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不含尼古丁的电子烟有害吗? – 译学馆
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不含尼古丁的电子烟有害吗?

Are Nicotine Free E-Cigarettes Harmful? | #aumsum

It’s AumSum Time.
欢迎来到奥萨小课堂
Are Nicotine Free E-Cigarettes Harmful?
不含尼古丁的电子烟对我们身体有害吗?
Cigarettes Ewwwww.
额……香烟
Lollipops are my favorite.
我最喜欢棒棒糖!
Nice AumSum.
很好啊!奥萨
The problem with Nicotine Free E-Cigarettes
无尼古丁的电子烟会也对人体造成危害
is that the liquid contained in them contains other harmful chemical
是因为它里面的液体含有对人体有害的化学物质
toxins, aerosols, flavorings etc..
例如毒素 悬浮颗粒 香料等
Multiple studies have shown the following.
很多研究表明
Firstly, chemicals released during the vaping process may contain carcinogens.
首先 这些化学物质会在人们吸烟的过程中释放一些致癌物
Secondly, cinnamon flavoring may impair the ability of cilia,
其次 电子烟中的桂皮香料会削弱纤毛清理细菌的能力
which are the first line of defense in our lungs,
也就是会阻碍我们肺里的第一道防线
causing diseases such as Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
这会导致人们生病 如哮喘和慢性阻塞性肺疾病
Thirdly, inhaling diacetyl, a flavoring agent used in e-cigarettes
第三 电子香烟香料中的丁二酮
can lead to a severe lung disease dubbed as “popcorn lung”.
会导致严重的肺疾病“爆米花肺”
Lastly, even when e-cigarettes are used for the first time.
最后 即使你是第一次吸电子烟
They have a harmful effect on our blood flow
它也会严重影响你的血液流动
i.e. our arteries get stiff
我们的动脉会变得僵硬
and amount of oxygen in our blood gets reduced.
而且我们血液中的含氧量会降低
So, it might be safe to avoid e-cigarettes.
所以 直到确凿的研究证明了电子烟是安全的之前
Until conclusive studies regarding their safety are completed.
不抽电子烟才是一种安全的做法
-Why do people like smoking? -Because they love coughing.
-人们为什么喜欢抽烟? -因为他们喜欢咳嗽
No.
其实并不
Teens or young adults start smoking
未成年人或年轻人开始抽烟
primarily because it feels glamorous and exciting
主要是因为吸烟让他们觉得自己有魅力而且兴奋
Watching friends as well as movie actors influences them as well
朋友和电影演员也会影响他们
Cigarettes contain tobacco which contain a highly addictive chemical called nicotine
香烟里的烟草里含有高致瘾物质尼古丁
When taken in nicotine enters the bloodstream and quickly travels to the brain.
当抽烟的时候 尼古丁顺着血液很快进入了大脑
Releasing feel-good chemicals
释放一些让人自我感觉良好的化学物质
and removing unpleasant feelings.
并同时消除一些使人不快乐的物质
This helps adult smokers to cope with stress and stay focused
这样能帮助成年吸烟者释放压力并保持专注
Shortly after completing the cigarette,
一位吸烟者在吸完一根烟后
a smoker starts feeling irritated and anxious
很快会开始感觉到恼怒和焦虑
He starts feeling a mild nicotine withdrawal
他会开始有轻微的尼古丁戒断感
On smoking the next cigarette,
当吸完下一支烟
the nicotine reaches the brain in less then 10 seconds.
尼古丁到达大脑的时间不到10秒
Instantly giving a pleasant feeling and sense of calmness
立马会给人一种愉悦并且平静的感觉
This makes it very difficult to stop
当人们开始变得情绪化和依赖尼古丁时
as the person starts becoming emotionally and mint dependent on nicotine
让他们停下来很困难
this leads to many people becoming chain smoker ,
这导致许多人变成瘾君子
needing multiple cigarettes a day
他们每天都需要吸很多的香烟
Why does Smoking cause Dark Lips?
为什么吸烟会导致嘴唇变黑呢?
Cause cigarette contain black lipstick
因为香烟里有黑色的唇膏吗
No
并不是
our skin contains melanocytes
我们的皮肤有一种生黑色素细胞
which produce a pigment called melanin
并且它们会产生黑色素
Melanin gives our skin its color
这种黑色素会给予皮肤颜色
and also absorbs the sun’s ultraviolet radiation
并且吸收太阳的紫外线辐射
thus protecting us from skin related diseases
以此来保护我们不会得相关的皮肤疾病
now when we smoke
但现在 当我们吸烟的时候
we inhale and exhale harmful chemicals
我们通过嘴巴吸入并呼出
like nicotine and benzopyrene especially from our mouth
像尼古丁和苯并芘这些有害的化工制品
so experts believe that perhaps as a protective mechanism
所以专家们相信那也许是一种保护机制
our melanocytes produce more melanin
我们的黑色素细胞在我们的嘴唇牙龈等等
in our lips gums etc.
产生更多的黑色素
to protect us from the harmful effects of these chemicals
它们保护我们免受这些化工制品的危害
this leads to hyperpigmentation
这会使得我们唇部着色过度
thus causing our lips to turn into a darker shade
因此使我们的唇部变成暗色
also while smoking as we repeatedly purse
当我们吸烟的时候
or pucker our lips to inhale the smoke
我们会反复挤压或撅起嘴唇吸烟
it eventually creates wrinkles on our lips
最终在我们嘴唇产生褶皱
These wrinkles accompany by dark lips
这种充满着褶皱的暗黑色嘴唇
are referred to as smokers’ lips
就是吸烟者的嘴唇
Why smoking makes people look old?
为什么吸烟使人看上去变老了?
So that we look more experienced and intelligent
那使我们看上去更有经验且更有智慧?
Smoking makes people look old because things like cigarettes contain nicotine
抽烟使人看上去变老是因为烟中还有尼古丁
Nicotine is a vessel constrictor
尼古丁是一种血管收缩剂
which means it narrows our blood vessels
它使血管变得狭窄
Restricting the blood supply
限制了血流的供应
When the blood supply is restricted
当血液供应受限制时
our cells don’t get the required oxygen and nutrients
我们的细胞就不能得到需要的氧气和营养物质
As a result, our skin becomes dry and discoloured
因此我们的皮肤变得干燥并且褪色了
In addition to this, the collagen and elastin fibre
此外 使我们的皮肤保持韧性和弹性的
s which keep our skin firm and elastic
胶原纤维和弹性蛋白
begin to break down much faster
开始以更快的速度分解
leading to saggy and wrinkled skin
导致皮肤下垂和褶皱
Also, when we smoke
另外 当我们吸烟时
we purse our lips and squint our eyes
我们会噘起嘴唇 眯起眼睛
Regularly repeating these actions
有规律地重复这些动作
may also cause wrinkles on our lips and around our eyes
也会导致我们嘴唇上和眼睛周围长出皱纹
In this way smoking makes our skin dry
这样 吸烟使我们的皮肤变得干燥
saggy and wrinkled
下垂以及长出皱纹了
does making us look old
的确使我们看上去变老了
What happens to our lung when we smoke?
当我们吸烟时 我们的肺发生了什么变化?
They turn colourful!
它们变成彩色的啦!
NO
并不是
Whenever we smoke cigarettes
只要我们吸烟
we inhale a mix of about 4000 harmful chemicals
就会吸入4000种有害的化学物质的混合气体
These chemicals cause swelling of bronchial tubes present to our lungs
这些化学物质会导致肺部支气管肿胀
does resulting an excess production of mucus
引起粘液分泌过度
Also they damage hair-like projections called cilia
它们还会损坏一种叫做纤毛的发状突起物
whose function is to push out the excess mucus
其作用是将多余的粘液排出
As a result, the bronchial tubes get clogged
结果是 支气管堵塞了
This leads to persistent coughing
我们的身体试图清除这些粘液
as our body attempts to clear the mucus
这导致了持续不断的咳嗽
does eventually causing chronic bronchitis
最终导致慢性支气管炎
Secondly, these chemicals also damage
其次 这些化学物质还会破坏
tiny air sacs called alveoli present in our lungs
我们肺里叫做肺泡的微小囊泡
This reduces the amount of oxygen entering our blood.
这减少了进入我们血液的氧气量
dose cause a condition called emphysema
从而引起肺气肿
Note that chronic bronchitis and emphysama are collectively
请注意 慢性支气管炎和肺气肿
called chronic obstructive pulmonary diease or COPD
统称为慢性阻塞性肺疾病或COPD
COPD is irreversible and incurable
COPD是不可逆的 且不能被治愈
Lastly,some of these chemicals can also damage
最后 其中一些化学物质也会
the DNA present in the cells of bronchial tubes and alveoli
破坏支气管和肺泡细胞中的DNA
Dose leading to lung cancer
这会引起肺癌

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