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真实的尼莫:小丑鱼

Anemonefish and Clownfish: The Real Nemo (HD) | JONATHAN BIRD'S BLUE WORLD

来到乔纳森伯德的蓝色世界 乔纳森探索海葵鱼
Coming up on Jonathan Bird’s Blue World, Jonathan investigates clownfish!
嗨 我是乔纳森伯德 欢迎来到我的世界
Hi, I’m Jonathan Bird and welcome to my world!
水下摄影是一个超级棒的工作
Underwater photography is a fantastic job.
虽然我很喜欢在世界各地潜水 但我必须承认
Although I enjoy diving all over the world, I have to admit that exploring coral reefs
在清澈温暖的水中探索珊瑚群是我工作中最令人放松和平静的一部分
in clear warm water is the most relaxing and peaceful part of my job.
在珊瑚礁你会遇到各种各样的美丽的动物
There are all kinds of wonderful animals to meet on coral reefs such as
比如尖尖的狮子鱼
A pointy lionfish or
或是用好奇的眼睛看着我的章鱼
A curious octopus looking me in the eye.
对于看海葵鱼 那我还真是乐此不疲
I never get tired of watching anemonefish though.
对于不是专业潜水的人中 很少有人听说过海葵鱼直到它们出现在迪斯尼
Outside of the world of diving, very few people had heard of anemonefish until Disney and
和皮克斯的动画中它们才广为人知
Pixar came along.
在电影《海底总动员》中 海葵鱼扮演主角
In the film Finding Nemo, an anemonefish plays the starring role.
在现实生活中 这些小鱼与好莱坞中的形象大有不同
In real life, these little fish are a lot different from their Hollywood portrayal—I
我指的是除了它们确实不会讲话这个事实以外的
mean other than the fact that they don’t actually talk.
但是你可能会惊讶于这些丰富多彩的小鱼
But you may find these colorful little fish quite surprising.
加入我的潜水之旅 带你去看看一些真正的海葵鱼
Join me on a dive to meet some real anemonefish!
在印度洋和太平洋的各个热带区域都可以找到海葵鱼
Anemonefish are found all over the tropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
他们在珊瑚礁里很常见 所以我用不了多少时间就能找到一条
They are quite common on coral reefs, so it won’t take me too long to find one.
在太平洋的雅浦岛的一块礁石上 我找到了一对有着橘黄色鳍的海葵鱼
Searching a reef on the Pacific Island of Yap, I soon come across a pair of Orange-fin
它们正在像粗毛地毯一样的海葵上嬉戏
Anemonefish, frolicking in an anemone that looks like a shag carpet.
它们一点都不怕我
They are not afraid of me at all.
我可以朝它们游去 和它们对视
I can swim right up and look them in the eye.
有28种不同种类的海葵鱼 每一种都是色彩斑斓的
There are 28 different species of anemonefish—all of which are very colorful, but the
但是小丑海葵鱼(有时候也叫小丑鱼)可能是当中最美丽的一种
Clown anemonefish (sometimes called the clownfish) is probably the most beautiful.
这就是《海底总动员》里的角色的原型
This is the species that was the basis for the character in Finding Nemo.
海葵鱼因为它们居住在有毒的海葵里而得名
Anemonefish get their name because they live in a toxic anemone.
海葵用有毒的触角叮大部分鱼类
This lush carpet has venomous tentacles that sting most fish.
但是海葵鱼体表覆盖着一层特殊的粘液来避免海葵叮到它们
But the anemonefish is covered in a special slimy mucous that keeps the anemone from stinging it.
因为这种适应方式海葵鱼通过被海葵保护的方式得以生存下来
Because of this adaptation, the anemonefish can live, protected by the anemone, happily
并且能在杀死其他鱼类的众多触角里来回玩耍
playing in the very tentacles that would kill other fish.
海葵鱼不是唯一一种可以生活在海葵里的动物
Anemonefish are not the only animals that can live in the anemone.
清洁虾也同样藏在海葵里
Cleaner shrimps hide here as well.
它们通过清理鱼身上的寄生虫进食为了答谢清洁虾的服务
They eat by cleaning the parasites from the fish, and in exchange for their services,
这些鱼会很仁慈 不会吃这些清洁虾
the fish graciously don’t eat the shrimp.
但是当你一整天都遭到过度活跃的海葵鱼的骚扰
But it’s hard to relax when you are batted around by hyperactive anemonefish all day
就很难放松自己了
long!
海葵给予海葵鱼的保护
The protection afforded by the anemone is the reason why the anemonefish aren’t afraid
就是为什么海葵鱼不怕我的原因
of me.
它们知道海葵的触角保证了它们的安全
They know that the anemone’s stinging tentacles keep them safe.
如果另外一种鱼 像小热带鱼 靠近海葵 这些海葵鱼就会变得有地盘意识
If another fish like this damselfish comes near the anemone, the anemonefish become territorial,
然后把它赶跑
and chase it away.
海葵鱼保护着它们的海葵 就如同海葵保护着它们一样
They protect their anemone just as much as the anemone protects them, so it’s a good
所以它们保持着不错的关系
relationship.
如果一只鱼儿靠的太近 海葵就会用它有毒的触角叮刺它 使它丧失活动的能力
And if a fish gets too close, the anemone gets a meal—using its venomous tentacles
通过这样的方式来美美地吃上一顿
to sting and disable the fish.
这鱼儿就成为了海葵的午餐
This fish is lunch.
海葵可能看起来像一种奇怪的植物
The anemone might look like some kind of weird plant, but it’s actually a simple animal
但其实他却是一种中间有嘴巴的简单动物
with a mouth in the middle.
它基本上就是一种不会游泳的水母
It’s basically a jellyfish that can’t swim.
海葵是海葵鱼强大的的朋友 它们通过多种方式互相帮助
The anemone is a formidable allay to the anemonefish in more ways than one.
它们也通过借助海葵的保护来保证它们的鱼卵的安全
They use the protection of the anemone to keep their eggs safe too.
雌性海葵鱼把鱼卵产在海葵边缘的底部
The female anemonefish deposits her eggs on the reef, under the edge of the anemone.
然后由从属她的雄性海葵鱼接管
Then her subservient males take over.
雄性海葵鱼负责所有照顾鱼卵的工作
The males provide all the egg care.
雌性海葵鱼只是在一边观看着
The female just sits back and watches.
在任何一群海葵鱼中 总有一只海葵鱼是最大的
In any group of anemonefish, there is always one anemonefish which is the largest.
这就是占主导地位的雌性海葵鱼
This is the dominant female.
在海葵鱼的社会中 雌性海葵鱼是老大
In anemonefish society, the females are the boss.
最有趣的事情之一是所有海葵鱼出生的时候都是雄性
One of the most interesting things about anemonefish is that they are all born male, but as they
但是当它们长大变成熟了后一些会完全转化为雌性
mature, some will completely transform into females!
只有当领头的雌性海葵鱼死亡以后 接班的雄性海葵鱼才有机会变成雌性
Only when the dominant female dies will the next male in line get the chance to transform
成为新的头儿
into a female and become the head honcho.
在那之前 所有在海葵里较小的小海葵鱼都是从属于雌性的雄性海葵鱼
Until then, all the smaller anemonefish in the anemone are subservient males.
最终证明 事实比虚构更加离奇 当我的潜水之旅快结束时
Truth is stranger than fiction as it turns out, and as my dive comes to an end, I realize
我意识到了现实中的海葵鱼比好莱坞电影里的Nemo更加吸引人
that anemonefish are even more fascinating than Hollywood would have us believe.
海洋里的动物真的非常不可思议
The animals of the ocean truly are remarkable.

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