ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

你真的抑郁吗? – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

你真的抑郁吗?

Are you really... depressed?

这些日子 我们总能听到
These days, we often hear about
人们讨论一种持续性坏情绪
a state of continuous bad mood
即众所周知的抑郁症
that we all know as depression.
近日 抑郁症一词被过度使用
Depression became an overused word lately
但它不该与
and it shouldn’t be mixed up with the feelings
悲伤 怀乡或忧愁等情感混淆
of sadness nostalgia or melancholy
失去宠物 感到悲伤并无不妥
It’s ok to be sad if your pet died,
在外留学 思念家人 也是情理之中
to feel nostalgic about your family if you study abroad
为两个月前破裂的关系而哭泣
and it’s ok to cry for the relationship
也是没问题的
you broke up with 2 months ago.
有时很难区分
Sometimes it’s can be very tricky to recognize
困难的生活处境
the difference between difficult life situations
与抑郁症症状
and the symptoms of depression.
有些因素
There are few aspects that
会直接影响我们的情绪和健康
directly influence our mood and well-being.
例如 拥有家人朋友
For example: having friends and family,
有意义的工作
meaningful job,
能有效利用闲暇
productively using your free time,
有期盼的事等等
having something to look forward to and so on.
这些是能让我们
These are the dimensions that
一直努力 保持乐观的几个方面
we continuously work on and try to optimize
为避免生活陷入痛苦
We need these aspects settled
我们需要处理好这些方面的问题
in order to not lead a miserable and wretched life.
但如果你热爱社交
But what happens if you’re ecstatic in your social life
工作高效
productive at work
还有很多闲暇时间
and you have lots of free time,
却仍夜不能寐
but you still lie awake at night
盯着天花板
while you stare at the ceiling
认为自己的生活一事无成 那会发生什么呢
thinking that your life is going nowhere
如果是那样的话
Well in that case,
你可能真的抑郁了
you actually might be depressed.
抑郁症表现为
Depression manifests
情绪调节障碍
a dysfunction of the emotional regulation.
这是一种
It’s the situation when
情绪与实际不符的情况
your mood is not aligned to the actual reality.
没有发生什么不幸的事
Nothing really tragic has occurred,
但身体里有个声音告诉你
but something inside is telling you that
一切都是不幸的
everything is actually tragic.
你的情绪会突然低落
Suddenly your whole mood is down
并且开始影响你放松
and it starts to affect your capability to relax
娱乐 工作 与他人社交
and have fun, work, socialize with other people
甚至是自信的能力
or to define your self-confidence.
为了描述全面
And to paint the whole picture
我们还需要确定什么不是抑郁症
we also need to identify what depression isn’t.
以我们的好伙伴John为例
We can use our buddy John for an example.
John在一家软件公司当清洁工
John works in a software company as a janitor.
他在过去八年一直单身
John is single in the last 8 years
因为他酗酒
because he has a drinking problem
当他母亲被诊断出患癌症时
He developed his addiction
他的酒瘾加重了
when his mother was diagnosed with cancer,
所以他不得不做清洁工
So he had to work as a janitor
来支付母亲的治疗费用
to pay for his mother’s therapy
即使他有工程学学位
even though he had an engineering degree.
如今他感觉自己陷入了困境
Now he feels like he is stuck.
未来看起来迷茫而痛苦
The future looks foggy and miserable.
因为酗酒
Because of the drinking problem
他消瘦了很多
he lost a lot of weight
自信心也坠入谷底
and his self-confidence went down the hill,
他开始逃避他的朋友
so he started to avoid his friends
而不是去做些什么
instead of doing something about.
来提高食欲 戒掉酒瘾
his appetite or alcohol addiction
如今他没有朋友
Now he is friendless,
没有伴侣 身无长物
without a partner and broke.
但这不是抑郁症
This is not depression,
这只是可怕的生活
this is just a horrible, horrible life.
他面临诸多问题
He is a man with a lot of problems.
他的问题是低工资 生病的母亲
His problems are his low salary, sick mother,
不如意的工作以及酗酒
and unsatisfactory job and alcohol addiction.
甚至有些问题
And some of these problems
并不是他的错
are not even his own fault.
但这些是现实生活问题
But they are real life problems
他不得不努力并
on which he has to work hard
并最终解决它们
and eventually solve.
我们也可以从生物化学的科学层面
We can also explain what depression is and isn’t
即通过两种激素 多巴胺和血清素
on a scientific biochemical level
来解释什么是抑郁症 什么不是
using two hormones – Dopamine and Serotonin.
多巴胺是产生幸福感的激素
Dopamine is the hormone of happiness.
它与积极情绪有关
It’s associated with positive emotions
能让我们变得更热情
and makes us more enthusiastic.
谈及生活的前进
It is our best friend
它是我们最好的朋友
when it comes to moving forward in life.
另一方面 浓度低的血清素
Low levels of serotonin on the other hand
与消极情绪
are connected with negative emotions
普遍不满有关
and general dissatisfaction.
你想的没错
It’s the number one hormone associated with,
它是与抑郁症相关的头号激素
you guessed it, depression.
因为根据Jordan Peterson教授的说法
And because, according to Professor Jordan Peterson,
抑郁症和地位低下的症状
the symptoms of depression and low status
非常相似
are pretty much the same,
很多诊断出患抑郁症的人
many are diagnosed with depression,
实际上只是生活艰难
when in fact they just have a horrible life
面对重重困难
and a lot of problems
这一点也不好笑
which is no fun at all.
虽然诊断结果相同
The diagnosis is the same,
但治疗方法却不同
but the cure is different.
如果你在促进健康生活的各方面
If you’re doing reasonably well on several of the dimension
都做得很好
that contribute to healthy life
却一直很沮丧
and you feel sad all the time
这种情况抗抑郁药就派上用场了
this is where antidepressants come in handy,
如果问题出在情绪管理上
because they can work like charm
抗抑郁药就能产生神奇的效果
if the problem lies within your emotional regulation.
另外 如果你能力不足
On the other hand, if you’re incompetent,
没有朋友和伴侣
without friends or a partner,
没有任何有意义的事要去做
if you don’t have anything productive to do
也没有工作或是好的习惯
if you don’t have a job or some kind routine
那抗抑郁药帮不上你
then antidepressants won’t help you much
它能帮助你站起来
They can help you stand on your feet and
一个一个地解决问题
tackle the problems one at a time
但是真正的治疗方法在于承担责任
but the real cure lies in taking responsibility
面对生活
and putting your life together
因为现在的你并没有发挥所有的可能性
Since right now you’re not everything you could be.
其中含有非常积极的信息
And there’s a really positive message in that.
一旦你开始面对生活中的问题
Once you start to confront the issues in your life
并着手解决他们
and disarm them
然后你会发现这个世界一点也不黑暗痛苦
then the world might not seem as dark and miserable after all
观看 订阅 支持
Watch, subscribe, support.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

以生活实际为例,从科学角度解释什么才是真正抑郁症,辨别抑郁症与生活不幸,让我们更有效地治疗抑郁症,积极面对生活!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

素履以往

审核员

审核员#LY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nfjSuxPPig

相关推荐