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7种情商的表现,看看你有几种呢? – 译学馆
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7种情商的表现,看看你有几种呢?

Are Atheists Smarter?

来吧心理学
Psych2Go
在过去的一个世纪
Science and faith have been on opposite sides
科学和信仰一直站在拳击台的对立面
of the boxing ring for the past century.
节日快乐?
Happy Holidays?
不能接受!
Unacceptable!
宗教信仰成了人们不想
Religion has become one of those things
在餐桌上谈论的话题之一
that people don’t like talking over the dinner table.
火上浇油的是
To add fuel to the fire,
最近的一些研究表明宗教信仰
some recent studies suggest a negative correlation
和一般智力之间存在负相关
between religiosity and general intelligence.
不能接受!
Unacceptable!
冷静!
Calm down!
它要比这复杂得多
It’s much more complicated than that!
那么这背后的心理学是什么呢?
So what’s the psychology behind this?
我们为什么不看看呢?
Why don’t we take a look?
让我们看吧
Let’s jump in!
2011年的一项研究用调查来测试
A study in 2011 used surveys to test the correlation
一个人宗教信仰与一般智力之间的相关性
between a person’s religiosity and the general intelligence.
这个调查包括类似
The surveys included items like
“我向上帝寻求力量 帮助和指引”的项目
“I look to God for strength, support and guidance”.
参与测试的人会在
And the individual being tested would
四分量表上对这个项目进行评分
rate this statement on a four-point scale.
此外 参与者还通过包括语言流畅度和认知
In addition, participants were also measured on their general intelligence
加工速度在内的测试衡量他们的智力水平
through tests including verbal fluency and speed of cognitive processing.
一项有超过2000多名美国人样本的研究
Using a sample size of over 2000 Americans,
发现宗教信仰和一般智力之间存在负相关
the study found a negative correlation between religiosity and general intelligence,
这意味着一个人信仰的宗教越多
meaning that the more religious a person was,
他们或许会变得更不聪明
they’re less likely they were to be generally intelligent.
什么?
What?
不能接受
Unaccep-
愤怒 还有更多
Hold on angry, Youtube commenter,
Youtube的评论者赶来
there’s more to come.
之前很多研究探讨了这种相关性
Many studies have explored this correlation before.
一项2009年的研究将一般智力和无神论联系起来
A study in 2009 linked general intelligence with atheism.
1997年的另一项研究表明科学家更
And another in 1997 found that scientists were much more likely
可能是无神论者而不是普通人群中的一员
to be atheists than a member of the general population,
然而 相关性并不意味着因果关系
however, correlation does not mean causation,
只因为两个事物之间存在相关性
just because two things are linked doesn’t mean
并不意味着它们会互相影响
they cause each other.
它们可能还有很多其他的解释
They could be many other explanations.
这只是一部分
Here are just some.
宗教信仰和理性之间或许真的
There may really be something about religion and rationality
存在思想上的矛盾
that contradicts each other in the mind.
它们可能依赖于一组相似的特征
They may be dependent on a set of similar traits,
使之成为互相之间的表达
making it so the expression against each other.
但这仍然……
But that’s still…
不能接受?
unacceptable?
很好 这也有强大的替代方案
Well, there are strong alternatives too.
就拿曲棍球爱好者和喝啤酒的人来说
Take the correlation between hockey lovers and beer drinkers.
尽管这段关系背后并没有很多科学依据
Although there isn’t a lot of science behind this relationship,
很多人仍会同意曲棍球和啤酒是正相关的
many would agree that hockey and beer are positively correlated.
然而 看曲棍球与品尝味道无关
However, watching hockey has nothing to do with taste perferences
完美的享受这项运动
and it’s highly unlikely that
也不太可能让人喜欢喝啤酒
enjoying the sport causes one to enjoy beer as well.
可能是曲棍球文化和
More likely, it’s the culture of hockey
喝啤酒的文化影响了个人
and culture of beer drinking that influences the individual.
这同样适用于信仰和理性
This may also apply to faith and rationality.
最终 让我们来考虑下地理偏差
And finally, let’s take into account the geographical biases.
重要的是我们知道
It’s important to know that
这些研究的样本大多来自美国北部
these studies mostly include samples within Northern America.
一个变得越来越世俗的区域
A geographical space has become increasingly secular.
因此 这些相关性可能是美国人
Therefore, these correlations may be a statement about
对于宗教信仰的一种看法
the way of religion is perceived in America.
而不是与一般智力的实际相关性
Rather than is actual correlation with general intelligence,
或许在美国
maybe in America,
超越身份的聪明不意味着拥有信仰
being smarter than identity just does not bode well with having faith.
这对世界其他国家可能并不准确
This may not be true for the rest of the world.
我意思其他地方的人不会因为咖啡杯生气
I mean people in other places don’t get angry over coffee cups.
对吗?
Right?
嗯 是 我同意
Uh… yeah, I guess.
那你怎么看?
So what do you think?
这些科学发现还有其他解释吗?
Are there any other explanations for these scientific findings?
请在下面留下你的评论
Leave a comment below,
如果你喜欢我们所做的
I remember to hit that like and subscribe
我会记得点击和订阅它
if you love what we do.

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视频概述

宗教信仰与智力水平究竟有什么样的关系?这里的各项研究告诉你

听录译者

小多荷

翻译译者

凌月

审核员

审核团HL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VzLUAGR3dMk

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