ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

天灾会消失? – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

天灾会消失?

Are "Acts of God" Disappearing?

大家好 我是分钟地球的凯特
Hi, this is Kate from MinuteEarth.
1903年 一场空前的洪水席卷了堪萨斯州
In 1903, an unprecedented flood struck Kansas,
破坏了无数房屋 农田和公共设施
wreaking havoc on homes, farmland, infrastructure,
以及整整一列车的黄油
and an entire trainload of butter.
生产商向铁路公司追究丢失的货物
The creamery sued the rail company for its lost cargo,
但是铁路公司称 因为洪水完全失控
but the railroad argued that they shouldn ’ t be responsible,
不应该是他们的责任
since the flood had been completely out of their control.
法院同意铁路公司的说法
The court agreed,
裁定洪水是天灾
ruling that the flood had been an “ act of god. ”
事实上 从16世纪开始
Courts around the world have actually been using the term
全世界的法院开始用“天灾”形容无法预测的事件
since the 1500 ’ s to describe unprecedented events that seem to come out of nowhere.
如今在合同和保险条款以及一些美国环境法里
Today, you ’ ll see “ acts of god ” mentioned in contracts,
你会看到“天灾”
insurance policies, and a few US environmental laws.
同时 就像“黄油案”一样
And, like in the butter case,
你可能听见一名律师
you might hear a lawyer milking the term as a defense in court
用天灾来进行辩护
To use the “ act of god ” defense,
你不需要提供天降灾难的证据
you don ’ t have to prove that a god actually caused the event,
你只需证明两件事:
you just have to prove two things: one,
第一 所采取的合理防范措施
that taking reasonable precautions couldn ’ t
不足以抵挡破坏
have prevented the damage,
第二 破坏为自然灾害
and two, that the damage was caused by a natural force with
而非人为
no human influence.
但是符合这两个条件变得越来越难
But it ’ s getting harder and harder to meet these criteria,
先来说说合理的预防措施
starting with the reasonable precautions.
多亏了进步的技术和科学知识
Thanks to improving technology and scientific knowledge,
我们越来越容易预测
we ’ re increasingly able to predict
毁灭性事件的大小 范围和轨迹
the size, scope, and path of destructive events,
这些都增加了用没有合理防护措施
which raises the bar for what kind of “ reasonable
来避免灾难从而免责的困难
precautions” might be required to staveoff damage.
例如 在1903年
For instance, back in 1903,
铁路曾经在看上去足够高的地面上放上黄油车
the railway had put the butter car on what seemed like high
来保持它安全
enough ground to keep it safe,
但是他们几乎不知道洪水会有多严重
but they had little way of knowing how severe the flood would be Today,
今天随着更多有关洪水知识的问世
with a lot more flood knowledge,
他们不得不更好地为天灾准备黄油
they ’ d have to better prepare the butter for the
保护铁路能够贴住地面
act of god defense to stick.
而第二个条件也很难满足
And the second criteria is also harder to meet
因为我们发现
because we ’ re finding that an increasing
自然灾害的频繁发生有受到来自人类的影响
number of natural disasters do have humanfingerprints on them.
例如 人类活动导致了
For instance, human activities have led to
气候变暖和海平面上升
the warming and rising of the ocean, which
这更是直接导致了2012年的飓风桑迪
almost certainly intensified Hurricane Sandy
并且有可能加重了欧洲的2015年的
in 2012 and likely exacerbated Europe’s 2015 heat wave
事实上 科学家们估计
In fact, scientists estimate
桑迪造成的一些后果
that some of Sandy ’ s catastrophic effects – like the
像淹没重要的运输隧道
flooding of vital transit tunnels,
增加了超过一百亿美元的损坏
which added more than ten billion dollars of damage – might
而这些损坏在没有人类活动的影响下可能不会发生
not have happened without the effects of humanactivity.
自从像洪水 干旱 火灾这样的自然灾害
Since natural events like floods, droughts,
越来越频繁地发生
and wildfires are happening more often and
并且比起过去带来越来越严重的损坏
doing more damage than they used to,
我们确实可能在未来的法庭上被看成更多天灾事件的始作俑者
we may actually be seeing more Act of God cases pop up in court in the future.
但是因为我们正在变得阿谀奉承 我的意思是
But because we ’ re becoming butter… I mean…
更好地预测那些事件
better at predicting those events –
并且承认我们自己对它们的影响
and recognizing our own contributions to them –
防护天灾的成功率
the success of the act of god defense may soon be relegated
可能很快就降到最低
fully to the margarines.
嘿 看这儿
Hey there!
到目前为止2017年是分钟地球营业最好的一年
2017 has been the best year for MinuteEarthso far.
我们为比以往更多的观看者制作了比以往更多的视频
We made more videos than ever for more viewersthan ever.
在七月二十号
And on July 20th,
分钟地球的总观看时间达到新高
you guys combined to watch the most MinuteEarth content ever seen in one day
你们大约观看了
– you watched
四年半的视频
about 4 and a half years ’ worth of our videos!
无论你是否是一名新的观看者或者
Whether you’re a brand-new viewer or someone
或者是那些自从节目开始就已经加入的
who’s been tuning in since the very beginning,
我们只想为你们的加入说声谢谢
we just want to say thank you for joiningus!
对于Patreon和YouTube的赞助
And to our Patreon patrons and YouTube Sponsors,
感谢它们使我们的制作成了可能
thanks for making *us* possible!
我们很高兴能收到观看者的所有来信 你今年最喜欢的分钟地球时刻是哪些
We ’ d love to hear from all our viewers -what were some of your favorite MinuteEarth moments of the year?
下一年你更想看什么内容
What would you like to see more of –
或不想看什么
or less of – next year?
请在评论区或者推特或者脸书告诉我们吧
Let us know in the comments or on Twitter or Facebook –
感谢收看
and thanks for watching!

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

人类活动对自然灾害起着越来越大的影响

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

落叶归根

审核员

审核员 RN

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uiiPDio-dzo

相关推荐