作公共艺术品
That is something that I think
我认为慈善事业可以
philanthropy can do remarkable things about.
在这个领域做出一番成绩
Measuring success in the arts is sometimes a tricky business
衡量艺术的成功有时是件棘手的事情
because the influence and impact of the arts is
因为人们有时需要立即
sometimes felt in the immediate, right.
感受艺术的影响力及冲击力 不是吗
So when you behold a great work of art,
因此 人们欣赏一件伟大的艺术品
when you finish reading an extraordinary book,
读完一本无与伦比的典籍
when you listen to a stirring piece of music,
聆听一首激动人心的音乐时
you have an immediate feeling.
他们都立刻能够感受到艺术的魅力
But then there is another question that is sometimes longer term
但对评估艺术重要性的原因
and much more difficult to measure about why that matters,
有时还有另一个长期的且更困难的问题:
about how it makes its way through the world,
如何将艺术传播到世界各地
about how it finds its durability.
如何找到艺术的生命力
So I think that what I want to work on with my colleagues is thinking about,
因此 我认为 我想与同事共同致力于的是
is there a specialized way of thinking about impact with regard to the arts
思索是否存在一种特定的方式来思考艺术的影响
that again measures it on its own terms?
并再次用艺术的角度评估其影响力
There are some really interesting studies that,
有一些非常有趣的研究
for example, look at economic development in neighborhoods that have a presence of artists
比如 研究一下艺术家活跃的社区的经济发展
who are working to make their own dynamic presence felt in their neighborhoods
这些艺术家努力让社区感受到自己的积极参与
and that’s actually good for economic development.
这实际上对经济发展是有好处的
So that might be one way we could think about it.
因此 这可能是我们思考的一种方式
But I don’t want that to be the only way that we think about it
但是我希望这不是我们思考它的唯一方式
because to me it comes down to the very simple question:
因为对我而言 这是一个非常简单的问题:
Would you like us to live without art?
你是否希望我们的生命中没有艺术?
And I think that when we understand that
我认为 如果我们意识到
we would all be bereft without art and culture
没有文化和艺术 我们就会被遗忘
the question then becomes,
问题就会变成
how can we find not only the best but also the best that,
我们如何找到不仅是最美好的东西
again I’m thinking very much about which voices have not been heard as much?
而且还要思考更多从未听过的声音?
Which voices have not been supported as much
哪些声音没有得到更多的支持?
and which voices help us understand the complexity of our humanity
哪些声音帮助我们理解了人性的复杂性?
speaking specifically, you know our work is global
具体来说 我们的工作是全球性的
but speaking particularly in the American context.
但更多的是在美国这个国家
What is the American story,
那么 美国故事是什么呢?
and how do we listen to its many aspects?
我们如何解读美国故事的多样性?

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慈善支持艺术的发展,让人类了解艺术的重要性

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ERBBeOGCx6I

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