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惊奇狗狗:犬类真的比猫聪明吗?

Are Dogs Really More Intelligent Than Cats?

To start my journey, I’m going to get eye to eye
为了开始我的旅程 我将要和
with the king of dogs
犬科中的王者面对面交流
The biggest and most feared canine on the planet,
地球上最大型 最可怖的犬科动物
the wolf

OK. So they might not be adult wolves,
当然 它们可能不是成年狼
though these little pups show the traits
虽然这些小狼崽已经展现出了
shared by all canines,including our pet dogs.
包括宠物狗在内的犬科动物的共同特征
Wolves share 98.8%of their DNA with domestic dogs,
狼98.8%的基因与家养狗相同
and the similarities are immediately obvious.
并且它们的相似之处相当明显
These hand-raised pups are two months old.
这些人工饲养的狼崽只有两个月大
In the wild, they’d just be emerging from their den,
在野外 它们还只是刚刚走出洞穴
And their dark fur would offer fantastic camouflage.
深色的皮毛将会给它们提供了很好的伪装
As they get older, they will eventually lose their puppy fluff.
随着年龄增长 它们最终会褪下幼年期的绒毛
It’ll be replaced by their adult fur, which has two layers to it
取而代之的是具有两层结构的成年期皮毛
a soft, downy under fur,
内层毛松软绵密
and then a second outer layer,
而外层则是由
which is made of thick guard hairs.
具有保护功能的粗硬毛发组成
But for now, they’ve still got this really soft puppy fur.
不过现在 它们还处在皮毛软和的幼年期
Even at this young age,
即使它们年幼
they have a natural drive to chase almost everything they see.
它们已然有着追逐它们所看到的一切的冲动
This stalking and chasing behavior
而这种追踪与追逐行为
is seen in all members of the family.
在整个犬科动物大家族里都能看出来
It’s known as the canine prey drive instinct.
因此也被称为犬科动物的猎食驱动本能
These wolf pups are highly social.
这些狼崽具有高度的社会性
As they play, they’re working out
它们在玩耍的时候
their hierarchy and who is boss.
就已经在划分群体等级与确认首领
Most canines are team players.
大多数犬科动物是团队合作
And to cope with the complexities of group living,
为了处理团体生活中发生的复杂情况
they evolved bigger brains,
它们进化出了更大的大脑
which is why dogs are more intelligent
这也是为什么狗比猫这样的独居动物
than some solitary animals, like cats.
要更为聪明的原因
These pups might only be two months old,
虽然这些幼崽只有两个月大
but it’s clear that they have all the tools they’ll need
但很明显他们已经有了他们所需要的工具
to become expert predators.
去变成老练的捕食者

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视频概述

这个视频从犬科动物的王者——狼引入,介绍了许多犬科动物的共同行为属性,让我们能更好地了解犬科动物这个生物分支。

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收集自网络

翻译译者

浅夏

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审核员PH

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tbmbcJY86L8

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