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内向者的幸福指南 – 译学馆
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内向者的幸福指南

An Introvert's Guide to Happiness

这一视频由Audible赞助播出
This video is sponsored by audible.
现今 大部分人都很清楚
Now, most people have a pretty good idea of
自己是内向还是外向的人
whether they’re an introvert or an extrovert.
那么 在这问大家一个简单的问题
So, here’s an easy question for you:
你是内向还是外向的人呢
are you an introvert or an extravert?
无论答案是什么 我想你都没错
Whatever you replied, I’m sure you’re right,
但问题并没有这么简单
but there’s a little bit more to it.
在外向和内向之间 每个人都有更多具体的性格特质
Within introversion and extraversion you have a lot more detailed personality traits.
多了解自己性格特证 会提升幸福感
And understanding more about these can help improve your well-being:
尤其是对于内向的人来说
particularly if you’re introverted.
在西方 我们生活在一个为外向行为设计的世界里
In the west, we live in a world designed for extroverted behaviour.
比如 为了在平时的工作场合中获得认可
To get ahead in a typical workplace, for example,
你必须得在开放式的办公室里游刃有余
you have to survive an open plan office,
参加会议和社交聚会
attend conferences and their networking mixes,
以及在满屋子的人面前做演讲
and do presentations to rooms full of people.
苏珊•凯恩在她的著作《安静》中称这是外向者的理想状态
In her book Quiet, Susan Cain calls this The Extravert Ideal –
即认为理想中的自己是合群的 擅长交际的 并喜欢成为众人的焦点
the belief that the ideal self is gregarious, highly social and comfortable in the spotlight.
甚至有研究发现
Even studies have found
外向的人更容易位居高位
that extroverted people land more frequently in leadership positions
享受更高水平的幸福感
and enjoy higher levels of happiness.
很多研究都是基于一些宽泛的定义
A lot of these findings are based on broad definitions,
即认为外向型的人善交际 外向 又坚定自信
where extroverts are sociable, outgoing and assertive
而内向型的人行事保守 低调
and introverts have a more reserved demeanour.
但每个人性格上又存在着许多的细微差异
But there are many nuances of your personality.
2017年的一项研究着眼于哪些具体的性格特质预示着更高的幸福感
A 2017 study looked at which detailed personality traits indicate high levels of well-being.
研究者发现 更高的热情预示着更积极的人际关系
They found that higher enthusiasm predictedpositive relationships,
更高的自我接受度和生活满意度
self-acceptance and life satisfaction.
那些更有求知欲的人成长得更快
Those with more intellectual curiosity experienced more personal growth,
这对于正在观看本视频的你来说或许是个好消息
which is probably good news for everyone watching this video!
而那些更勤奋的人
And more industrious people
更有可能对自己的人生目标感到满意
were more likely to be satisfied with their purpose in life
并拥有积极乐观的心态
and experience positive mood.
即使这些性格特质目前还未得到充分发展
Even if these personality traits aren’t well-developed right now,
他们可以在你一生中发展演化
they can evolve over the course of your life.
久而久之 你可以立志变得更热情或更勤奋
You can aim to be more enthusiastic or industriousover time.
但这是一个缓慢的变化过程
But it is a slow change.
另一项研究着眼于你对所处环境的感受
Another line of research looks at how you feel in your environment right now.
你对周围环境的适应程度
This feeling of how well you fit into your surroundings,
不论是学校 工作场所或是社交环境
whether that be your school,workplace or social settings,
这种感受被称作个人与环境契合度
is known as person-environment fit.
西方许多内向的人觉得他们无法融入环境
A lot of people in the west who are more introverted feel like they don’t fit in,
所以他们就假装外向 这会导致自尊心下降
so then they fake being extraverted, and this leads to lower self-esteem.
2018年一项研究就以这个想法为基础
This was the basis for a 2018 study,
研究人员研究了人与环境的契合度 内向和幸福感之间的关系
where researchers looked at the relationship between person-environment fit, introverts and well-being.
参与者被问及他们多么内向或外向
Participants were asked how introverted or extraverted they were
然后被问他们希望自己多么内向或外向
and then how introverted or extroverted they wanted to be.
大多数参与者都希望自己更外向些
The majority of participants wanted to be more extraverted,
尤其是内向的那些人
particularly those who were introverted.
这是因为他们生活在崇尚外向的社会里
This was largely because they live in a society that values extraversion.
超过80%的参与者说
More than 80 % of the participants said
他们觉得仅仅过好日常生活
they felt like it was necessary to show extraverted characteristics
都有必要体现出外向的性格特征
in just going about their dailylife.
现在研究人员将这种希望更外向些的渴求
Now researchers called this desire to
称作外向赤字信念
be more extraverted than you are your extraversion-deficit belief.
它突出了在你的信念中自我接受的重要性
And it highlights the importance of self-acceptancein your beliefs.
比如:这一研究发现
For example: this study found
那些自我接纳并对自己的内向感到适宜的内向者
introverts who were self-accepting and comfortable with their introversion
体验到更高水平的幸福感
experienced higher levels of well-being,
与外向者所体验到的幸福相近
closer to the level experienced by extraverts.
幸福并非来自于人们拥有的某种性格特质
Well-being didn’t come from people having a particular personality trait,
而是来自于他们自己的信念如何与这些特质相互作用
It came from how their beliefs about themselves interacted with those traits.
所以接受你的内向
So becoming more accepting of your introversion
以及在内向-外向连续链条中你所处的位置
and your place on this introversion extroversion continuum
对增加内向者的幸福是很有必要的
is essential for introverts to increase their well-being.
幸运的是你的信念可以改变
Luckily your beliefs can be changed.
对于新手:别忘记西方的学校及工作场所
For starters:Remember that schools and workplaces in the west
经常是为外向者准备的
are often geared towards extraverts.
在这些场合觉得不自在并不意味着你无法融入环境
Feeling uneasy in these situations doesn’t mean that you don’t fit in,
这意味着环境不是为你设置的
it means that they weren’t designed for you.
关注你的优势以及你可以发挥优势的情景
Focus on your strengths and situations whereyou can use them.
要知道并非所有内向者都一样
Know that not all introverts are the same.
有些害羞 有些焦虑
Some are shy, some are anxious,
有些善于反思 而其它的则喜欢安静时光
some are reflective and others just prefer quiet time.
给你的内向程度加个修饰语是个不错的方法
A good task is to add a qualifier to how you are introverted,
这样你就可以更多地了解
so you can understand more
自己会如何对特定环境做出反应
about how you will respond to a specific environment.
不要强迫自己成为和自己不一样的人
And don’t force yourself to be someoneyou’re not!
超过三分之一的人更偏向内向的一边
More than one-third of people fall on the more introverted side of the spectrum.
你可以尝试塑造自己的性格特质
You can try to mould your personality traits
随着时间 变得更热情或更有求知欲或更勤奋
to be more enthusiastic or intellectually curious or industrious over time.
这样可以增加幸福感
And this may lead to increased wellbeing.
但通往幸福最重要的事
But the biggest thing that leads to happiness
是承认内向也很好
is acknowledging that being an introvert is okay.
内向很正常
It’s normal.
练习自我接纳可以最大程度地提高幸福感
And practicing self-acceptance leads to thegreatest boost in well-being.
如果你是那三分之一更喜欢独处时光的人中的一员
Now if you are part of the 1/3 of people who prefer alone time,
试着用那个收听Audible上苏珊·凯恩写的《安静》
Try using that to listen to Quiet by Susan Cain on audible.
他们是这个视频的赞助商
They’re the sponsor of this video.
如果你想满足你的求知欲 那真是太棒了
And perfect if you want to boost your intellectual curiosity.
他们精选了绝佳的有声书 新闻 原创声频节目等
They have an unmatched selection of audio books, news, original audio shows, and more.
《安静》探讨了在喋喋不休的世界中内向者的力量
Quiet explores the power of introverts in a world that can’t stop talking.
我真的很喜欢 并且我认为你们大家也会喜欢
I really liked it and I think you guys will too.
你可以试听30天
You can start listening with a 30 day audible trial,
在这期间第一本有声书和两个音频原创节目可以免费听
where your first audio book plus two audible originals are free.
访问audible.com/braincraft ir text braincraft to 500-500
Visit audible.com/braincraft or text braincraft to 500-500.
一如既往 感谢大家在Patreon上对我的支持
As always, thank you to everyone who supports me on patreon
包括我最忠实的主顾杰森·肖恩·波格和杰克·泰伯
including my top tier patrons Jason Shonen Berg and Jack Tabor.
感谢各位的支持
I appreciate all of your support.
如果你想向他推销 请点击链接doobly-doo
Link in the doobly-doo if you want to pitch him.

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视频概述

在外向者主宰的世界里默默保持自己的内向是种什么体验? 内向者真的不适合在这个社会生存与发展吗?内向者的幸福生活靠什么来维系呢?点击视频来,寻找答案吧!

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视频来源

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