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蜜獾是聪明物种吗? – 译学馆
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蜜獾是聪明物种吗?

Are Honey Badgers One Of the World's Smartest Animals?

Honey badgers are really cool.
蜜獾真的很有能耐
They have these really complex ecological lives,
它们的生态生活十分复杂
these very broad diets.
饮食也很多样化
So they need to climb, they need to dig.
为此它们得爬树 挖洞
They do these behaviors that indicates a high level of intelligence.
它们的行为体现了高水平智商
but we haven’t actually tested that yet.
但目前我们尚未证实其真实性
Stoffel’s more obliging son, Stumpy,
Stoffel更乐于助人的儿子Stumpy
and another rescued honey badger, Julius,
和另一只获救的蜜獾Julius
are taking on the challenge.
接受了一项挑战
So far, the honey badgers have shown problem solving skills and adaptability.
在前两次实验中 蜜獾已经展现了问题解决能力和 适应能力
But in the third and final test,
不过在第三次与最终实验中
can they do something that would mark them
它们可以做出
as one of the most intelligent animals on the planet?
高智商动物的标志性行为吗?
Use tools.
使用工具
We’ve hung the box from a tree,
我们在树上挂了个箱子
so the honey badger can’t reach it from the top,
确保蜜獾从树顶够不着
they can’t reach it from the bottom.
在树底下也够不着
The only way they can reach it
它们能够到的唯一办法
is by dragging either a tire or their cage under it
就是拖过来轮胎或是笼子放在下边
so that they can then step up
这样一来就可以站上去
and reach the food that is inside.
然后够到箱子里的食物
If, in fact, honey badgers can use tools,
如果实际上蜜獾会使用工具
this puts them up there with some of the smartest animals in the animal kingdom
那么就可以和动物王国里顶聪明的
like chimpanzees or elephants.
猩猩和大象相提并论了
So it would be really exciting.
那会很令人振奋吧
Every single one has had that ability to escape,
每一只蜜獾都有本事逃脱
to take an object to the side of the wall and climb out.
有本事把东西带到墙边再爬出去
So definitely the potential’s there.
所以这种潜力肯定是有的
So he seems to be just jumping
它好像只会跳起来
and trying to get to the box,
看能不能够到箱子
but not making that connection
而不是想到另一个办法
that he needs to bring the crate or the tire over.
就是把笼子或者轮胎搬过来
He really wants it,
它很想要里面的吃的
but he just can’t seem to figure out how to get to it.
但就是不知道该怎么做
You see, he knows there’s something there.
看 它知道那儿有什么东西
Mm, he’s looking at it.
对 它在盯着看呢
He pushed his crate closer to the box,
它把笼子推近悬挂着的箱子
so that he could then climb on top of the crate
这样就可以爬到笼子上
and get to the box.
然后够到箱子了
Which indicates tool use and is really exciting.
这说明蜜獾是会使用工具的 太令人兴奋了
– Stunning.
真是不可思议啊
That is pretty cool.
太棒了
Yeah, I must say.
真的很棒 我得这么说
Giving them this puzzle box is confirming
此次实验证实了
what we’ve long suspected,
我们一直以来的猜测
that honey badgers are very good at solving problems,
蜜獾的确很擅长解决问题
that they’re very exploratory and adaptable.
它们有着非凡的探索能力和适应能力
From what we’ve seen they’re up there
从我们所观察到的情况来看
with the top innovators in the animal kingdom.
它们绝对是动物王国里顶级的创新者
Is this intelligence,
是不是就是这种
often misread as calculated and cunning,
常被误解为精明和狡猾的智慧
that gives these animals an edge in the wild.
提高了这些动物野外的生存能力?

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视频概述

测试者用一项实验验证了蜜獾会利用工具去解决问题,证明其为高智商动物。

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翻译译者

ri

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZyjKF31_JQ

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