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龙涎香的故事 – 译学馆
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龙涎香的故事

Ambergris: Why Perfume Makers Love Constipated Whales

大家好 我是迷你课的艾米丽
Hi, this is Emily from MinuteEarth.
几百年来 香水制作者痴迷于龙涎香 这是 一种稀有但看起来有些恶心的物质
For centuries, perfume-makers have been obsessed with ambergris, a rare, gross-looking substance
这种物质能够使香水有一种持久的 动物的气味
that gives fragrances a long-lasting, animalistic odor.
但很长时间人们都不知道龙涎香是什么
Yet, for a long time, no one knew what ambergris was
它们大量的出现在洋面或是海岸边 这让人们想象或许这是树液 或者
hunks of it just appeared on the ocean’s surface or along seashores, leading people to hypothesize that it might be tree sap…or
可能是海下的奇怪的蘑菇的一种 或者 可能是水下火山的焦油?
perhaps a weird kind of undersea mushroom…or maybe tar from submerged volcanoes?
但我们最终追查到这种奇特的香水成分与鲸鱼的屁股有关
But we’ve finally traced this fancy perfume ingredient straight to whales’ butts.
和所有的和粪便有关的故事一样 这个故事从另一头开始
Like all poop origin stories, this one starts at the other end
在抹香鲸吃了一下午的鱿鱼以后
after sperm whales snarf down an afternoon snack of squid.
通常 软头足类的浆液会滑过鲸鱼的第一个胃 然后继续前进
Usually, the soft cephalopod slurry slides through the whales’ first stomach and keeps going
而而像骨头一样的喙和其他硬的部分会被吐出来
while the bone-like beaks and other hard parts get vomited back out.
但有时一些坚硬的 小的部分会悄悄溜进肠道
But sometimes, a few of the hard, poke-y parts sneak through to the intestines.
从那里 它们通常会随着鲸鱼的液化粪便流到海里
From there, they usually just end up flowing with the whales’ liquidy poop out to sea,
但是每隔一段时间 硬的部分就会被相互缠绕
but every once in a while, the hard parts end up getting tangled with each other and
并且和死去的肠道蠕虫缠绕 形成混合着粪便和细菌的直肠路障
with dead intestinal worms to form poop-collecting, bacteria-ridden rectal roadblocks.
当肠壁收缩时 一些路障排泄了出去 但是其他的却变得更加紧密
As the intestinal walls contract, some roadblocks simply pop free, but others just get denser,
而当它们从在他们周围流动的粪便中获取更多的粪便物质和鱿鱼部分时
and, as they capture more fecal matter and squid parts from the poop flowing around them,
他们会变得更大
also larger.
抹香鲸的结肠可以膨胀到其正常尺寸的五倍大小从而容纳这些滚雪球般扩大的结石
A sperm whale’s colon can bulge to five times its usual diameter to accommodate one of these snowballing concretions,
但最终它裂开了 杀死了鲸鱼
but eventually, it ruptures, killing the whale
并且释放了一颗巨大的龙涎香(一颗巨大的粪便珍珠)进入了海洋
and releasing a huge butt-pearl of ambergris into the ocean.
为了到达最佳的香水质量 龙涎香必须放置数月或数年
To reach peak perfume quality, the ambergris must bob along for months or years
去除表层并将自身元素相作用从而完成
shedding layers and reacting with the elements to complete its transformation
从一种以鱿鱼为基础的粪便到一种高价的香水的转变
from a squid-based poop plug to a high-priced eau de toilette.
嗨 我是埃弗 我是迷你课的插画家
Hey, this is Ever, an illustrator here at MinuteEarth.
你可能已经注意到龙涎香是神话中的魔法石的真实版本
You might have noticed that ambergris is the real life version of the mythical philosopher’s stone
在我最喜欢的动画系列中埃尔罗伊兄弟试图找到它
which the Elric Brothers try to track down in my favorite anime series of all time.
你可以在Crunchyroll上看钢之炼金术师和其他 比如龙珠
You can watch FullMetal Alchemist Brotherhood and many others, like Dragon Ball Super
冰上的尤里或者进击的巨人第一季(在第二季出来之前)
Yuri on Ice or catch up with Attack on Titan Season 1 (before Season 2 FINALLY comes out) at Crunchyroll.
Crunchyroll赞助了这个视频 因为他们想让你知道
Crunchyroll sponsored this video because they want you to know that
他们已经把日本最好的新动画片集中在一起了
they have gathered together the best new anime from Japan all in one place.
现在 你甚至可以试试Crunchyroll Premium 他们的新的高清无广告的产品
Right now, you can even try out Crunchyroll Premium – their new HD, ad-free offering – for
30天免费试用
30 Days FREE.
浏览crunchyroll.com/minuteearth网站或者点击此处的链接
Go to to crunchyroll.com/minuteearth or click on the link in the description
让他们知道你是从我们这里知道这些信息的
to let them know that you came from us.
谢谢Crunchyroll!
Thanks Crunchyroll!

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视频概述

带领我们了解龙涎香的形成过程,我们手中的昂贵香水竟然是这样产生的!

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收集自网络

翻译译者

Oasis

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风吹桃

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vN1brVnlBZU

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