Did you know that about 70 %
of our planet is covered by water?
That’s more than half the world we live in!
And the oceans are just full of all kinds of amazing living things.
We’ve already told you about animals like dolphins and penguins and even the blowfish.
But have you ever heard of the anglerfish?
OK, prepare yourself … this is an anglerfish.
There are more than 200 different kinds of anglerfish,
and most of them can be found
in some of the deepest waters in the world —
especially in the Atlantic Ocean.
The anglerfish gets its name from a long strand that grows
from its head, called a lure.
And it uses the lure like a fishing rod—sortof.
The end of the lure actually glows like a light bulb,
and its light attracts other curious fish
right into the mouth of the anglerfish!
This makes the anglerfish a fish that kindof… fishes!
But that glowing lure isn’t the only thing that makes anglerfish so special.
I mentioned that anglerfish live deep in theocean.
But many of these animals live in the coldest,
deepest layer of the ocean, known as the midnight zone.
As you might have guessed from its name,
the midnight zone is completely dark.
That’s because this layer of the ocean
is so deep that it gets no sunlight!
So the only light that animals see down there
is the special light that’s given off by certain living things
like the anglerfish,with its glowing lure.
And when some deep-sea creatures, like little fish,
see the light of that lure, they swim up
to get it a better look.
Which leads us to another cool thing aboutanglerfish: With the help of their lure, they’re really,
really good hunters.
Anglerfish often hide in the sand and stick out their lure,
and then wait for their prey.
Once another animal gets close enough, then… CHOMP!
And a really need thing is, anglerfish can eat animals twice their size.
How can they fit something that big into theirbellies?
Well, Anglerfish have huge mouths, and really flexible stretchy bodies,
so they can swallow a whole lot!
And almost nothing can eat an anglerfish.
They have very few predators that we know about.
Do you wanna know one more cool thing about anglerfish?
The girls really rule.
Only the female anglerfish have that special lure on top of their heads.
The females are also much bigger than the males.
And males are sometimes as small as your pointerfinger.
In fact, they’re so tiny,
that females carry the males around!
This is because the males can’t feed themselves when they become adults,
so they have to latch onto a female
by biting her and holding on with their teeth.
Some females have been seen carrying up to six males at a time!
Nice work, ladies!
So now you know: Anglerfish are deep-dwelling,glow-in-the-dark, A-plus hunters
And anglerfish are just some of the fascinating creatures that live
in our amazing oceans.
Which ones do you want to learn about next?!
If you’d like us to dive deep for more information
about ocean animals, or anything else, just
let us know by getting help from a grown up,
and leaving a comment below, or emailing us
Thanks for joining us for SciShow Kids!